Changlun

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Changlun also known as Changlon (Thai: จังโหลน; rtgsChang Lon) is a small town located about 42 kilometer from Alor Setar in the Kubang Pasu District, Kedah, Malaysia. The word changlun originates from Thai, Changlon (Thai: ช้างหล่น), which means "fallen elephant".

The construction of the North–South Expressway passing through Changlun has enabled the town to enjoy smooth development. The completed Changlun–Kuala Perlis Highway helps to speed up development in the town as well. With the new federal highway, motorists are able to travel to important higher education institutions, such as UUM in Sintok, KPM, KMK, KMP, UiTM Arau, UniMAP Arau and Polytechnics of Perlis. Motorists are also advised to use the toll-free federal highway for reach Langkawi via Kuala Perlis faster.

History[edit]

Sultanate of Kedah

Kedah is one of the oldest surviving sultanates in the world founded in 1136. Prior to becoming part of Malaysia, it had a well-defined territory and population supported by a working government and had previously entered into various legal relations with other nations like Siam and the British. Siam has been claiming that Kedah was part of their kingdom.

Anglo–Siamese Treaty of 1909

When the British and Siam signed the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 without taking into consideration the interests of the Kedah Sultanate, deciding what belonged to whom, Changlun was divided into two parts. The main border town of Changlun became the district of Kubang Pasu, now in Kedah of Malaysia. The rest remained as Thailand. Tambon Sadao, together with the former minor district (King Amphoe) Prik, forms modern Sadao.[1] This resulting in adverse socio-demographic impacts that affected majority Malay population particularly in the Thai provinces of Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat.

Second World War

The Battle of Jitra was fought between the invading Japanese and Allied forces during the Malayan Campaign of the Second World War, from 11–13 December 1941 including in Changlun.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnicities of Changlun - 2010 Census[2]
ethnic group percent
Malays
  
46.1%
Chinese
  
38.7%
Indians
  
5.7%
Other Bumiputera and others
  
9.5%

Changlun is a township in Kubang Pasu District, Kedah with population of 1506 as of 2010.[2]

As similar to most cities in Malaysia, Changlun population comprised 694 (46.1%) Malays, 583 (38.7%) Chinese, 86 (5.7%) Indian, 28 (1.9%) other Bumiputera and others such as Siamese and 115 (7.6%) Non-Malaysian.[2]

Landmarks[edit]

Primary Schools

  • SK Batu Lapan
  • SRJK(T) Changlun
  • SRJK(C) Yit Min
  • SRK Dato' Wan Kemara
  • Sekolah Agama At-Toyyibah
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan Felda Bukit Tangga

Secondary Schools

  • SMK Changlun
  • Sekolah Agama At-Toyyibah

Matriculation

  • Kolej Matrikulasi Kedah

Banks & Pawnshops[edit]

  • Pajak Gadai Bonus Sdn Bhd
  • Public Bank
  • CIMB Bank
  • Bank Simpanan Nasional
  • Maybank

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Britain, Treaty Series, No. 19 (1909)
  2. ^ a b c "2010 Population and Housing Census of Malaysia" (PDF) (in Malay and English). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-03-01. Retrieved 2012-06-17. 

Coordinates: 6°26′N 100°26′E / 6.433°N 100.433°E / 6.433; 100.433