Changlang district

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Changlang district
Peaks in Namdapha National Park
Changlang district
Location in Arunachal Pradesh
Coordinates (Changlang): 27°07′48″N 95°44′24″E / 27.13000°N 95.74000°E / 27.13000; 95.74000Coordinates: 27°07′48″N 95°44′24″E / 27.13000°N 95.74000°E / 27.13000; 95.74000
Country India
StateArunachal Pradesh
DivisionArunachal East
HeadquartersChanglang
Area
 • Total4,662 km2 (1,800 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total148,226[1] (2,011)
Demographics
 • Literacy61.9%[1]
 • Sex ratio914[1]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Pincode(s)
792 120[2]
Websitechanglang.nic.in
Tutsa Dancers from Changlang District

Changlang district (Pron:/tʃæŋˈlæŋ/) is located in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, located south of Lohit district and north of Tirap district. Naga people reside here . As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Arunachal Pradesh (out of 16), after Papum Pare.[1] It has become one of the major districts in the area owing to the presence of crude oil, coal and mineral resources other than tourism and hydropower.

History[edit]

Post-independence[edit]

The district was created on 14 November 1987, when it was split from Tirap district.[3]

The Indian Government resettled many Chakmas and Hajong here. They had fled from East Pakistan, which constructed the Kaptai Dam on their lands displacing hundreds of thousands.

Geography[edit]

Changlang district occupies an area of 4,662 square kilometres (1,800 sq mi),[4] comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Lombok Island.[5]

It falls in a region that receives high rainfall. The region is rich in wildlife with a different kind of flora and fauna. The district has both plains and highlands. Most of the plains are in the valley of Dihing. The area is prone to occasional floods.

National protected area[edit]

Economy[edit]

The Dihing is the main source of fishes for the local people. The freshwater fishes are very much in demand they hardly reach major towns nearby like Tinsukia, Doomdooma, Digboi and Dibrugarh.

Administrative divisions[edit]

There are 5 Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituencies located in this district: Bordumsa, Miao, Nampong, Changlang South and Changlang North. All of these are part of Arunachal East Lok Sabha constituency.[6]

The Changlang district has five Sub-Divisions namely Changlang, Manmao, Jairampur, Bordumsa, and Miao.

Changlang Sub-Divisions (Chanlang Block) covers four circles, namely Changlang (14,718 people), Khimiyang (3,506 people), Namtok (3,085 people) and Yatdam.

Manmao Sub-Division (Manmao Block) covers three Circles, namely Manmao (3,814 people), Renuk, and Lyngok-Longtoi.

Jairampur Sub-Division (Nampong Block) covers three Circles, namely Nampong (4,424 people), Jairampur (7,836 people) and Rima-Putak.

Bordumsa Sub-Division (Bordumsa-Diyun Block) has got only two circles Bordumsa (25,369 people) and Diyun (28,907 people).

And Miao Sub-Division (Khagam-Miao Block) covers three circles namely Miao (20,266 people), Kharsang (9,509 people) and Vijoynagar (3,988 people).

Total, there are fifteen Circles, five Blocks, and five Subdivisions in Changlang district.

There are two municipalities Changlang (6,469 people) and Jairampur (5,919 people).

The administrative setup is based on single-line administration which aims to keep close co-operation amongst various developmental departments with the district administration and thus, to work together for the speedy development of the area. The district has four Sub-Divisions and a total of 12 circles as shown in Table 2.1 below. The Deputy Commissioner is the overall in-charge of the district administration maintains law and order with the help of administrative officers and police forces. Moreover, the villagers have their own customary administrative systems in the form of traditional village councils consisting of the Gaon Buras and members.

Transport[edit]

Trans-Arunachal highway connects northern parts of the district with Namsai district in the north. Changlang headquarters is connected to Assam by Changlang-Margherita road and to Tirap district by Trans-Arunachal Highway.

The 2,000-kilometre-long (1,200 mi) proposed Mago-Thingbu to Vijaynagar Arunachal Pradesh Frontier Highway along the McMahon Line,[7][8][9][10] (will intersect with the proposed East-West Industrial Corridor Highway) and will pass through this district, alignment map of which can be seen here and here.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
196118,227—    
197141,474+8.57%
198162,211+4.14%
199195,530+4.38%
2001125,422+2.76%
2011148,226+1.68%
source:[12]

According to the 2011 census Changlang district has a population of 148,226,[13] roughly equal to the nation of Saint Lucia.[14]

This gives it a ranking of 598th in India (out of a total of 640 districts). The district has a population density of 32 inhabitants per square kilometre (83/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 17.96%. Changlang has a sex ratio of 914 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 61.9%. Scheduled Tribes made up 36.3% of the district's population.[13]

The largest group in the state are the Chakma and Hajong who were settled in the region after their home in the Chittagong Hill Tracts was flooded by the Kaptai Dam. They make up around a third of the district's population.[15] Another third is made up of tribal groups, namely Tangsa, Tutsa, Nocte, Chakma, Singpho, Gorkha and the Yobin. Sizeable communities of the Tibetans,[16] and Bodo are also there.

The Tibetan people are clustered at Choephelling Tibetan settlement in Miao, which was set up in 1976 hosts a population of 2200.[17]

Languages[edit]

At the time of the 2011 census, 27.14% of the population spoke Chakma, 20.08% Tangsa, 7.09% Nepali, 3.97% Sadri, 3.50% Assamese, 3.26% Hindi, 3.22% Bengali, 2.22% Monpa, 2.04% Bhojpuri, 1.79% Hajong, 1.65% Nocte and 1.13% Chungli Ao as their first language. Other significant languages in the district not recorded in the census are Singpho, spoken by c. 3900 people.[18]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Changlang district (2011)[19]
Religion Percent
Buddhism
33.99%
Hinduism
32.17%
Christianity
24.27%
Rangfrah
8.13%
Islam
1.44%

Buddhism, followed predominantly by the Chakmas and the Singphos and Khamti, is the largest religion in the district and is practiced by around a third of the population. Other non-tribal communities, such as the Hajong, Nepalis, Bhojpuris, Assamese and others are Hindus, who make up around 32% of the population. Around half the tribals, including most of the Tangsa, Nocte, and other Naga groups, have converted to Christianity, but a large minority among these groups still practice their traditional animistic faith. Some have attempted to formalize this faith into a new spiritual movement called Rangfrah. Christianity is also practiced among some members of the tea garden tribes like Munda and Kurukh.

Tourism[edit]

Places to visit are World War II cemetery in Jairampur, Indo-Myanmar border town Nampong and Pangsau Pass. Another place of interest is Bordumsa where the rich culture of the Tais and Singpho exist. Namdapha National park has many tourist homes & picturesque areas.

Flora and fauna[edit]

The Namdapha Tiger reserve is located in Miao town of this district.

Health services[edit]

District Hospital is located in Changlang headquarters. Subdivisions and major Administrative circles have Community health Center or Primary health Center to take care of basic health needs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in.
  2. ^ Changlan
  3. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  4. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti, ed. (2010). "States and Union Territories: Arunachal Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1113. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  5. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Lombok 4,625 km2
  6. ^ "Assembly Constituencies allocation w.r.t District and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Arunachal Pradesh website. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
  7. ^ Dipak Kumar Dash. "Top officials to meet to expedite road building along China border". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Narendra Modi government to provide funds for restoration of damaged highways". Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  9. ^ Ankit Panda. "Indian Government Plans Highway Along Disputed China Border". thediplomat.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Govt planning road along McMohan line in Arunachal Pradesh: Kiren Rijiju". Live Mint. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  11. ^ Ajay Banerjee. "China warns India against paving road in Arunachal". tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  12. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  13. ^ a b "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  14. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Saint Lucia 161,557 July 2011 est.
  15. ^ "Coronavirus | Row over inclusion of Chakmas in Arunachal infection tally". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 6 June 2020. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 22 January 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  16. ^ Tibetans in Miao Elect Settlement Officer Archived 11 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Tibet.net (24 October 2003).
  17. ^ Choepheling Tibetan Settlement, Miao, Arunachal Pradesh, India Archived 4 November 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  19. ^ "Population by religion community – 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015.

External links[edit]