Hometown of Overseas Chinese
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Changle (help·info) (simplified Chinese: 长乐; traditional Chinese: 長樂; pinyin: Chánglè, Foochow Romanized: Diòng-lŏ̤h) is one of 6 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Fuzhou, the capital of Fujian Province, China. It occupies a land area of 648 square kilometers (250 sq mi) and a sea area of 1,327 square kilometers (512 sq mi). Changle was established in the sixth year of Emperor Wude (623 AD) during the Tang Dynasty, and it became a county-level city on February 18, 1994. The district faces the East China Sea and is connected to Mawei district by the Min River. Due to an increase in businesses, the province is now one of the richest provinces in China. The city was upgraded to a district on August 2017 by a government proposal.
Located 30 kilometers (19 mi) outside downtown Fuzhou, Changle has a total population of 680,000 and is the hometown of more than 700,000 overseas Chinese.
The Fuzhou Changle International Airport is a major airport located in the Zhanggang Subdistrict (formerly, Zhanggang Town) of Changle. This airport services the entire northern Fujian area, and it has regular scheduled flights to many domestic and international destinations.
Airport Express Way (Toll Road), Shenghai Express Way and Fujian Provincial Highways S201 and S203
However, in November 2012 a plan has been approved for an 88.5-km-long railway from Fuzhou to Pingtan Island. The railway will run across Changle, and will have 3 stations within the district (Changle, Changle East, and Songxia (松下)). It is expected that the work will start by the end of 2012, and would take about five and a half years.
Natives of Changle receive large amount of financial support from overseas, due to there being a significant population of immigrants from Changle overseas, particularly in the US and Canada. The focal point for the US is in New York City with Fuzhouese ethnic enclaves present in all five boroughs. Notable enclaves include Little Fuzhou in East Broadway of Chinatown, Manhattan and more recently, due to gentrification, in Flushing, Queens and 8th avenue of Sunset Park, Brooklyn. A 2001 study by the Changle government found that about 400,000 people from Changle and their descendants were living abroad.
The area has been nicknamed the "Hometown of Overseas Chinese" due to the large number of natives that have move abroad.
Notable natives and residents
- One well known Changle native is author Shie Wan Yin, whose pen name is Bing Xin
- Changle is the ancestral home of Zheng Zhenduo, a master of literature.
- Naval explorer, Admiral Zheng He
One of the attractions in Changle is the natural environment. Situated on the banks of the Min River, the region is surrounded by mountains and hills. There are many parks and trails which are destinations for locals and tourists alike. However, industrialization of the region has impacted these areas.
Some of the tourist attractions include Xiasha Seaside Vocational Center, Jingang Leg, Bing Xing Literacy Archives, and Nanshan Park. A number of overseas remittances, particularly from the US, has been used to construct some of these areas, particularly the parks, over the last few years.[when?] Because of this, many of these areas are essentially new and attract a considerable number of visitors.
Some attractions are:
- Zheng He Museum and Park (郑和博物馆)
- Jin Gang Tui Park (A Buddhist's Giant Leg) (金刚腿公园)
- Bin Xin Museum (冰心博物馆)
- Qinjiang Manzu Jie (Manchurian Vallige) (琴江满族村)
- Xiasha Beach Resort (下沙海滨度假村)
- Xianyin Palace (显应宫)
- Tianfei Palace (天妃宫)
- Hexia Street (Beneath River Street) (河下街)
At home, Fuzhou dialect is the norm. Older generations typically have a strong accent when speaking in Mandarin due to their mother tongue being the Fuzhou dialect, which does not distinguish between z and zh, c and ch, s and sh initials or n and ng finals.
Shopping and dining
International fast food chains have been present for a long time and high end brands are trying to get in to the Fuzhounese market, with their high disposable income and expensive tastes.
Due to geographic location, Changle cuisine consists of a lot of seafood, such as clams, shrimps, conch, sea snails, etc.
- Fish balls (鱼丸) A ball-shaped food made from minced fish meat, egg whites, and sweet potato starch. It is known for its chewy texture and umami taste. Some fish balls contain no fillings, while others contain a filling made from minced pork and scallions.
- Fish Noodles (鱼面) A noodle made from fish and starch.
- Bian Rou (扁肉) Literally means "ground meat." It is Fujian style wonton soup. It features a thin wonton skin and a pork filling.
- Rou Yan (肉燕) It literally translates to “Meat Swallow”, as in the passerine birds. It is very similar to Bian Rou, but the wrapper of Rou Yan is made from pork meat. The locals use lean pork and pound it with a wooden stick, then combine sweet potato starch with the pork to make the wrapper. The fillings consist of ground pork, scallion, and sometimes small dried shrimp. The name Rou Yan or “Meat Swallow” comes from the fact that the food resembles a swallow.
- Ban Mian (拌面) Noodles with a peanut butter like sauce. Although not native to Changle, Ban Mian is still common all over the district. Another common ingredient in ban mian is lard or pork fat. Although proven unhealthy, the lard adds a special fragrance to the dish. When the dish is presented to the customer, the customer is expected to mix the sauce and the noodle themselves. Because the sauce is made from a combination of soy sauce, peanut butter, and lard, it can solidify very quickly. So before eating the dish, the customer has to mix the noodle with the sauce thoroughly. Hence the dish is called Ban Mian, because Ban means mix in Chinese, and Mian means noodles.
- Jia Yu Wan (假鱼丸) Another very common and popular Changle food. The translation means "fake fish ball". It is like the traditional fish ball, with similar fillings, but the difference is from the exterior. Unlike Yun Wan or fish balls, which contain an exterior made of fish meat, the exteriors of Jia Yu Wan are made from mashed potatoes combine with sweet potato starch. Many people prefer “fake fish balls” over “fish balls” because of the contrast between the sweet exterior from the potato and the savory interior pork filling.
- Ice Rice (冰饭) is a traditional dessert that originated from Changle, China. It’s made with a base of sweetened water and sticky rice, a layer of bean paste, and different toppings.
- Wuhang Subdistrict (吴航街道)
- Hangcheng Subdistrict (航城街道)
- Zhanggang Subdistrict (漳港街道)
- Yingqian Subdistrict (营前街道)
- Meihua Town (梅花镇), across from Juguang, Lienchiang, Taiwan (ROC)
- Jinfeng Town (金峰镇)
- Tantou Town (潭头镇)
- Yutian Town (玉田镇)
- Jiangtian Town (江田镇)
- Guhuai Town (古槐镇)
- Heshang Town (鹤上镇)
- Shouzhan Town (首占镇)
- Wenwusha Town (文武砂镇)
- Hunan Town (湖南镇)
- Wenling Town (文岭镇)
- Songxia Town (松下镇)
- Luolian Township (罗联乡)
- Houyu Township (猴屿乡)
- Fuzhou College of Foreign Studies and Trade, Changle Campus (Shouzhan Town) 福州外语外贸学院长乐校区，首占
- No.1 Junior High School (Wuhan Town) 长乐一中，吴航
- Huaqiao Junior High and Senior School (Wuhan Town) 长乐侨中，吴航
- No.2 Junior High School (Jinfeng Town) 长乐二中，金峰
- Changle Junior High School (formerly known as 'Changle Normal School', Wuhan Town) 长乐高级中学(原为长乐师范学校)
- No.3 Junior High School (Guhuai Town) 长乐三中，古槐
- No.7 Junior High School (Jiangtian Town) 长乐七中(或称长乐智化中学)，江田
- No.4 Junior High School (Yutian Town) 长乐四中，玉田
- No.6 Junior High School (Yingqian Town) 长乐六中，营前
- No.5 Junior High School (Tantou Town) 长乐五中，潭头
|Climate data for Changle (1981−2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||27.5
|Average high °C (°F)||14.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||11.0
|Average low °C (°F)||8.5
|Record low °C (°F)||0.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||47.7
|Average relative humidity (%)||76||79||81||80||82||84||80||80||80||76||74||74||79|
|Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center|
- Gao Yutong (高宇彤), ed. Changle City Annals (长乐市志). 中华人民共和囯地方志. 2001.
- Changle News (Chinese)
- 福州至平潭铁路可研报告获发改委批复, 2012-11-10
- Zhao, Xiaojian (2010). The New Chinese America : Class, Economy, And Social Hierarchy. New Brunswick, N.J: Rutgers University Press.
- Changle's Government. (in Chinese)
- 梅花镇入选第六批省级历史文化名镇名村. 福州市长乐区人民政府 (in Chinese). 9 January 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2020.