Chapman, Pennsylvania

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Chapman, Pennsylvania
Borough
Main Street in Chapman
Main Street in Chapman
Location of Chapman in Northampton County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Chapman in Northampton County, Pennsylvania.
Chapman is located in Pennsylvania
Chapman
Chapman
Location of Chapman in Pennsylvania
Chapman is located in the US
Chapman
Chapman
Chapman (the US)
Coordinates: 40°45′42″N 75°24′15″W / 40.76167°N 75.40417°W / 40.76167; -75.40417Coordinates: 40°45′42″N 75°24′15″W / 40.76167°N 75.40417°W / 40.76167; -75.40417
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyNorthampton
Government
 • MayorDana Ackerman
Area
 • Total0.36 sq mi (0.93 km2)
 • Land0.33 sq mi (0.85 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation
705 ft (215 m)
Population
 • Total199
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
209
 • Density633.33/sq mi (244.86/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
18014
Area code(s)610 and 484
FIPS code42-12656

Chapman is a borough in Northampton County, Pennsylvania, United States. Chapman is located in the Lehigh Valley region of the state.

The population of Chapman was 199 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Chapman was named for William Chapman, who owned slate quarries there.[3] William Chapman was from Cornwall England although he was born in 1816 in Mt. Tonenshau in Brussels where his mother had gone to nurse his father after being severely injured in the Battle of Waterloo. At the age of seven William started working in the Delabole slate quarries in Cornwall, where his father worked. At the age of 26 Chapman emigrated to the United States, where he leased property in Northampton County which he later purchased and began the Chapman Slate Company. While the quarries were originally opened in 1850, The company itself was officially incorporated by a special act of the Legislature of Pennsylvania in 1864 with a capital stock of $300,000.[4]

The Quarry itself grew to a considerable size measuring from 700 to 800 feet along a longitudinal joint and was about 200 feet wide and 300 feet deep.

A Birdseye view of Chapman's Quarries

Chapman died in Bethlehem, PA in 1903 at the age of 86.

Geography[edit]

Chapman is located at 40°45′42″N 75°24′15″W / 40.76167°N 75.40417°W / 40.76167; -75.40417 (40.761567, -75.404270).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), of which, 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it is land and 0.0% is water. It is drained by the Monocacy Creek into the Lehigh River. It is surrounded by Moore Township and Route 987 follows its western boundary on its way between Klecknersville and Bath as Monocacy Drive. Its other primary two streets are east-to-west Fifth Street and north-to-south Main Street.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870388
1880382−1.5%
18903922.6%
1900319−18.6%
1910253−20.7%
1920228−9.9%
19302321.8%
19402486.9%
195028514.9%
1960237−16.8%
1970191−19.4%
198025533.5%
1990254−0.4%
2000234−7.9%
2010199−15.0%
Est. 2016209[2]5.0%
Sources:[6][7][8]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 234 people, 89 households, and 68 families residing in the borough. The population density was 620.1 people per square mile (237.8/km2). There were 91 housing units at an average density of 241.1 per square mile (92.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 99.15% White, 0.43% African American and 0.43% Pacific Islander. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population.

There were 89 households, out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 29.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 112.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $38,750, and the median income for a family was $42,917. Males had a median income of $36,000 versus $21,563 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $15,571. About 3.1% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under the age of eighteen and 20.8% of those sixty five or over.

Public education[edit]

The Borough is served by the Northampton Area School District.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 75.
  4. ^ Portrait and Biographical Record of Lehigh, Northampton and Carbon Counties, Pennsylvania. Chicago, Ill: Chapman Publishing Company. 1894. pp. 821–823.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.