Chapman University

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Chapman University
Chapman University logo.gif
Former names
Hesperian College
Mottoὀ Χριστòς καì ἡ Ἐκκλησíα (Greek)
Motto in English
Christ and Church
TypePrivate university
Established1861; 159 years ago (1861)
Religious affiliation
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)[1]
Endowment$417.7 million (2019)[2]
PresidentDaniele C. Struppa[3]
Academic staff
417 total
Administrative staff
752 total
Students8,542[4]
Undergraduates6,410[4]
Postgraduates2,132[4]
Location, ,
United States
CampusSuburban, 90 acres (36 ha)
(located in historic Old Towne Orange)
ColorsCardinal and grey    
NicknamePanthers
Sports21 teams
MascotPete the Panther
Websitewww.chapman.edu Edit this at Wikidata

Chapman University is a private university in Orange, California. Chapman University offers 110 areas of study (49 majors and 61 minors), and encompasses ten schools and colleges on campus, including Fowler School of Engineering, Dodge College of Film and Media Arts, Fowler School of Law, and Schmid College of Science and Technology. It is classified among "R2: Doctoral Universities – High research activity".[5]

History[edit]

Sculpture of Charles C. Chapman, founder and namesake of Chapman University, created by sculptor Raymond Persinger
Wilkinson Hall
Schmid Gate, built in 2005
A section of the Berlin Wall is featured in Liberty Plaza.

Founded as Hesperian College, in Woodland, California,[6] the school began classes on March 4, 1861. Its opening was timed to coincide with the hour of Abraham Lincoln's first inauguration.[7] Hesperian admitted students regardless of sex or race.[8]

In 1920, the assets of Hesperian College were absorbed by California Christian College,[a] which held classes in downtown Los Angeles. In 1934, the school was renamed Chapman College,[9] after the chairman of its board of trustees (and primary benefactor), C. C. Chapman. In 1954, Chapman College moved to its present campus in the city of Orange on the site formerly occupied by Orange High School, which relocated to a nearby campus.[9]

Chapman established a Residence Education Center Program to serve military personnel in 1958. This evolved into Brandman University.

Chapman College became Chapman University in 1991.[9] In that year, Dr. James L. Doti became president of Chapman University.

Colleges and programs[edit]

Donald P. Kennedy Hall, home of the Dale E. Fowler School of Law

Argyros School of Business and Economics[edit]

The George L. Argyros School of Business and Economics is located in the Arnold and Mable Beckman Business and Technology Hall.[10] Founded in 1977, the school is named after George L. Argyros, a Chapman alum and former U.S. Ambassador to Spain. Argyros has chaired the board of trustees of Chapman University since 1976, and has donated significant resources towards establishing Chapman as a leading national business school.[11] The business school was renamed in Argyros' honor in 1999. In 2019 the Argyros School celebrated the 20th Anniversary of the naming of the school, capped off with a special fundraiser dinner on October 9, featuring special guest President George W. Bush.[12] The event raised approximately $15 million for the school's endowment, $10 million of which was a surprise announcement by the Argyros family. The $15 million raised is believed to be the largest 1-day fundraising event in Orange County's history.[13]

The Argyros School offers undergraduate and graduate degrees in business, including the Master of Business Administration and Master of Science.[14] In 2018 Chapman's full-time MBA program was ranked #73 by Bloomberg/Businessweek.[15]

The Argyros School of Business and Economics was officially nationally ranked as the 60th Best Undergraduate Bloomberg BusinessWeek Business School in 2014.[16] In 2016, the Argyros School of Business and Economics rose to 34th in the same Bloomberg rankings.

The Argyros School is home to several research centers and institutes, including the A. Gary Anderson Center for Economic Research, the C. Larry Hoag Center for Real Estate and Finance, the Ralph W. Leatherby Center for Entrepreneurship and Ethics, the Walter Schmid Center for International Business, the Economic Science Institute (founded by Nobel Prize winner Vernon L. Smith and others in 2008),[17] and the Institute for the Study of Religion, Economics and Society (founded by Dr. Laurence Iannaccone in September 2009).[18]

The Leatherby Center for Entrepreneurship and Business Ethics is a program whose scope includes original research, scholarship, and the publication of several scholarly journals.

Donna Ford Attallah College of Educational Studies[edit]

Chapman University's Donna Ford Attallah College of Educational Studies[19] offers an undergraduate Integrated Educational Studies (IES) degree;[20] teaching, school counseling, and school psychology credentials; and graduate degrees in teaching, special education, school counseling, school psychology, and leadership, including a Ph.D. in Education.[21] The college is also home to various centers and programs for community engagement and research, including the Centro Comunitario de Educación,[22] Paulo Freire Democratic Project (PFDP),[23] and Thompson Policy Institute on Disability and Autism.[24]

The School of Education at Chapman University became the College of Educational Studies in August 2008. In 2017, the college was named in honor of Donna Ford Attallah. The current home of the Attallah College is Chapman's Reeves Hall, which was one the first buildings constructed for Orange Union High School on the site in 1913, added to the National Register for Historic Places in 1975, and renovated and reopened to the public in February 2018.[25]

The Attallah College or its programs are accredited by the Council Accreditation of Educator Preparation, Commission on Teacher Credentialing, National Association of School Psychologists, and International School Psychology Association.[26]

Dodge College of Film and Media Arts[edit]

The college has been recognized as one of the top ten film schools in the world and ranked #6 by The Hollywood Reporter among American film schools.[27]

Crean College of Health and Behavioral Sciences[edit]

Formerly part of Chapman University's Schmid College of Science and Technology, the Crean College of Health and Behavioral Sciences officially became its own independent college at Chapman University on June 1, 2014.[28]

Undergraduate programs in Crean College of Health and Behavioral Sciences include a B.A. Psychology and B.S. Health Sciences. Graduate and post-baccalaureate programs include a M.S. Athletic Training, M.A. Marriage and Family Therapy (MFT), M.S. Communication Sciences & Disorders, a MMS Physician Assistant (set to open in 2015), a Doctor of Physical Therapy (PT) (accredited since 1928, making it one of the oldest such programs in the United States), and a Transitional Doctor of Physical Therapy.

The physical therapy, communication sciences & disorders, and physician assistant programs are housed on Chapman University's Harry and Diane Rinker Health Science Campus in Irvine, California.

Wilkinson College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences[edit]

Wilkinson College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences is the largest college at Chapman University and is composed of the departments of art, English, history, world languages and cultures, peace studies, philosophy, political science, religious studies, and sociology.

It is home to the BUDO-lab, an interdisciplinary research group that focuses on the study of combative behavior and martial arts practice.[29]

Dale E. Fowler School of Law[edit]

The Chapman University School of Law is located in Kennedy Hall. Law degrees offered include the Juris Doctor (J.D.) and Master of Laws (LL.M.) degrees in various specialties.

Dale E. and Sarah Ann Fowler School of Engineering[edit]

Since opening in fall 2019, the Chapman University school has grown to include undergraduate programs in computer science, data analytics, software engineering and game development programming. A minor in computer engineering is also available. The university will launch a bachelor's degree program in computer engineering in fall 2020, with electrical engineering to follow in fall 2021, and a master's degree program in computer science in fall 2022. Further expansion targets programs in biomedical and environmental engineering.

College of Performing Arts[edit]

Chapman University's College of Performing Arts, founded in 2007, operates in divisions: the Hall-Musco Conservatory of Music, the Department of Dance, and the Department of Theatre.[30] The Conservatory of Music offers a Bachelor of Music (B.M.), the Dance Department offers a Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A) and a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), and the Theatre Department offers the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.). The Theatre Department also offer two Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.) programs - Theatre Performance and Screen Acting - taught in conjunction with the Dodge Film School.

Schmid College of Science and Technology[edit]

Chapman University's Schmid College of Science and Technology was founded in 2008 when science-related degree programs (then housed in the Wilkinson School of Humanities and Social Sciences) were migrated to the new college. In 2014, the Schmid College underwent a reorganization to create the Crean College of Health and Behavioral Sciences. In 2019, the undergraduate programs computer science, data analytics, software engineering, and game development programming transferred out of Schmid College to start the new Fowler School of Engineering.

In addition to its undergraduate and graduate programs, Schmid College is home to various centers for research. Among them are the Center of Excellence in Computation, Algebra and Topology (CECAT), the Center of Excellence in Complex and Hyper-complex Analysis (CECHA) and the Center of Excellence in Earth Systems Modeling and Observations (CEESMO). Schmid College is also affiliated with the Institute for Quantum Studies, whose list of physicists, includes a 2013 Nobel Prize recipient and a 2010 Presidential Medal of Honor winner. [31]

Schmid College of Science and Technology recently expanded and moved into the new 140,000 sq. ft. Keck Center for Science and Engineering on Chapman’s main campus in Orange, California. The research facility contains 45 research and teaching labs, 50 faculty offices, seven student-collaboration spaces, and an outdoor amphitheater. The aesthetic of the building was inspired by the work of American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright. [32]

School of Pharmacy[edit]

The Chapman University School of Pharmacy (CUSP) is located at the Rinker Campus in Irvine. Pharmacy degrees include the Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.), a Master of Science in Pharmaceutical Science (MSPS), and a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Pharmaceutical Sciences. The Chapman School of Pharmacy also offers an accelerated five-year Doctor of Pharmacy program to qualified high school seniors.

School of Communication[edit]

The School of Communication is the newest school in the university. It is located on the university's main campus and housed within Doti Hall, currently offering three majors for students to choose from, including: BA in Communication Studies, BA in Strategic & Corporate Communication, as well as an MS in Health and Strategic Communication.[33]

Brandman University[edit]

Brandman University is a separate, fully accredited, university within the Chapman University System.[34] There are over 25 campuses throughout California and Washington,[35] and a campus online. The university offers more than 80 degree, certificate, credential and professional programs.[36]

Rankings and admissions[edit]

University rankings
National
Forbes[37] 178
THE/WSJ[38] 158
U.S. News & World Report[39] 124
Washington Monthly[40] 381
Global
U.S. News & World Report[41] 1298

In U.S. News & World Report's 2020 rankings of the best colleges in America, the university was moved from the master's-level universities in the Western region to the National Universities group, with a debut ranking of tied at 125th. The reclassification was due to Chapman's elevation to R2 status by Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education in recognition of its high research activity. U.S. News uses the Carnegie Classifications for its categorization of universities.

For U.S. News & World Report's 2021 rankings, Chapman University was ranked tied for 124th overall among national universities, tied for 39th among 73 national universities evaluated for "Best Undergraduate Teaching", tied for 68th out of 83 for "Most Innovative Schools", tied for 86th of 142 for "Best Colleges for Veterans", and tied at 224th of 389 schools for "Top Performers on Social Mobility".[42] The business school was ranked tied for 74th, and the law school tied for 111th, in the U.S. for 2021[43]

For the Class of 2022 (enrolling fall 2018), Chapman received 14,198 applications, accepted 7,605 (53.6%), and enrolled 1,660.[44] For the freshmen who enrolled, the average SAT score was 640 for reading and writing and 638 for math, while the average ACT composite score was 27.9.[44] The average high school GPA was 3.75.[44]

Holocaust education[edit]

The Barry and Phyllis Rodgers Center for Holocaust Education was founded by Marilyn Harran, Ph.D., in February 2000. It sponsors an annual Holocaust remembrance writing competition and hosts a regular Distinguished lecture series.[45]

The Sala and Aron Samueli Holocaust Memorial Library, funded by Henry Samueli, is located on the fourth floor of the University's Leatherby Libraries.[46] On April 11, 2005, sixty years after he was liberated from the Buchenwald concentration camp, Elie Wiesel dedicated the Samueli Holocaust Memorial Library,[47] and a large bust of Wiesel stands at the entrance to the facility.

The collection includes a first edition of The Diary of Anne Frank in Dutch.[47]

Athletics[edit]

The Chapman Panthers compete in 21 sports at the NCAA Division III (non-scholarship) level[4] in the Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (SCIAC).

Chapman sponsors 10 men's intercollegiate sports: baseball, basketball, cross-country, football, golf, soccer, swimming & diving, tennis, track & field and water polo. The school also sponsors 11 women's intercollegiate sports: basketball, cross country, golf, lacrosse, soccer, softball, swimming & diving, tennis, track & field, volleyball and water polo.

Chapman University has won seven NCAA national titles. As a member of the NCAA Division II, the Panthers won one baseball title (1968) and three men's tennis titles (1985, 1987, 1988). After moving to NCAA Division III, the Panthers won the 1995 Division III softball championship and later the 2003 and 2019 Division III baseball championships.

Chapman University's softball team appeared in one Women's College World Series in 1979.[48]

In 2011, the women's lacrosse team won the WCLL National Championships in Arizona. In 2016, the men's lacrosse team won the MCLA National Championship.

In the 2014, 2017, and 2019 seasons, the Chapman University Panther football team ended their season undefeated in their conference and won the SCIAC championship.[49]

The 2019 men's baseball team defeated Birmingham-Southern College to become the DIII NCAA National Champions.[50]

The football and basketball teams are broadcast by the Chapman Sports Broadcast Network (CSBN) to local Channel 6 in Orange and on Chapman's athletic website. CSBN is a student-run, student-produced independent sports network created by students at Chapman University's Dodge College of Film and Media arts.[51]

Attallah Piazza and Leatherby Libraries

Controversy[edit]

During the Spring Semester of 2019, student protests over the film school's display of two The Birth of a Nation posters received national attention.[52] The posters were part of a larger donation from Cecilia DeMille Presley, granddaughter of American filmmaker Cecil B. DeMille, and had been displayed on the first floor of Marion Knott Studios since they were gifted to the school in 2007. During the 2018–2019 school year, Chapman's black student population became more vocal about their discomfort with the display of posters for a film that has been widely criticized for its racist tones, celebration of white supremacy, and use of blackface. The film also is often credited by scholars with reviving the Ku Klux Klan.[53] Though the film is often taught in film school due to its historical importance to the film industry (it is considered to be the first ever blockbuster),[54] the presence of the film's posters made students feel that the film's message was actually being celebrated.[55] After nearly a month of student protests and two years after a student first started an online petition, the Dodge College faculty voted to remove the posters and return them to the donor.[56]

Notable people[edit]

Faculty[edit]

  • Yakir Aharonov – Professor, James J. Farley Professorship in Natural Philosophy; Wolf Prize and National Medal of Science recipient
  • Brian Alters – Professor and Director, Evolution Education Research Center
  • Richard Bausch – professor in Department of English
  • Andrew Carroll – Presidential Fellow in American War Letters; Founding Director of the Center for American War Letters
  • Martha Coolidge – Professor, Lawrence and Kristina Dodge College of Film and Media Arts; Emmy nominated film director; elected in 2001 as the first and only female president of the Director's Guild of America
  • Grace Fong D.M.A. – Director of Keyboard Studies at Conservatory of Music; winner of such honors as the 2006 Leeds International Piano Competition
  • Carolyn Forché – Presidential Fellow in Creative Writing; American poet
  • Kyle Harrison – men's lacrosse assistant coach and professional lacrosse player
  • Hugh Hewitt – Professor, Dale E. Fowler School of Law; He served for six years in the Reagan Administration in a variety of posts including Assistant Counsel in the White House and Special Assistant to the Attorney General of the United States
  • Jack Horner – Presidential Fellow; technical adviser for all Jurassic Park movies and was Michael Crichton's basis for the Alan Grant character
  • Laurence Iannaccone - Director, Institute for the Study of Religion, Economics, and Society; Professor of Economics
  • Cheryl Boone Isaacs - Lecturer, Lawrence and Kristina Dodge College of Film and Media Arts; serving third term as President of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences by the organization's Board of Governors; inducted into the NAACP Hall of Fame in 2014
  • Bill Kroyer - Professor, Director, Digital Arts Program; one of the first animators to make the leap to computer animation as computer image choreographer on Disney's ground-breaking 1982 feature, Tron.
  • Tibor Machan (1939–2016) – held the R. C. Hoiles Chair of Business Ethics and Free Enterprise, Argyros School of Business & Economics
  • Peter McLaren – Distinguished Professor in Critical Studies, Attallah College of Educational Studies
  • Michael Shermer - Presidential Fellow in General Education, author of numerous books and founder of The Skeptics Society
  • Rebecca Skloot - Presidential Fellow in Creative Science Writing
  • Mark Skousen - Professor, Mark Skousen, Ph. D., editor of Forecasts & Strategies, is a nationally known investment expert, economist, university professor and author of more than 25 books. In 2018, he was awarded the Triple Crown in Economics for his work in economic theory, history and education, and has been identified as one of the 20 most influential living economists
  • Vernon L. Smith - Nobel Laureate in Economic Science (2002); founder of Economic Science Institute and Smith Institute for Political Economy and Philosophy
  • Joel Stern - Joel M. Stern is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Stern Value Management, formerly Stern Stewart & Co, and the creator and developer of Economic Value Added "EVA".
  • Bart Wilson - The Donald P. Kennedy Endowed Chair of Economics and Law in the Argyros School of Business & Economics

Alumni[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Colleges and Universities of The Christian Church: Member Schools". Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Archived from the original on 2013-12-08. Retrieved 2013-12-17.
  2. ^ As of May 31, 2019. "U.S. and Canadian 2019 NTSE Participating Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2019 Endowment Market Value, and Percentage Change in Market Value from FY18 to FY19 (Revised)". National Association of College and University Business Officers and TIAA. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  3. ^ Do, Anh (28 September 2016). "Mathematician to become Chapman University's 13th president". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d "Facts & Rankings". Chapman University. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  5. ^ "Carnegie Classifications Institution Lookup". carnegieclassifications.iu.edu. Center for Postsecondary Education. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  6. ^ "Hesperian College". Chapman University Digital Commons. Chapman University. Archived from the original on 7 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  7. ^ "1861 Club". Chapman.edu. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-06-13. Retrieved 2008-07-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  12. ^ Bonker, Dawn (2019-10-16). "Argyros School Celebrates a Milestone Moment With Former President George W. Bush". Chapman Newsroom. Retrieved 2019-10-22.
  13. ^ "OCBJ INSIDER | Orange County Business Journal". www.ocbj.com. Retrieved 2019-10-22.
  14. ^ "Degree Programs". www.chapman.edu. Retrieved 2019-10-22.
  15. ^ "Best Business Schools 2018 US Rankings - Bloomberg Businessweek". Bloomberg Businessweek. 2018-11-08. Retrieved 2019-10-22.
  16. ^ "Argyros School of Business and Economics | Orange County, CA business school". Chapman.edu. Archived from the original on 2013-03-28. Retrieved 2012-11-09.
  17. ^ "About | Economic Science Institute | Chapman University". Chapman.edu. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
  18. ^ "About | Institute for the Study of Religion, Economics and Society | Chapman University". Chapman.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-10.
  19. ^ "About Attallah College". www.chapman.edu. Retrieved 2018-10-07.
  20. ^ "Attallah College Undergraduate Programs". www.chapman.edu. Retrieved 2018-10-07.
  21. ^ "Attallah College Graduate Programs". www.chapman.edu. Retrieved 2015-10-29.
  22. ^ "Centro Comunitario de Educación". www.chapman.edu. Retrieved 2018-10-07.
  23. ^ "Paulo Freire Democratic Project". www.chapman.edu. Retrieved 2018-10-07.
  24. ^ "Thompson Policy Institute". www.chapman.edu.
  25. ^ "Reeves Hall, Historic Home of Teacher Education Reopens February 23". Attallah College of Educational Studies. Retrieved 2018-10-07.
  26. ^ "Professional Institutes and Accreditations". www.chapman.edu. Retrieved 2015-10-29.
  27. ^ "The Hollywood Reporter grades the colleges and universities — from USC to AFI — training Hollywood's next generation of cinematic geniuses". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  28. ^ "Schmid College of Science & Technology". Chapman University. Chapman University. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  29. ^ "BUDO-lab at Chapman University". Facebook.com. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  30. ^ "College of Performing Arts". Chapman.edu. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  31. ^ "About Schmid College". www.chapman.edu. Retrieved 2020-11-09.
  32. ^ "Keck Center for Science and Engineering". www.chapman.edu. Retrieved 2020-11-09.
  33. ^ "Academic Programs". www.chapman.edu.
  34. ^ "About | Brandman University". Brandman.edu. 2014-04-18. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  35. ^ "Locations | Brandman University". Brandman.edu. 2014-04-21. Retrieved 2014-04-21.
  36. ^ "Fact Sheet | Brandman University" (PDF). Brandman.edu. 2014-04-18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-04-19. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  37. ^ "America's Top Colleges 2019". Forbes. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  38. ^ "Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education College Rankings 2021". Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  39. ^ "2021 Best National University Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  40. ^ "2020 National University Rankings". Washington Monthly. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  41. ^ "2021 Best Global Universities Rankings". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  42. ^ "Chapman University Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. 2021.
  43. ^ "Chapman University's Graduate School Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. 2021.
  44. ^ a b c "Fact Book 2018-2019: New Freshman Profile" (PDF). Chapman University.
  45. ^ "Barry and Phyllis Rodgers Center for Holocaust Education". www.chapman.edu.
  46. ^ "Chapman University – Holocaust Education – Sala and Aron Samueli Holocaust Memorial L". Chapman.edu. Retrieved 2010-09-08.
  47. ^ a b "Sala and Aron Samueli Holocaust Memorial Library". www.chapman.edu.
  48. ^ Plummer, William; Floyd, Larry C. (2013). A Series Of Their Own: History Of The Women's College World Series. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States: Turnkey Communications Inc. ISBN 978-0-9893007-0-4.
  49. ^ "SCIAC Football Champions". Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  50. ^ "Chapman sweeps Birmingham Southern to win the 2019 DIII baseball championship | NCAA.com". www.ncaa.com. Retrieved 2019-06-17.
  51. ^ "Chapman Broadcast Network Prepares Students For The Big Leagues". Blogs.chapman.edu. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  52. ^ EDT, Jenni Fink On 4/23/19 at 1:25 PM (2019-04-23). "Chapman University film school removes 'The Birth of a Nation' posters following student protests". Newsweek. Retrieved 2019-06-11.
  53. ^ "How 'The Birth of a Nation' Revived the Ku Klux Klan - HISTORY". www.history.com. Retrieved 2019-06-11.
  54. ^ "100 Years Later, What's The Legacy Of 'Birth Of A Nation'?". NPR.org. Retrieved 2019-06-11.
  55. ^ Sunkara, Satvi (2019-04-08). "Students advocate for removal of controversial film poster from Dodge College". The Panther Online. Retrieved 2019-06-11.
  56. ^ "Film School Removes 'Birth of a Nation' Posters After Student Protests". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2019-06-11.
  57. ^ "Chapman alumnus Paul Anderson elected to Nevada assembly". Chapman. Retrieved 11 September 2014.
  58. ^ "U.S. Mission in Spain - Ambassador Argyros Bio". 28 December 2007. Archived from the original on 28 December 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  59. ^ a b "General Information". Chapman.edu. Archived from the original on 2010-06-07. Retrieved 2010-09-08.
  60. ^ Birk, Libby (January 2, 2019). "'Curb Your Enthusiasm' and 'Super Dave Osborne' Actor Bob Einstein Dead at 76". Popculture. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  61. ^ "Randy Jones Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2010-09-08.
  62. ^
  63. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-04. Retrieved 2014-04-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  64. ^ "Jim Silva - Biography". 7 May 2010. Archived from the original on 7 May 2010. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  65. ^ "Jodie Sweetin talks addiction, acting and attending Chapman". The Panther. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  66. ^ "Dodge School of the Arts: Graduate Film Studies". page 93. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  67. ^ Burge, David (October 1, 2017). "First woman takes command at Joint Task Force North at Fort Bliss". USA Today. El Paso Times. Retrieved 15 June 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°47′34″N 117°51′05″W / 33.79278°N 117.85139°W / 33.79278; -117.85139