Chapayevsk

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Chapayevsk

Чапаевск
Flag of Chapayevsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Chapayevsk
Coat of arms
Location of Chapayevsk
Chapayevsk is located in Russia
Chapayevsk
Chapayevsk
Location of Chapayevsk
Chapayevsk is located in Samara Oblast
Chapayevsk
Chapayevsk
Chapayevsk (Samara Oblast)
Coordinates: 52°59′N 49°43′E / 52.983°N 49.717°E / 52.983; 49.717Coordinates: 52°59′N 49°43′E / 52.983°N 49.717°E / 52.983; 49.717
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSamara Oblast[1]
Area
 • Total187.5 km2 (72.4 sq mi)
Elevation
50 m (160 ft)
Population
 • Total72,689
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
72,778 (+0.1%)
 • Rank217th in 2010
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 • Subordinated totown of oblast significance of Chapayevsk[1]
 • Capital oftown of oblast significance of Chapayevsk[1]
 • Urban okrugChapayevsk Urban Okrug[4]
 • Capital ofChapayevsk Urban Okrug[4]
Time zoneUTC+4 (MSK+1 Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
446100–446116Edit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID36750000001

Chapayevsk (Russian: Чапа́евск) is a town in Samara Oblast, Russia, located 40 kilometers (25 mi) from the city of Samara, on the right bank of the Chapayevka River (a tributary of the Volga River). Population: 72,692 (2010 Census);[2] 73,912 (2002 Census);[7] 97,984 (1989 Census).[8]

It was previously known as Ivashchenkovo (until 1927), Trotsk (until 1927).

History[edit]

The Church of Saint Sergiy Radonezhsky

The town's history dates back to 1909 when by Nicholas II's decree a military plant was established in the area.[citation needed] In 1929, the settlement was renamed Chapayevsk after the celebrated Red Army commander Vasily Chapayev. The town served as a base for secret military production, hosting four such factories until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

On June 18, 2013, several strong explosions rocked the town and several villages around; 5,000 people were evacuated.[citation needed] According to Russian media, at least 34 people where injured in the explosions that originated in the town's ammunition storage facilities.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with one rural locality, incorporated as the town of oblast significance of Chapayevsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of oblast significance of Chapayevsk is incorporated as Chapayevsk Urban Okrug.[4]

Ecology[edit]

Chapayevsk is known as the "town of death" due to the high amount of toxins present in the environment. According to doctors, more than 80% of children suffer from chronic diseases. Since 1991, the birthrate in the city decreased by 40%. In the women's breast milk dioxin was found at 400 times above the normal level. In 1994, a special committee of the United Nations, after much research announced the town of Chapayevsk as an ecological disaster zone.[9]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Charter of Samara Oblast
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Law #189-GD
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. ^ http://u-f.ru/Article/proisshestviya/640510

Sources[edit]

  • Самарская Губернская Дума. №179-ГД 18 декабря 2006 г. «Устав Самарской области», в ред. Закона №6-ГД от 11 января 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Устав Самарской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2007 г. Опубликован: "Волжская коммуна", №237 (25790), 20 декабря 2006 г. (Samara Governorate Duma. #179-GD December 18, 2006 Charter of Samara Oblast, as amended by the Law #6-GD of January 11, 2016 On Amending the Charter of Samara Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2007.).
  • Самарская Губернская Дума. Закон №189-ГД от 28 декабря 2004 г. «О наделении статусом городского округа и муниципального района муниципальных образований в Самарской области», в ред. Закона №23-ГД от 30 марта 2015 г. «Об осуществлении местного самоуправления на территории городского округа Самара Самарской области». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волжская коммуна", №247, 31 декабря 2004 г. (Samara Governorate Duma. Law #189-GD of December 28, 2004 On Granting the Status of Urban Okrug and Municipal District to the Municipal Formations in Samara Oblast, as amended by the Law #23-GD of March 30, 2015 On the Implementation of Local Self-Government on the Territory of Samara Urban Okrug of Samara Oblast. Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]