Changsha Huanghua International Airport

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Changsha Huanghua International Airport
Changsha airport logo.jpg
Csx airport view1.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorHunan Airport Management Group Co., Ltd.
ServesChangsha, Hunan
LocationHuanghua, Changsha County, Hunan
OpenedAugust 29, 1989 (1989-08-29)
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL66 m / 217 ft
Coordinates28°11′48″N 113°13′15″E / 28.19667°N 113.22083°E / 28.19667; 113.22083Coordinates: 28°11′48″N 113°13′15″E / 28.19667°N 113.22083°E / 28.19667; 113.22083
Websitecsa.hnjcjt.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
CSX is located in Hunan
CSX
CSX
Location in Hunan
CSX is located in China
CSX
CSX
Location in China
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18R/36L 3,200 10,499 Asphalt
18L/36R 3,800 12,467 Concrete
Statistics (2021)
Passengers19,983,064
Aircraft movements162,977
Cargo209,074
Source: CAAC Central and Southern Regional Administration, List of the busiest airports in the People's Republic of China
Changsha Huanghua International Airport
Simplified Chinese长沙黄花国际机场
Traditional Chinese長沙黃花國際機場
Hallway after the security checking border inside the domestic terminal 2

Changsha Huanghua International Airport (IATA: CSX, ICAO: ZGHA, CAAC LID: HHA)[1] is the airport serving Changsha, the capital of Hunan province, China, as well as nearby cities such as Zhuzhou and Xiangtan. As of 2016, it is the 13th busiest civil airport in China. Located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) from downtown Changsha in the town of Huanghua in Changsha County, the airport has two terminal buildings. The airport is managed by the Hunan Airport Authority, a publicly owned corporation managing all five airports in Hunan Province. Huanghua airport was opened in August 1989, replacing Changsha Datuopu Airport, which is now a military air base.

Terminals[edit]

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1, with 32,000 square metres (340,000 sq ft) of space, has three concourses (T1-A, T1-B and T1-c). It was opened in 2000, and the proposed capacity was 4.6 million passengers annually. Terminal 1 was closed for renovation from July 2011 to 17 May 2018 after Terminal 2 became fully operational.

Terminal 1 reopened on 18 May 2018. After renovation, Terminal 1 has 39,000 square metres (420,000 sq ft) of space, 38 check-in counters, 10 security lanes and 10 aerobridges. It has the capacity of six million passengers annually.[2] Terminal 1 serves Air China, Chengdu Airlines, Joy Air, Okay Airways, Tibet Airlines, Shandong Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines and Kunming Airlines.

Terminal 1 Departure hall
Terminal 1 and concourses

Terminal 2[edit]

The inauguration of Terminal 2 was on July 19, 2011. With 212,000 m2 (2,280,000 sq ft) of space, the new terminal is the fifth largest airport terminal in mainland China (after Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen). The 39.9-metre (131 ft) tall main building of Terminal 2, being 672 metres (2,205 ft) in length and 168 metres (551 ft) in depth, is the largest single steel-truss structure in Hunan. The new terminal has 22 bridge gates, to which the longest passenger walking distance is within 300 metres (980 ft). With this new facility, the airport can handle 151,000 aircraft movements and another 15.6 million passengers every year. The peak hour volume of passengers is 3,940.

The departure hall has four automatic double-glass-door entrances which are directly facing check-in areas A, B, C, & D respectively. Entrances 1-3 are domestic entrances and Entrance 4 is for international, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan Departures, which will be checked in at Area D. Area A is the exclusive check-in area for China Southern Airlines. Areas B and C are domestic check-in areas for other airlines. The terminal has 80 check-in counters and 24 self-checkin kiosks, 24 security checkpoints and more than 6,390 seats.

The arrival hall is equipped with eight baggage carousels (six at domestic area and two at international area). The indoor parking garage P4, which has 693 parking spaces, is on floor B2. There are also three outdoor parking areas, P1,2&3, which provide over 1000 parking spaces.

Terminal 2 Departure Hall
International area inside Terminal 2

History[edit]

From 1957 to 1989, Datuopu Airport served as a dual-use military and civil airport for Changsha. It was only capable of handling small aircraft and a few flights per day. The Hunan Provincial Government proposed the construction of a new airport in October 1984, which was approved by the State Council of China. Construction for Huanghua Airport began in June 1986, and it was opened on 29 August 1989, when all civil flights were transferred to the new airport, and Datuopu reverted to sole military use.[3][4]

On October 28, 2000, the 34,000 m2 (370,000 sq ft) Terminal 1-A, which cost 40.4 million CNY, was opened. The airport was capable of handling 4.6 million passengers per year. Afterwards, the construction of Terminal 1-B and Terminal 1-C were finished to ensure growing passengers and cargo.

The airport then went through a major expansion in 2008–2011, with lengthening of runway 18/36 from 2,600 metres (8,500 ft) to 3,200 metres (10,500 ft) and the addition of Terminal 2 which went into operation in 2011. The airport welcomed its first intercontinental destination when China Southern Airlines began service to Frankfurt, Germany on 23 June 2014.[5]

The construction of the second runway was completed in November, 2016. The new {{convert|3800 x 60|m|adj=on Code-4F runway was built parallel to the current 18/36 runway and lies 380 metres (1,250 ft) to the east. The second runway officially came into use on March 30, 2017. The new runway means that Huanghua Airport is now ranked as a 4F, the highest level for an airport, and capable of accommodating wide-body aircraft such as the A380.

On May 16, 2018, the renovated Terminal 1 of the Changsha Huanghua International Airport resumes operation. The domestic flights operated by Air China, Shenzhen Airlines, Shandong Airlines, Chengdu Airlines, Kunming Airlines, Okay Airways, Joy Air, and Tibet Airlines arrive at T1.

The maglev-terminal corridor in 2017
New air traffic control tower
A China Airlines Airbus A330-300 (B-18355) ready for takeoff
A vacant airbridge of Terminal 2
Back view of Terminal 2 from the waiting area

Short-Term Expansion[edit]

The airport is undergoing a major expansion eastwards. After the completion of the second runway, Terminal 3 and the east terminal area will be constructed on the east side of airport, with 500,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft) of space. The airport will be capable of handling 60 million passengers annually and an annual cargo capacity of six million tons. The airport becomes a hub in Central China after this stage. A third runway of 3,600 by 45 metres (11,811 ft × 148 ft) in length and a GTC with 280,000 m2 (3,000,000 sq ft) of space will also be constructed and ready for use in 2024.

Long-term expansion[edit]

Terminal 4 is to be constructed on the north side of the East terminal area. The east terminal area, in which both Terminals 3&4 lie, is located between the second and third runways. At the final stage, the fourth parallel runway (3,600 metres [11,800 ft]) of 4E will be constructed 1,035 metres (3,396 ft) in the east of the third runway. Two tunnels connecting the west area (Terminal 1&2) and the east terminals (Terminal 3&4) are considered.

Changsha Huanghua Int'l airport will become a major hub in China which hosts a number of based airlines. The ultimate capacity of the airport will be 90 million passengers annually.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
9 Air Guiyang, Haikou, Hohhot, Lanzhou, Mandalay, Shaoyang
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International
Air China Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Lijiang,[6] Tianjin
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Beijing Capital Airlines Changchun, Haikou, Harbin,[7] Lijiang, Sanya, Shenyang[8]
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Dunhuang, Hailar, Jiayuguan, Jieyang, Jinan, Lijiang, Manzhouli, Nanjing, Sanya, Weihai, Xi'an
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Anqing, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Dali, Fuzhou, Haikou, Jieyang, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Nanjing, Sanya,[9] Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Taiyuan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Yancheng, Yantai,[10] Yinchuan, Zhuhai
China Express Airlines Chongqing, Hohhot,[11] Shaoyang, Zhangjiajie
China Southern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hanoi, Harbin, Hohhot, Jieyang, Jinan, Korla, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Linfen, Macau,[12] Meixian, Nagoya–Centrair,[13] Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta,[14] Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Osaka–Kansai, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Turpan, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Xining, Yinchuan, Yining, Yulin, Zhangjiajie, Zhuhai
China United Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Changzhi, Ordos
Chongqing Airlines Chongqing, Jieyang
Colorful Guizhou Airlines Guiyang, Yibin
Dalian Airlines Dalian, Jinan
Donghai Airlines Haikou, Nantong
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou, Zunyi–Xinzhou
GX Airlines Baise, Dalian, Guangzhou, Hohhot, Jinan, Jining, Linyi, Nanning, Rizhao, Shiyan, Taiyuan, Weifang, Xuzhou, Yantai
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou,[15] Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou,[16] Linfen,[17] London–Heathrow,[18] Melbourne,[19] Nanning, Ningbo, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Sydney,[20] Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xiamen,[21] Xuzhou, Yan'an, Yantai,[22] Yinchuan, Yingkou, Zhuhai
Hebei Airlines Beihai, Shijiazhuang
Himalaya Airlines Kathmandu (suspended)[23]
I-Fly Seasonal charter: Moscow-Vnukovo
Joy Air Liping, Tongren,[24] Xiangyang, Zhangjiajie
Juneyao Airlines Huizhou, Lijiang, Osaka–Kansai,[25] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou, Zunyi–Maotai
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kunming Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Datong,[26] Kunming, Shenyang,[26] Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tengchong, Xishuangbanna
Lanmei Airlines Siem Reap[27]
Charter: Sihanoukville[28]
Lao Airlines Luang Prabang, Vientiane
Loong Air Hangzhou, Nanning,[29] Ningbo,[30] Wenzhou,[31] Xingyi, Xining, Zhuhai[32]
Mandarin Airlines Kaohsiung,[33] Taipei–Taoyuan
Okay Airways Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Dalian, Da Nang,[34] Harbin, Huizhou, Jeju,[35] Kalibo, Kunming, Linyi,[36] Nanjing, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai,[37] Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yantai, Zhanjiang
Pacific Airlines Charter: Nha Trang[38]
Qingdao Airlines Hailar,[39] Lanzhou,[40] Luliang,[39] Mandalay,[41] Van Don, Wenzhou,[42] Yantai
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan[43]
Ruili Airlines Mangshi, Shenyang, Yangzhou[44]
Shandong Airlines Haikou, Hohhot, Jieyang, Jinan, Qingdao, Xiamen
Shanghai Airlines Kunming, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Wuzhou[45]
Shenzhen Airlines Nanning, Quanzhou,[46] Shenyang, Wuxi, Yantai, Yuncheng
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Fuzhou, Harbin, Kunming, Sanya, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Xichang
Spring Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Xishuangbanna
Sriwijaya Air Charter: Denpasar
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai
Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Tianjin Airlines Haikou, Kunming, Liupanshui, Ningbo, Tianjin, Urumqi,[47] Zunyi–Xinzhou
Tibet Airlines Kunming,[48] Lhasa, Mangshi,[48] Mianyang[49]
Urumqi Air Lanzhou, Urumqi
West Air Chongqing, Ningbo, Xiamen
XiamenAir Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot, Huai'an, Jinan, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Luzhou, Mianyang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shenyang, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Xinzhou, Yinchuan
Seasonal: Hailar[50]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Jisheng Airlines Belgrade[51]
SF Airlines Osaka–Kansai[52]

Statistics[edit]

As for 2016, Changsha Huanghua International Airport was the 13th busiest airport in the People's Republic of China with 21,296,700 passengers.

Year Passengers % Change Cargo (tons) Aircraft Movements
2017 23,764,820 Increase011.6 138,737.6 179,575
2016 21,296,675 Increase013.8 130,276.1 167,910
2015 18,715,278 Increase03.9 122,022.1 153,367
2014 18,020,501 Increase012.6 125,037.8 152,359
2013 16,007,212 Increase08.5 117,588.7 137,843
2012 14,749,701 Increase07.8 110,608.0 127,041
2011 13,684,731 Increase08.4 114,831.1 116,727
2010 12,621,333 Increase08.4 108,635.2 115,635
2009 11,284,282 Increase33.5 86,995.0 110,023
2008 8,454,808 Increase04.8 71,151.9 85,339
2007 8,069,989 Increase14.9 68,629.7 82,041
2006 6,592,602 Increase22.4 62,571.3 71,139
2005 5,301,396 Increase24.4 52,360.3 59,534
2004 3,802,550 Increase27.1 43,133.2 55,054
2003 2,992,543 Increase15.2 34,987.5 46,993
2002 2,598,508 Increase17.2 25,437.9 42,920
2001 2,217,088 Increase09.0 20,375.2 39,194
2000 2,034,526 - 18,552.0 37,722
Changsha Airport Passenger Totals 2000–2016 (millions)

Ground transportation[edit]

Maglev[edit]

  • The regular-speed Changsha Maglev Express connects Changsha Huanghua International Airport and Changsha South railway station, it started operation on 6 May 2016.
    • The Maglev line is 18.5 km long and trains and runs at a speed of 120 km/h to finish the journey in just over 10 minutes.[53]
    • The ticket price is ¥20 between the Airport and South Railway Station. Metro-card holders can receive a 10% discount.
Map of Changsha Maglev Express
Station Name
English
Station Name
Chinese
Transfer Location
Changshanan 磁浮高铁站  2   4 
Changsha South railway station CWQ
Yuhua
Langli 磁浮㮾梨 Changsha County
Huanghua Airport 磁浮机场 Changsha Huanghua International Airport CSX
 6 

Metro[edit]

Rail[edit]

Bus[edit]

  • There are direct shuttle buses connecting the airport with Hunan Civil Aviation Hotel (with one stop at Gao Qiao on the way), Changsha South Railway Station, and South Bus Station

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]