|Place of origin||Japan|
|Region or state||Okinawa Prefecture|
|Main ingredients||Tofu, vegetables|
Chanpurū (チャンプルー) is an Okinawan stir fry dish. It is considered the representative dish of Okinawan cuisine. Chanpurū generally consists of tofu combined with some kind of vegetable, meat, or fish. Luncheon meat (such as Spam or Danish Tulip), egg, moyashi (bean sprouts) and gōyā (bitter melon) are some other common ingredients. Spam is not typically used in mainland Japan; but it is more common in Okinawa due primarily to the historical influence of its introduction by the US Navy. Chanpurū is Okinawan for "something mixed" and the word is sometimes used to refer to the culture of Okinawa, as it can be seen as a mixture of traditional Okinawan, Chinese, mainland Japanese, Southeast Asian and North American culture. The term originates from the Malay or Indonesian word campur (pronounced "cham-poor"), meaning "mix".
Long a local specialty only found on Okinawa, chanpurū has in recent years, through television shows and increased interest in Okinawan culture, spread to many restaurants on mainland Japan.
Types of chanpurū
Tofu chanpurū is tofu stir-fried with vegetables and Spam, bacon, thinly sliced pork belly, or canned tuna. Unlike tofu from mainland Japan, Okinawan tofu is firm and does not fall apart when stir-fried. It is considered best form to crumble the tofu into the frying pan by hand, so as to avoid uniform cubes.
Fu chanpurū is made using fu, a kind of wheat gluten. It is stir-fried with vegetables and a meat as above.
- "ちゃんぷるー" [Chanpuru]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
- "ちゃんぷるー" [Chanpuru]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
- 岸 朝子（きし・あさこ）. "Chanpuru shokubunka" (in Japanese). doraku.asahi.com. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
- "Goya Chanpuru". About.com Japanese Food. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
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