Chapel of the Three Kings of Cologne

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Chapel of the Three Kings of Cologne
Three Kings of Cologne Dec09.jpg
Chapel of the Three Kings of Cologne is located in Bristol
Chapel of the Three Kings of Cologne
Location within Bristol
General information
Town or city Bristol
Country England
Coordinates 51°27′22″N 2°35′50″W / 51.456121°N 2.597164°W / 51.456121; -2.597164
Completed 1504

The Chapel of the Three Kings of Cologne is a church in Colston Street, near the top of Christmas Steps, Bristol, England. It has been designated as a Grade II* listed building.[1][2]

The Three Kings of Cologne refers to the Biblical Magi. The dedication is a reference to the Chapel of the Three Kings in Cologne Cathedral.[3][4] One of the windows shows the nativity of Jesus, which may have contributed to the naming of the Christmas Steps.[5][6]

The chapel was built by John Foster in 1504. He was the local High Sheriff, mayor and member of parliament for the city.[7] The church serves as the chapel for Foster's Almshouses.[8] The master of the almshouses was responsible for the maintenance of the chapel and appointing a priest.[9]

It was refaced and roofed in 1861 by Foster and Wood, with further restoration in 1865 which included niches for the installation of carvings.[3][8] The three current statues were designed by Ernest Pascoe and installed in the 1960s.[10][11] On the gable above the statues is a small bellcote.[2]

Current Use[edit]

As of 2007 the adjoining Foster's Almshouses have been remodeled into private residences, with the chapel available for the use of Residents.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chapel of the Three Kings of Cologne". Images of England. Retrieved 2007-05-28. 
  2. ^ a b "Chapel of the Three Kings of Cologne". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Chapel of the Three Kings of Cologne, Colston Street, Bristol". Historic England. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  4. ^ Flaneur, B. "The Three Kings of Cologne Chapel, The John Foster Almshouse, Bristol". The Antics Roadshow blog. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "Christmas Steps: Ghosts, myths and fish ‘n’ chips". BBC. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "Christmas Steps How did iconic street get its festive name?". Bristol Post. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  7. ^ Mountney, Hugh (2003). The Three Holy Kings of Cologne: How They Journeyed from Persia to Cologne and Their Veneration in England. Gracewing. p. 7. ISBN 9780852444078. 
  8. ^ a b Brace, Keith (1976). Portrait of Bristol. London: Robert Hale. ISBN 0-7091-5435-6. 
  9. ^ Ross, Charles Derek (1959). Cartulary of St. Mark's Hospital, Bristol, Volume 21. Bristol Record Society. pp. 287–288. 
  10. ^ Foyle, Andrew (2004). Bristol (Pevsner Architectural Guides: City Guides). Yale University Press. p. 132. ISBN 978-0300104424. 
  11. ^ "Beyond The Walls Three Kings of Cologne". About Bristol. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 

See also[edit]