Chapel of the Milk Grotto

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Chapel of the Milk Grotto
Grotto of Our Lady; Milk Grotto
Arabic: مغارةآلسثئ
Hebrew: מערת החלב
A Churches in Bethlehem3.jpg
Chapel of the Milk Grotto
Chapel of the Milk Grotto is located in the West Bank
Chapel of the Milk Grotto
Chapel of the Milk Grotto
Chapel of the Milk Grotto is located in the Palestinian territories
Chapel of the Milk Grotto
Chapel of the Milk Grotto
31°42′12.4″N 35°12′31.6″E / 31.703444°N 35.208778°E / 31.703444; 35.208778Coordinates: 31°42′12.4″N 35°12′31.6″E / 31.703444°N 35.208778°E / 31.703444; 35.208778
LocationBethlehem
Country Palestine
DenominationCatholic Church
Architecture
Completed1872
Administration
ProvinceCustody of the Holy Land
Clergy
Priest in chargeOrder of the Friars Minor

The Chapel of the Milk Grotto (Latin: Crypta lactea, Arabic: مغارةآلسثئ‎, Hebrew: מערת החלב‎) also called Grotto of Our Lady or Milk Grotto, is a Catholic chapel in Bethlehem in the West Bank of the Palestinian Territories, erected in 1872.[1][2][3][4] Since ancient times, the place has been a center of Christian pilgrimage, maintained since its last erection together with its Marian shrine and monastery by the Custody of the Holy Land of the Order of the Friars Minor of the Catholic Church in Palestine. The Status Quo, a 250-year old understanding between religious communities, applies to the site.[5][6]

History[edit]

The current Catholic chapel was built in 1872 on the site of a former Byzantine church from around the 5th century, of which only part of the mosaic floor remains.

Significance[edit]

Christian tradition says is the place where the Holy Family found refuge during the Massacre of the Innocents, before they could flee to Egypt. The name is derived from the story that a "drop of milk" of the Virgin Mary fell on the floor of the cave and changed its colour to white.[7]

The space, which contains three different caves, is visited by some in hope of healing infertile couples,[8] the shrine allegedly being a place where prayers for children are miraculously answered.[9]

Monastery of the Perpetual Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament[edit]

A monastery of the Sisters of Perpetual Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament is attached to the chapel. The red-and-white clad nuns practice perpetual Eucharistic adoration, and are also uninterruptedly praying for peace since 2016, when a 'Queen of Peace' tabernacle[10] was installed in their Eucharistic Adoration Chapel.[11][12] The Polish artist Mariusz Drapikowski explains his work as inspired by the Apocalypse of St John: the closed tabernacle depicts earthly Jerusalem, with the twelve Apostles and the twelve Tribes of Israel surrounding the image of Jesus on the cross, while the open shrine is representing the heavenly Jerusalem, brightly shining and flanked by two olive trees which symbolise the witnesses of the Apocalipse.[11] Their branches are filled with a variety of different crosses, symbolising the various Christian professions emerging from the common trunk of Christianity.[11] At the centre of the open shrine stands the monstrance showing a Madonna holding in her hands the Eucharistic Christ, depicted as a large host.[13]

The tabernacle was donated by the Polish community 'Queen of Peace'[14] to the Franciscan Custody of the Holy Land.[11] It was originally designed for the Fourth Station of the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem, but was eventually moved to the Sisters of Perpetual Adoration at the Milk Grotto in 2016, because they were better prepared to ensure the continuous prayer for peace.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ «La Gruta de la Leche en Belén» (Spanish)
  2. ^ Kohn, Michael (2007-01-01). Israel & the Palestinian Territories. Lonely Planet. ISBN 9781864502770.
  3. ^ Kirk, Martha Ann (2004-01-01). Women of Bible Lands: A Pilgrimage to Compassion and Wisdom. Liturgical Press. ISBN 9780814651568.
  4. ^ Korb, Scott (2010-03-18). Life in Year One: What the World Was Like in First-Century Palestine. Penguin. ISBN 9781101186015.
  5. ^ UN Conciliation Commission (1949). United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine Working Paper on the Holy Places.
  6. ^ Cust, L. G. A. (1929). The Status Quo in the Holy Places. H.M.S.O. for the High Commissioner of the Government of Palestine.
  7. ^ Ham, Anthony; Barbarani, Sofia; Lee, Jessica; Maxwell, Virginia; Robinson, Daniel; Sattin, Anthony; Symington, Andy; Walker, Jenny (2015-08-01). Lonely Planet Middle East. Lonely Planet. ISBN 9781743609637.
  8. ^ http://www.ncregister.com/site/article/the_milk_grotto_church_heals_infertile_couples
  9. ^ Serving the needy among the communities of Bethlehem, Custodia Terra Sanctae, 8 January 2017, accessed 19 December 2018
  10. ^ Polish Wikipedia article on Mariusz Drapikowski's "Jerusalem Triptych"
  11. ^ a b c d e In the Milk Grotto, a shrine for peace, Christian Media Center - Custodia Terra Sanctae, 9 March 2016, accessed 19 December 2018
  12. ^ In the Milk Grotto, a shrine for peace, 14 March 2016, accessed 19 December 2018
  13. ^ Mariusz Drapikowski (2008). "The heavenly Jerusalem". Niewiasta z Jeruzalem – Królowa Pokoju ("Woman of Jerusalem: Queen of Peace" [see https://www.bn.org.pl/download/document/1309878144.pdf]). Pelplin: Bernardinum. pp. 99–107. ISBN 978-83-7380-648-1. External link in |title= (help)
  14. ^ Homepage of the Regina Pacis community
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