Chantal Mouffe

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Chantal Mouffe
Chantal Mouffe 2013.jpg
Mouffe in 2013
Born (1943-06-17) 17 June 1943 (age 79)
Charleroi, Belgium
AwardsWestern philosophy
EraContemporary philosophy
Main interests
Political theory
Notable ideas
Criticism of deliberative democracy

Chantal Mouffe (French: [muf]; born 17 June 1943)[1] is a Belgian political theorist, formerly teaching at University of Westminster.[2]

She is best known for her contribution to the development—jointly with Ernesto Laclau, with whom she co-authored her most frequently cited publication Hegemony and Socialist Strategy—of the so-called Essex School of discourse analysis,[3][4] a type of post-Marxist political inquiry drawing on Gramsci, post-structuralism and theories of identity, and redefining Leftist politics in terms of radical democracy.[5] She is also the author of influential works on agonistic political theory, including Agonistics: Thinking the World Politically and The Democratic Paradox. Her most recent book is For a Left Populism, published in 2018.


Chantal Mouffe studied at the Universities of Leuven, Paris and Essex and has worked in many universities throughout the world (in Europe, North America and Latin America). She has also held visiting positions at Harvard, Cornell, Princeton and the CNRS (Paris). During 1989–1995, she served as Programme Director at the Collège international de philosophie in Paris. She currently holds a professorship at the Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Westminster in the United Kingdom, where she directs the Centre for the Study of Democracy.[2]


A prominent critic of deliberative democracy (especially in its Rawlsian and Habermasian versions), she is also known for her use of the work of Carl Schmitt, mainly the concept of "the political", in proposing a radicalization of modern democracy—what she calls "agonistic pluralism". She has developed an interest in highlighting the radical potential of artistic practices.[6] Mouffe's Agonistics: Thinking the World Politically (2013) has been criticised by Timothy Laurie for its strong focus on State institutions, noting that Mouffe's "professed enthusiasm for (some) non-Western Islamist movements is solely conditional upon their assumption of State instruments".[7]


  • (ed.) Gramsci and Marxist Theory. London – Boston: Routledge / Kegan Paul, 1979.
  • (with Ernesto Laclau) Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics. London – New York: Verso, 1985.
  • (ed.) Dimensions of Radical Democracy: Pluralism, Citizenship, Community. London – New York: Verso, 1992.
  • The Return of the Political. London – New York: Verso, 1993.
  • Le politique et ses enjeux. Pour une démocratie plurielle. Paris: La Découverte/MAUSS, 1994.
  • (ed.) Deconstruction and Pragmatism. London – New York: Routledge, 1996.
  • (ed.) The Challenge of Carl Schmitt. London – New York: Verso, 1999.
  • The Democratic Paradox. London – New York: Verso, 2000.
  • (ed.) Feministische Perspektiven. Wien: Turia + Kant, 2001.
  • (ed.) The legacy of Wittgenstein: Pragmatism or Deconstruction. Frankfurt am Main – New York: Peter Lang, 2001.
  • On the Political. Abingdon – New York: Routledge, 2005.
  • Hegemony, Radical Democracy, and the Political, edited by James Martin, London: Routledge, 2013.
  • Agonistics: Thinking The World Politically. London – New York: Verso, 2013.
  • Mouffe C, 1995 ‘Post-marxism: democracy and identity’, Environment and Planning D vol.13 pp. 259–266 ML: P305 E30.
  • (in conversation with Íñigo Errejón) Podemos: In the Name of the People (trans. Sirio Canos), London: Lawrence & Wishart, 2016.
  • For a Left Populism. London – New York: Verso, 2018.
  • Towards a Green Democratic Revolution. London - New York: Verso, 2022.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Mouffe, Chantal". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 July 2014. CIP t.p. (Chantal Mouffe) data sheet (b. 17 June 1943)
  2. ^ a b "Professor Chantal Mouffe". University of Westminster. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  3. ^ Townshend, Jules (21 June 2016). "Discourse Theory and Political Analysis: A New Paradigm from the Essex School?". The British Journal of Politics and International Relations. 5 (1): 129–142. doi:10.1111/1467-856X.00100. S2CID 146283536.
  4. ^ Townshend, Jules (24 June 2016). "Laclau and Mouffe's Hegemonic Project: The Story So Far". Political Studies. 52 (2): 269–288. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9248.2004.00479.x. S2CID 143928179.
  5. ^ "Chantal Mouffe". Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  6. ^ ”Mouffe, Chantal, “Artistic Strategies in Politics and Political Strategies in Art” in Tom Bieling (Ed.) (2019): Design (&) Activism: Perspectives on Design as Activism and Activism as Design, Milano: Mimesis, p. 53–57
  7. ^ Laurie, Timothy (2013). "Review: 'Agonistics: Thinking the World Politically'". Melbourne Journal of Politics. 36: 76–78.

Further reading[edit]

  • Anna Marie Smith, Laclau and Mouffe: The Radical Democratic Imaginary, London: Routledge, 1998.
  • David Howarth, Discourse, Milton Keynes: Open University Press, 2000.
  • Louise Philips and Marianne Jorgensen, Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method, London: Sage, 2002.
  • David Howarth, Aletta Norval and Yannis Stavrakakis (eds), Discourse Theory and Political Analysis, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2002.
  • Jacob Torfing, New Theories of Discourse: Laclau, Mouffe, Žižek, Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.
  • Society is Always Divided, interview with Digital Development Debates, 2015 March.