Chapel of Love

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"Chapel of Love"
Single by The Dixie Cups
from the album Chapel of Love
B-side"Ain't That Nice"
ReleasedApril 1964
RecordedFebruary 1964
GenrePop, R&B, soul
Length2:45
LabelRed Bird
Songwriter(s)Jeff Barry, Ellie Greenwich and Phil Spector
Producer(s)Jerry Leiber, Mike Stoller, Ellie Greenwich and Jeff Barry
The Dixie Cups singles chronology
"Chapel of Love"
(1964)
"People Say"
(1964)

"Chapel of Love" is a song written by Jeff Barry, Ellie Greenwich and Phil Spector, and made famous by The Dixie Cups in 1964, spending three weeks at number one on the Billboard Hot 100.[1] The song tells of the happiness and excitement the narrator feels on her wedding day, for she and her love are going to the "chapel of love", and "we'll never be lonely anymore." Many other artists have recorded the song.

It was originally recorded by Darlene Love in April 1963, but her version was not released until 1991. The Dixie Cups' version was the debut release of the new Red Bird Records run by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller along with George Goldner.[2] The Ronettes included the song on their debut album released in November 1964 with production by Phil Spector. In 1973, singer and actress Bette Midler had a moderate hit with a cover of "Chapel of Love".

The Dixie Cups version[edit]

Background[edit]

The song was written in 1963 by Jeff Barry and Ellie Greenwich, who had themselves recently married; Barry later said that "the concept of marriage was very much in my head" at the time. It was written for Darlene Love to record, but producer Phil Spector was dissatisfied with her version and it was not released for some years.[3]

The Mel-Tones – a group of three young women from New Orleans, Barbara Ann Hawkins, Rosa Lee Hawkins, and Joan Marie Johnson – had traveled to New York City with their manager Joe Jones to attempt to get a record deal. They were given the song "Chapel of Love" to sing, and passed an audition with Leiber and Stoller in the Brill Building. The group rehearsed the song with Barry and Greenwich before recording it. The arrangement was by Wardell Quezergue, and Leiber and Stoller added lyrics and some touches to the arrangements. Leiber and Stoller then decided to issue the record as the first release on their own new record label, Red Bird, and changed the group's name to The Dixie Cups.[3]

The definitive version of "Chapel of Love" by The Dixie Cups was released as a single in April 1964.[2] Sung by Barbara Ann Hawkins, Rosa Lee Hawkins, and Joan Marie Johnson, this version was the group's first single taken from their debut studio album Chapel of Love.[4] The song was arranged by Joe Jones and produced by Jerry Leiber, Mike Stoller, Ellie Greenwich, and Jeff Barry.[5] It charted at number one on June 6, 1964 on the Billboard Hot 100 knocking The Beatles out of the number one spot and remained at the top for three weeks.[5] The song also peaked at number 22 on the UK Singles Chart[6] and hit number one in Canada on the RPM Chart.[7] The "Chapel of Love" version by The Dixie Cups sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc.[8] The song was later included on the soundtrack to films ranging from Full Metal Jacket to Father of the Bride.[9] The hit single recorded by The Dixie Cups was ranked No. 279 on Rolling Stone's list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time, being the group's only song on the list.[10] Billboard named the song No. 33 on their list of 100 Greatest Girl Group Songs of All Time.[11]

Chart performance[edit]

Chart (1964) Peak
position
U.S. Billboard Hot 100[1] 1
UK Singles Chart[6] 22
Canada RPM[7] 1

Bette Midler version[edit]

Background[edit]

American singer and actress Bette Midler recorded a cover version of "Chapel of Love" for her 1972 debut studio album, The Divine Miss M. The track was produced and arranged by Barry Manilow. The following year, Midler included her version as the B-side of her number 40 pop single, "Friends" (the single charted on the Billboard Hot 100 as a double A-side). The version included on the single release is a radically remixed version, with added horns and strings, and this version remained unreleased on any format other than the 45rpm until it was included as a bonus track on the 2016 remastered edition of The Divine Miss M. Midler's single of "Chapel of Love" was issued on Atlantic Records.

Chart performance[edit]

Chart (1973) Peak
position
U.S. Billboard Hot 100 40

The Beach Boys version[edit]

"Chapel of Love"
Song by The Beach Boys
from the album 15 Big Ones
ReleasedJuly 5, 1976 (1976-07-05)
Recorded1976
Length2:34
Songwriter(s)Jeff Barry, Ellie Greenwich and Phil Spector
Producer(s)Brian Wilson

Background[edit]

A cover by the American rock group, The Beach Boys was released on their 1976 album, 15 Big Ones.

Personnel[edit]

Other versions[edit]

  • The Blossoms were the first to record a version of the song in 1963 but it was never released as a single.
  • The Ronettes covered the song as the last track for their Philles debut studio album, Presenting the Fabulous Ronettes Featuring Veronica, released in November 1964 and produced by Phil Spector.
  • In 1965 Venezuelan singer Mirla Castellanos released a version in Spanish of this song called "Vete con ella" ("Go with her"), which appeared on her album Imprevú. Notice that here the song uses the music of the original version but lyrics were changed, talking about missed love. This version was also released, in 1965, by the Spanish singer Mayté Gaos in Mexico (where she was living at that time) and, in 1988, the Mexican pop singer Lucero recorded this same version for her fifth studio album Lucerito.
  • The song was covered by Elton John for the soundtrack of Four Weddings and a Funeral in 1994.
  • In 1972, Jamaican reggae-artist Lorna Bennet released her own version which also appeared on the compilation LP "Trojan Sisters", issued that same year by Trojan Records.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Whitburn, Joel (2009). Top Pop Singles 1955-2008 (12th ed.). Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. p. 282.
  2. ^ a b Betrock, Alan (1982). Girl Groups The Story of a Sound (1st ed.). New York: Delilah Books. pgs. 90-94. ISBN 0-933328-25-7
  3. ^ a b Myers, Marc (2016). Anatomy of a Song. Grove Press. pp. 35–39. ISBN 978-1-61185-525-8.
  4. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1996). Top Pop Albums 1955-1996 (4th ed.). Hal Leonard Publishing Corporation. p. 222. ISBN 0-89820-117-9.
  5. ^ a b Bronson, Fred (2003). The Billboard Book of Number One Hits: The Inside Story Behind Every Number One Single on Billboard's Hot 100 from 1955 to the Present (5th ed.). Billboard Books. p. 149. ISBN 0-8230-7677-6.
  6. ^ a b Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 158. ISBN 1-904994-10-5
  7. ^ a b "Top Forty-5's". RPM. 22 June 1964. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017.
  8. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. pp. 173–174. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
  9. ^ Chokshi, Niraj (2016-10-08). "Joan Marie Johnson, of the Singing Trio the Dixie Cups, Dies at 72". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-10-08.
  10. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2008). Presents Across The Charts: The 1960s (1st ed.). Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. p.119.
  11. ^ "100 Greatest Girl Group Songs of All Time: Critics' Picks". Billboard. Retrieved July 11, 2017.

External links[edit]