Chantilly, Virginia

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Not to be confused with Chantilly, Oise.
Chantilly, Virginia
CDP
View east along U.S. Route 50 in Chantilly
View east along U.S. Route 50 in Chantilly
Location of Chantilly in Fairfax County, Virginia
Location of Chantilly in Fairfax County, Virginia
Coordinates: 38°52′30″N 77°24′9″W / 38.87500°N 77.40250°W / 38.87500; -77.40250Coordinates: 38°52′30″N 77°24′9″W / 38.87500°N 77.40250°W / 38.87500; -77.40250
Country United States
State Virginia
County Fairfax
Area
 • Total 10 sq mi (31.47 km2)
 • Land 10 sq mi (31.13 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.34 km2)
Elevation 322 ft (98 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 23,039
 • Density 1,917/sq mi (740.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 20151, 20152, 20153
Area code(s) 703, 571
FIPS code 51-14744[1]
GNIS feature ID 1495375[2]

Chantilly is a census-designated place (CDP) in western Fairfax County, Virginia, United States.[3][4] The population was 23,039 at the 2010 census.[5] Chantilly is named after an early-19th-century mansion and farm, which in turn took the name of an 18th-century plantation that was located in Westmoreland County, Virginia.[6] The name "Chantilly" originated in France with the Château de Chantilly,[7][8] about 25 miles north of Paris.

Chantilly VA Historical Marker.jpg

Located in the Northern Virginia portion of the Washington metropolitan area, Chantilly sits approximately 25 miles (40 km) west of Washington, D.C., via Interstate 66 and U.S. Route 50. It is located between Centreville to the south, Herndon and Reston to the north and northeast, respectively, and Fairfax 7 miles (11 km) to the southeast. U.S. Route 50 and Virginia State Route 28 intersect in Chantilly, and these highways provide access to the Dulles/Reston/Tysons Corner technology corridor and other major employment centers in Northern Virginia and Washington, D.C.

History[edit]

FallHouse.JPG
Sully Plantation (Sully Historic Site) Main House
The Stone House. The only building of the former Chantilly Plantation (not to be confused with the Sully Plantation) that still exists today. It is located on the north side of Route 50, across from the Greenbriar Shopping Center. Historical evidence strongly suggests the Stone House was an overseer's quarters before the Civil War, and became a tavern later.

Chantilly was home to a number of colonial plantations in the 1700s, including the Sully Plantation (now the Sully Historic Site) built by Richard Bland Lee I. Other plantations included George Richard Lee Turberville's "Leeton Grove"[9] (originally a 5,000+ acre plantation, the main house of which still stands at 4619 Walney Rd.), the John Hutchison Farm, and the Chantilly Plantation, after which Chantilly is named. Cornelia Lee Turberville Stuart, who was born at Leeton and was the daughter of George Richard Lee Turberville and Henrietta Lee, inherited a portion of Leeton in 1817 from her father. Stuart and her husband Charles Calvert Stuart, whom she had married in 1816, constructed the Chantilly Plantation and named it after the Westmoreland County plantation owned by her grandfather, Richard Henry Lee, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. During the Civil War, federal troops destroyed by fire the Chantilly Plantation manor house. One building remains, a stone house across Route 50 from the Greenbriar Shopping Center. While it is not clear what this stone house was used for, most historical evidence suggests it was probably a plantation overseer's quarters during the antebellum period, and a tavern or boarding house following the war. After the war, Cornelia Stuart, who had become deeply in debt, sold her 1,064-acre (431 ha) Chantilly estate. The advertisement for the sale referenced several "tenements", one of which was the Stone House.

The village grew during the 19th century, particularly following the construction of the Little River Turnpike to Winchester.

The evolution of the Chantilly area into an outer suburb of Washington, D.C., gained momentum after 1980, as developers built residential subdivisions and commercial areas, filling in the farmland south of Dulles Airport.

Civil War[edit]

During the American Civil War on September 1, 1862, the Battle of Chantilly (or Ox Hill) was fought nearby. Following his victory at the Second Battle of Bull Run (or Second Manassas), Confederate General Robert E. Lee directed Major General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson to cross Bull Run on August 31 and sweep around the position of Major General John Pope's Union Army of Virginia at Centreville. Reaching the Little River Turnpike (now U.S. Route 50) northwest of Centreville, Jackson turned southeastward toward Fairfax Court House (now the city of Fairfax) to strike in rear of Pope's army.

During September 1, Pope, apprised of Jackson's movement, began to withdraw toward Fairfax Court House. Late in the day, Jackson clashed with Union forces under Brigadier General Isaac Stevens and Major General Philip Kearny near Ox Hill, west of Fairfax. During the ensuing battle, which was fought amid a raging storm, both Union generals Stevens and Kearny were killed. The fighting ended at dusk, and Pope's army continued its withdrawal to Fairfax and subsequently to the Washington defenses.

Although commercial and residential development now covers most of the Chantilly (Ox Hill) battlefield, a small county park preserves a 5-acre (20,000 m2) portion of the battle site.

During the Civil War, Chantilly stretched to the intersection of West Ox Road and Monument Drive, shown in this original map of the Battle of Chantilly at the "GAP" between the two railroad grades to the immediate southeast of "A.P. Hill"

Geography[edit]

Chantilly is located in western Fairfax County at 38°53′39″N 77°25′52″W / 38.89417°N 77.43111°W / 38.89417; -77.43111 (38.894146, −77.431407).[10] It is bordered to the west by the South Riding CDP in Loudoun County, to the north by Washington Dulles International Airport, to the northeast by the Franklin Farm CDP, to the east by the Greenbriar CDP, and to the south by Centreville. To the southwest is Schneider Crossroads, not part of any census-designated area.

The present center of Chantilly is located around the intersection of U.S. Route 50 (Lee Jackson Memorial Highway) and Virginia Route 28 (Sully Road).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 12.2 square miles (31.5 km2), of which 12.0 square miles (31.1 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 1.07%, is water.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 12,259
1990 29,337 139.3%
2000 41,041 39.9%
2010 23,039 −43.9%
source:[12]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 41,041 people, 14,840 households, and 10,521 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,519.4 people per square mile (1,359.0/km²). There were 15,173 housing units at an average density of 1,301.1/sq mi (502.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 73.34% White, 4.99% African American, 0.29% Native American, 16.36% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.01% from other races, and 2.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.87% of the population.

There were 14,840 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 38.4% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 4.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $87,991, and the median income for a family was $98,202. Males had a median income of $61,954 versus $41,608 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $36,200. About 1.3% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The American Registry for Internet Numbers is headquartered in an unincorporated area by Washington Dulles International Airport, near Chantilly.[13][14][15]

At one time, Compass Airlines was headquartered near Chantilly, in an unincorporated area. The headquarters was relocated to Minnesota in late 2009.[16][17][18]

Notable local organizations[edit]

  • Ellanor C. Lawrence Park – Along Route 28 between Chantilly and Centreville, the park houses athletic fields—including soccer, baseball, and softball fields, trails, and fitness stations. Coyote sitings have been reported within the park.[19]
The Walney Visitor Center at Ellanor C. Lawrence Park
  • The Westfields Marriott in Chantilly hosted the annual Bilderberg summit in 2002,[23] 2008 and 2012,[24] which inspired protests.[25]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Residents of the CDP go to Fairfax County Public Schools.

Elementary schools within the CDP include Brookfield Elementary School, Greenbriar East Elementary School, Greenbriar West Elementary School, Lees Corner Elementary School, Navy Elementary School, and Poplar Tree Elementary School.[14]

Rocky Run Middle School, Franklin Middle School, and Chantilly High School are located within the CDP. Westfield High School is a large high school located outside of the CDP.[14]

St. Timothy School and St. Veronica School, private Catholic schools, are located in the CDP.[14]

Public libraries[edit]

Fairfax County Public Library operates the Chantilly Regional Library in the CDP.[14][26]

Governance[edit]

Chantilly is part of Sully District in Fairfax County and is governed by the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors. The current supervisor for Sully District is Kathy Smith.[27]

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Chantilly is served by The CentreView.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Chantilly CDP". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Chantilly CDP, VA" (PDF). City Data. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  5. ^ "Chantilly CDP, Virginia". US Census. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "Fairfax County History Commission Historical Roadside Marker - Chantilly". Fairfax County Government. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  7. ^ Hagemann, James A. (1988) The Heritage of Virginia: The Story of Place Names in the Old Dominion. The Donning Co., 297 p.
  8. ^ "Fairfax County Historical Roadside Marker - Chantilly". Fairfax County Government. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  9. ^ "George Richard Lee Turberville". Fairfax County Cemetery Preservation Association. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Chantilly CDP, Virginia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 22, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17. 
  13. ^ "Contact Us." American Registry for Internet Numbers. Retrieved on September 16, 2009.
  14. ^ a b c d e "Chantilly CDP, Virginia." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 16, 2009.
  15. ^ "ARIN Upgrades IPv6 Network Services With Dual Stack GigE Internet Access From NTT America." Red Orbit. Tuesday September 2, 2008. Retrieved on September 16, 2009.
  16. ^ "About Us." Compass Airlines. Retrieved on February 28, 2010.
  17. ^ "About Us." Compass Airlines. Retrieved on September 26, 2009.
  18. ^ "Chantilly CDP, Virginia." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 26, 2009.
  19. ^ "Naturalist: Coyotes breeding in Fairfax Co. park". WTOP Radio. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  20. ^ "National Reconnaissance Office". The Washington Post. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  21. ^ Intelligence Agencies Must Operate More Like an Enterprise
  22. ^ "The Evolving Role of the NRO". Federation of American Scientists. 
  23. ^ http://www.bilderbergmeetings.org/conferences.html
  24. ^ "Occupy Bilderberg faces off with secretive gathering". RT. 1 June 2012. 
  25. ^ Devereaux, Ryan. "Tea Party and Occupy activists rub shoulders at Bilderberg protest". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Ltd. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  26. ^ "Library Branches." Fairfax County Public Library. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.
  27. ^ "Sully District". Fairfax County, Virginia. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 

External links[edit]