|District of Arunachal Pradesh|
Location of Changlang district in Arunachal Pradesh
|Administrative division||Arunachal East|
|• Total||4,662 km2 (1,800 sq mi)|
|• Total||147,951 (2,011)|
|• Sex ratio||914|
Changlang district (Pron:/tʃæŋˈlæŋ/) is located in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, located south of Lohit district and north of Tirap district. As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Arunachal Pradesh (out of 16), after Papum Pare.
It falls in a region that receives high rainfall. The region is rich in wildlife with different kind of flora and fauna. The district has both plains and highlands. Most of the plains are in the valley of Dihing. The area is prone to occasional floods.
National protected area
There are 5 Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituencies located in this district: Bordumsa, Miao, Nampong, Changlang South and Changlang North. All of these are part of Arunachal East Lok Sabha constituency.
The Changlang district has five Sub-Divisions namely Changlang, Manmao, Jairampur, Bordumsa and Miao.
Manmao Sub-Division (Manmao Block) covers three Circles, namely Manmao (3,814 people), Renuk, and Lyngok-Longtoi.
Total, there are fifteen Circles, five Blocks and five Subdivisions in Changlang district.
There are two municipalities Changlang (6,469 people) and Jairampur (5,919 people).
The administrative setup is based on single line administration which aims to keep close co-operation amongst various developmental departments with the district administration and thus, to work together for the speedy development of the area. The district has four Sub-Divisions and a total of 12 circles as shown in Table 2.1 below. The Deputy Commissioner being the overall in-charge of the district administration maintains law and order with the help of administrative officers and police forces. Moreover, the villagers have their own customary administrative systems in the form of traditional village councils consisting of the Gaon Buras and members.
There is no good road transport in the region. The people are commuting on the roads that Oil India Limited build some decades back.
The 2,000-kilometre-long (1,200 mi) proposed Mago-Thingbu to Vijaynagar Arunachal Pradesh Frontier Highway along the McMahon Line, (will intersect with the proposed East-West Industrial Corridor Highway) and will pass through this district, alignment map of which can be seen here and here.
This gives it a ranking of 598th in India (out of a total of 640 districts). The district has a population density of 32 inhabitants per square kilometre (83/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 17.96%. Changlang has a sex ratio of 914 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 61.9%.
The Tibetan people are clustered at Choephelling Tibetan settlement in Miao, which was set up in 1976 hosts a population of 2200.
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Flora and fauna
The Namdapha Tiger reserve is located in Miao town of this district.
Although the region is one of the most populous in Arunachal Pradesh, there are hardly any hospitals. It is a great challenge to travel to good hospitals in Assam.
Chakma and Hajong refugees
The Chakma and Hajong refugees in Arunachal Pradesh came from East Pakistan in 1964 to 1969. During that period the refugees — 2,902 families (14,888 persons), took refuge in the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA). The present[when?] population of Chakma and Hajong in Arunachal Pradesh is 54,203 people (9,341 families). In Changlang district it is 47,703 people. The only political developmental step that is taken by the Government of India is inclusion of 1497 population in the voter list in 2004 by the Election Commission of India.
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- "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
Lombok 4,625 km2
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Saint Lucia 161,557 July 2011 est.
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- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Galo: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- Summary: Chakma and Hajong Population Survey report (CCRCHAP, New Delhi, September, 2012) 10 & 3
- Deepak K Singh, Stateless in South Asia: The Chakmas between Bangladesh and India (SAGE Publication India Pvt. Ltd 2010) 15-16
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