Chapter nine institutions

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Chapter nine institutions refer to a group of organisations established in terms of Chapter 9 of the South African Constitution to guard democracy. The institutions are:

Though chapter nine calls for a broadcast regulator it does not specifically mandate the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (Icasa). Interpretations vary on whether Icasa is (or is not) a chapter nine institution.

Parliamentary review[edit]

In October 2006 an ad hoc parliamentary committee was established to investigate the chapter nine bodies with regard to employment procedures and institutional governance.[3] Also of concern was spending on the institutions and their lack of mandate to operate outside of the country.[4] The committee recommended the establishment of a directorate, under the office of the Speaker, to liaise with the institutions.[5]


  1. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of South Africa: Chapter 9 - State institutions supporting constitutional democracy". South African Government Information Service. Retrieved 15 September 2008. 
  2. ^ "You defy Icasa ruling at your peril, Mantashe warns SABC". News24. Retrieved 12 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Committee to probe state's independent bodies". Independent Online. Retrieved 15 September 2008. 
  4. ^ "Inquiry into chapter nine bodies". Business Report. Retrieved 15 September 2008. 
  5. ^ "First report of ad hoc committee on review of Chapter 9 and associated institutions to the speaker of national assembly". Parliament of South Africa. Retrieved 15 September 2008. [dead link]

External links[edit]