Chapecó

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Chapecó
Chapeco01.png
Flag of Chapecó
Flag
Official seal of Chapecó
Seal
Nickname(s): Capital do Oeste (Capital of the West)
Location of Chapecó
Location of Chapecó
Country Brazil Brazil
Region South
State Santa Catarina (state) Santa Catarina
Founded August 25, 1917
Government
 • Mayor Luciano José Buligon (PSB)
Area
 • City 624,308 km2 (241,047 sq mi)
 • Urban 113.24 km2 (43.72 sq mi)
 • Metro 4,938.15 km2 (1,906.63 sq mi)
Elevation 674 m (2,211 ft)
Population (2015)(metro pop IBGE/2010)
 • City 205,795
 • Density 329.64/km2 (853.8/sq mi)
 • Urban 188,998
 • Metro 403,458
 • Metro density 81.7/km2 (212/sq mi)
  IBGE
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000) 0.834
Website www.chapeco.sc.gov.br

Chapecó is a major city in the western area of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, located 630 km west of Florianópolis, the state capital.

As of 2015, it has a population of around 205,795 inhabitants. The city itself has an area of 625 km².[1]

History[edit]

Until 19th Century, Chapecó land was under indigenous (mainly Kaingang) and Spanish domain, mostly unoccupied by European people and subject to border issues and armed conflicts. Brazilian domain was in fact established as a military colony in 1882. Its official status as a municipality was established by state government decree after Contestado War in August 25, 1917. Its area was then given to a private colonization company[2] which began selling land to people coming mainly from the neighboring state of Rio Grande do Sul.[3] Most of its inhabitants descend of Italian, German and Polish immigrants.

Demography[edit]

Chapecó itself has a population of over 200 thousand inhabitants and its metropolitan area, approximately 400 thousand.[4] It is the hub city of Western Santa Catarina, where there are about two hundred municipalities, summing together more than 2 million inhabitants.

Economy[edit]

This region of the state is home of some of the largest meat processing and exporting industrial enterprises such as Sadia, Seara Foods and the farmers are organized in agricultural cooperatives. Chapecó is known as a Brazilian agro-industrial capital, specialized in pork, poultry and technology involved.[5] The city is headquarters of Aurora Central Cooperative and has a plant of BRF S.A. since 1973.

Other major economic sectors are metal mechanics specialized in equipment for slaughterhouses and transportation, plastics and packaging, furniture, beverages, software development and biotechnology. Civil construction and trade are also important source of income.

Chapecó is served by Serafin Enoss Bertaso Airport.

Other[edit]

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Chapecó.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°05′45″S 52°37′04″W / 27.09583°S 52.61778°W / -27.09583; -52.61778