Peaks in Namdapha National Park
Location of Changlang district in Arunachal Pradesh
|• Total||4,662 km2 (1,800 sq mi)|
|• Total||148,226 (2,011)|
|• Sex ratio||914|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
Changlang district (Pron:/tʃæŋˈlæŋ/) is located in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, located south of Lohit district and north of Tirap district. As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Arunachal Pradesh (out of 16), after Papum Pare.
It falls in a region that receives high rainfall. The region is rich in wildlife with a different kind of flora and fauna. The district has both plains and highlands. Most of the plains are in the valley of Dihing. The area is prone to occasional floods.
National protected area
There are 5 Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituencies located in this district: Bordumsa, Miao, Nampong, Changlang South and Changlang North. All of these are part of Arunachal East Lok Sabha constituency.
The Changlang district has five Sub-Divisions namely Changlang, Manmao, Jairampur, Bordumsa, and Miao.
Manmao Sub-Division (Manmao Block) covers three Circles, namely Manmao (3,814 people), Renuk, and Lyngok-Longtoi.
Total, there are fifteen Circles, five Blocks, and five Subdivisions in Changlang district.
There are two municipalities Changlang (6,469 people) and Jairampur (5,919 people).
The administrative setup is based on single-line administration which aims to keep close co-operation amongst various developmental departments with the district administration and thus, to work together for the speedy development of the area. The district has four Sub-Divisions and a total of 12 circles as shown in Table 2.1 below. The Deputy Commissioner is the overall in-charge of the district administration maintains law and order with the help of administrative officers and police forces. Moreover, the villagers have their own customary administrative systems in the form of traditional village councils consisting of the Gaon Buras and members.
There is no good road transport in the region. The people are commuting on the roads that Oil India Limited built some decades back.
The 2,000-kilometre-long (1,200 mi) proposed Mago-Thingbu to Vijaynagar Arunachal Pradesh Frontier Highway along the McMahon Line, (will intersect with the proposed East-West Industrial Corridor Highway) and will pass through this district, alignment map of which can be seen here and here.
This gives it a ranking of 598th in India (out of a total of 640 districts). The district has a population density of 32 inhabitants per square kilometre (83/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 17.96%. Changlang has a sex ratio of 914 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 61.9%. Scheduled Tribes made up 36.3% of the district's population.
The largest group in the state are the Chakma and Hajong refugees who were settled in the region after their home in the Chittagong Hill Tracts was flooded by the Kaptai Dam. They make up around a third of the district's population. Another third is made up of tribal groups, namely Tangsa, Tutsa, Nocte, Chakma, Singpho, Gorkha and the Yobin. Sizeable communities of the Tibetans, and Bodo are also there.
The Tibetan people are clustered at Choephelling Tibetan settlement in Miao, which was set up in 1976 hosts a population of 2200.
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Flora and fauna
The Namdapha Tiger reserve is located in Miao town of this district.
Although the region is one of the most populous in Arunachal Pradesh, there are hardly any hospitals. It is a great challenge to travel to good hospitals in Assam.
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- "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
Lombok 4,625 km2
- "Assembly Constituencies allocation w.r.t District and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Arunachal Pradesh website. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
- Dipak Kumar Dash. "Top officials to meet to expedite road building along China border". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
- "Narendra Modi government to provide funds for restoration of damaged highways". Retrieved 27 October 2014.
- Ankit Panda. "Indian Government Plans Highway Along Disputed China Border". thediplomat.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
- "Govt planning road along McMohan line in Arunachal Pradesh: Kiren Rijiju". Live Mint. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- Ajay Banerjee. "China warns India against paving road in Arunachal". tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Saint Lucia 161,557 July 2011 est.
- "Coronavirus | Row over inclusion of Chakmas in Arunachal infection tally". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 6 June 2020. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 22 January 2021.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Tibetans in Miao Elect Settlement Officer Archived 11 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Tibet.net (24 October 2003).
- Choepheling Tibetan Settlement, Miao, Arunachal Pradesh, India Archived 4 November 2005 at the Wayback Machine
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Galo: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Population by religion community – 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015.
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