Channel Definition Format
||It has been suggested that this article be merged into Active Channel. (Discuss) Proposed since January 2015.|
Channel Definition Format (CDF) is an XML file format used in conjunction with Microsoft's Active Channel, Active Desktop and Smart Offline Favorites technologies. The format is designed to "offer frequently updated collections of information, or channels, from any web server for automatic delivery to compatible receiver programs." Active Channel allows websites to be listed and syndicated with the end-user's desktop. Smart Offline Favorites, like channels, enable users to view webpages from the cache.
Submitted to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) in March 1997, CDF marked Microsoft's attempt to capitalize on the short-lived push technology trend led by PointCast. It also served as a model in the emergence of web syndication.
CDF is somewhat similar to the RSS file format introduced by Netscape in 1999. CDF and Active Channel were introduced with the launch of Internet Explorer 4.0 in 1998, while Smart Offline Favorites was introduced with the launch of Internet Explorer 5.0.
Unlike RSS, CDF was never widely adopted and its use remains very limited. As a direct result, in 2006 Microsoft removed CDF support from Internet Explorer 7.
A generic CDF file:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <CHANNEL HREF="http://domain/folder/pageOne.extension" BASE="http://domain/folder/" LASTMOD="1998-11-05T22:12" PRECACHE="YES" LEVEL="0"> <TITLE>Title of Channel</TITLE> <ABSTRACT>Synopsis of channel's contents.</ABSTRACT> <SCHEDULE> <INTERVALTIME DAY="14"/> </SCHEDULE> <LOGO HREF="wideChannelLogo.gif" STYLE="IMAGE-WIDE"/> <LOGO HREF="imageChannelLogo.gif" STYLE="IMAGE"/> <LOGO HREF="iconChannelLogo.gif" STYLE="ICON"/> <ITEM HREF="pageTwo.extension" LASTMOD="1998-11-05T22:12" PRECACHE="YES" LEVEL="1"> <TITLE>Page Two's Title</TITLE> <ABSTRACT>Synopsis of Page Two's contents.</ABSTRACT> <LOGO HREF="pageTwoLogo.gif" STYLE="IMAGE"/> <LOGO HREF="pageTwoLogo.gif" STYLE="ICON"/> </ITEM> </CHANNEL>
- Active Channel
- Active Desktop
- Push technology
- Semantic Web
- List of content syndication markup languages
- History of web syndication technology
- Ellerman, Castedo (1997-03-10). "Channel Definition Format Submission 970309". W3.org. Retrieved 2011-07-08.
- "Microsoft Leads Industry to Standardize on Formats for Internet Push Channels; Submits Channel Definition Format Specification to W3C". Microsoft. 1997-03-12. Retrieved 2014-09-13.
- Kelly, Kevin; Gary Wolf (March 1997). "Push!". Wired 5 (03). Retrieved 2014-09-13.
- Introduction to Active Channel Technology
- How to Create Channel Definition Format (CDF) Files
- 1997 W3 Submission of Channel Definition Format