From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chapayevsk (English)
Чапаевск (Russian)
-  Town  -
Map of Russia - Samara Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Samara Oblast in Russia
Chapayevsk is located in Samara Oblast
Location of Chapayevsk in Samara Oblast
Coordinates: 52°59′N 49°43′E / 52.983°N 49.717°E / 52.983; 49.717Coordinates: 52°59′N 49°43′E / 52.983°N 49.717°E / 52.983; 49.717
Coat of Arms of Chapaevsk (Samara oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of December 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Samara Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of oblast significance of Chapayevsk[1]
Administrative center of town of oblast significance of Chapayevsk[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2004)
Urban okrug Chapayevsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Chapayevsk Urban Okrug[2]
Population (2010 Census) 72,689 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 217th
Time zone SAMT (UTC+04:00)[4]
Previous names Ivashchenkovo (until 1927),[citation needed]
Trotsk (until 1927)[citation needed]
Chapayevsk on Wikimedia Commons

Chapayevsk (Russian: Чапа́евск) is a town in Samara Oblast, Russia, located 40 kilometers (25 mi) from the city of Samara, on the right bank of the Chapayevka River (a tributary of the Volga River). Population: 72,692 (2010 Census);[3] 73,912 (2002 Census);[5] 97,984 (1989 Census).[6]


The Church of Saint Sergiy Radonezhsky

The town's history dates back to 1909 when by Nicholas II's decree a military plant was established in the area.[citation needed] In 1929, the settlement was renamed Chapayevsk after the celebrated Red Army commander Vasily Chapayev. The town served as a base for secret military production, hosting four such factories until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

On June 18, 2013, several strong explosions rocked the town and several villages around; 5,000 people were evacuated.[citation needed] According to Russian media, at least 34 people where injured in the explosions that originated in the town's ammunition storage facilities.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with one rural locality, incorporated as the town of oblast significance of Chapayevsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of oblast significance of Chapayevsk is incorporated as Chapayevsk Urban Okrug.[2]


Chapayevsk is known as the "town of death" due to the high amount of toxins present in the environment. According to doctors, more than 80% of children suffer from chronic diseases. Since 1991, the birthrate in the city decreased by 40%. In the women's breast milk dioxin was found at 400 times above the normal level. In 1994, a special committee of the United Nations, after much research announced the town of Chapayevsk as an ecological disaster zone.[7]



  1. ^ a b c d Charter of Samara Oblast
  2. ^ a b c Law #189-GD
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^


  • Самарская Губернская Дума. №179-ГД 18 декабря 2006 г. «Устав Самарской области», в ред. Закона №6-ГД от 11 января 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Устав Самарской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2007 г. Опубликован: "Волжская коммуна", №237 (25790), 20 декабря 2006 г. (Samara Governorate Duma. #179-GD December 18, 2006 Charter of Samara Oblast, as amended by the Law #6-GD of January 11, 2016 On Amending the Charter of Samara Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2007.).
  • Самарская Губернская Дума. Закон №189-ГД от 28 декабря 2004 г. «О наделении статусом городского округа и муниципального района муниципальных образований в Самарской области», в ред. Закона №23-ГД от 30 марта 2015 г. «Об осуществлении местного самоуправления на территории городского округа Самара Самарской области». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волжская коммуна", №247, 31 декабря 2004 г. (Samara Governorate Duma. Law #189-GD of December 28, 2004 On Granting the Status of Urban Okrug and Municipal District to the Municipal Formations in Samara Oblast, as amended by the Law #23-GD of March 30, 2015 On the Implementation of Local Self-Government on the Territory of Samara Urban Okrug of Samara Oblast. Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]