Chanthaburi Province

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Chanthaburi

จันทบุรี
011-เมืองจันทบุรี(เก่า).jpg
Flag of Chanthaburi
Flag
Official seal of Chanthaburi
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Mueang Chan
Map of Thailand highlighting Chanthaburi Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Chanthaburi Province
CountryThailand
CapitalChanthaburi
Government
 • GovernorWiturat Srinam (since 2016)
Area
 • Total6,338 km2 (2,447 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 33rd
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Total536,496
 • RankRanked 49th
 • Density84.6/km2 (219/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 57th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.5862 "average"
Ranked 38th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
22xxx
Calling code039
ISO 3166 codeTH-22

Chanthaburi (Thai: จันทบุรี, pronounced [t͡ɕān.tʰáʔ.bū.rīː]; Chong: จันกะบูย, chankabui,[4] lit: 'Lady Chan, Who wears a pan on her head'[5]) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. It is in the east of Thailand, on the border with Battambang and Pailin of Cambodia, on the shore of the Gulf of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are Trat in the east and Rayong, Chonburi, Chachoengsao, and Sa Kaeo to the west and north.

History[edit]

Tuek Dang Fort, built by French troops during the Paknam crisis

The indigenous people of the Chantaburi region are the Chong. The Chong have lived in the area since the Ayutthaya Kingdom, and are thought to have been early inhabitants of Cambodia, possibly pre-dating the Khmer. In Chantaburi Province, the Chong predominantly inhabit the districts of Khao Khitchakut, Pong Nam Ron, and Makham.[6]

After the Paknam crisis in 1893, French colonial troops occupied Chanthaburi, returning it in 1905 when Thailand gave up ownership of the western part of Cambodia. A significant minority of Chanthaburi citizens are native Vietnamese, who came there in three waves: first in the 19th century during anti-Catholic persecutions in Cochin China; a second wave in the 1920s to 1940s fleeing French Indochina; and a third wave after the communist victory in Vietnam in 1975.[citation needed] The town of Chanthaburi has been the seat of a Bishop of Chanthaburi since 1944.

Geography[edit]

Quiet street, Laem Sing District

While the southern part of the province is on the shore of the Gulf of Thailand and thus is mostly coastal alluvial plains, the interior of the province is mountainous. The Chanthaburi Mountains in the north has the highest elevation in the province, the 1,675 m high Soi Dao Nua Peak. The main river of the province is the Chanthaburi River.

Together with the neighboring province, Trat, Chanthaburi is a center of gemstone mining, especially rubies and sapphires.[citation needed] Tropical fruits are also among the main products of the province. In 2000, it produced nearly 380,000 tonnes of durian, which was 45.57 percent of Thailand's durian production, approximately 27 percent of the entire world's production.[7][8]

Within provincial boundaries lie three national parks: Namtok Phlio National Park,[9] Khao Khitchakut National Park,[10] and Khao Sip Ha Chan National Park.[11] The province is also home to the Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary.

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows the moon surrounded by an aura. Inside the moon disc is a rabbit, as in Thai folklore the dark areas on the moon (maria) form the shape of a rabbit. The seal symbolizes the peace and tranquility of the province. The moon also refers to the meaning of the province, "City of Moon", from Chantha- (Thai: จันท-, lit. 'moon') and buri (Thai: บุรี, lit. 'city').

The flag of the province also shows the seal in the middle, a white rabbit on a yellow moon disc, on a blue disc. The background of the flag is red, with the name of province in yellow written below the seal.[citation needed]

The provincial tree is Diospyros decandra. The provincial flower is an orchid.[citation needed]

The provincial slogan is "Magnificent waterfalls, fruit city, good breeding peppercorns, loads of gems, Chanthabun mat, fertile nature, gathering place of King Taksin the Great's Liberation Army".

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Chanthaburi with 10 districts

The province is divided into 10 districts (amphoes). These are further subdivided into 76 sub-districts (tambons) and 690 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Chanthaburi
  2. Khlung
  3. Tha Mai
  4. Pong Nam Ron
  5. Makham
  6. Laem Sing
  7. Soi Dao
  8. Kaeng Hang Maeo
  9. Na Yai Am
  10. Khao Khitchakut

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Route 3 (Sukhumvit Road) passes near Chanthaburi and connects to Rayong, Pattaya, Chonburi, and Bangkok to the northwest and Trat to the southeast. Route 317 connects Chanthaburi to Sa Kaeo.[citation needed]

Air[edit]

There is no airport in Chantaburi. The nearest airport is Trat Airport, 66 km from the center of Chanthaburi.

Human achievement index 2017[edit]

Index for the province Chanthaburi[3]
HAI indices Map Index Rank list
Health 2 0.5321 52nd
Education 3 0.4795 31st
Employment 4 0.7036 13th
Income 5 0.5853 21st
Housing and environment 6 0.7746 58th
Family and community life 7 0.5160 65th
Transport and communication 8 0.6604 14th
Participation 9 0.4382 67th
HAI 2017 1 0.5862 38th


Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]
Province Chanthaburi, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5862, takes the 38th place in the rankings. This is "average" between the values of 0.5792 and 0.5949.

Notes[edit]

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.[dead link]
  2. ^ "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b c ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 64–65. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 14 September 2019, Maps 1-9[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ องค์ บรรจุน. สยามหลากเผ่าหลายพันธุ์. กรุงเทพฯ: มติชน, 2553, หน้า 128 (in Thai)
  5. ^ ชอง จันทะบูย ฤาลมหายใจเฮือกสุดท้าย. OK Nation (in Thai). 19 October 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  6. ^ Pholdhampalit, Khetsirin (22 June 2019). "Chantaburi on the table". The Nation. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-03-16. Retrieved 2008-08-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-03-16. Retrieved 2008-08-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Namtok Phlio National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
  10. ^ "Khao Khitchakut National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
  11. ^ "Khao Sip Ha Chan National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 12°36′37″N 102°06′10″E / 12.61028°N 102.10278°E / 12.61028; 102.10278