Chara (river)

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Chara
Yakut: Чаара
2000 Charoite 613.jpg
View of the river and piece of charoite
Chara (river) is located in Sakha Republic
Chara (river)
Location in the Sakha Republic, Russia
Location
CountryYakutia, Russia
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationBolshoye Leprindo Lake
 • coordinates56°38′40″N 117°35′4″E / 56.64444°N 117.58444°E / 56.64444; 117.58444
 • elevation975 m (3,199 ft)
MouthOlyokma
 • coordinates
60°19′10″N 120°52′28″E / 60.31944°N 120.87444°E / 60.31944; 120.87444Coordinates: 60°19′10″N 120°52′28″E / 60.31944°N 120.87444°E / 60.31944; 120.87444
 • elevation
126 m (413 ft)
Length851 km (529 mi)
Basin size87,600 km2 (33,800 sq mi)
Discharge 
 • average638.83 m3/s (22,560 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionOlyokmaLenaLaptev Sea
The Chara Sands, a small desert zone in Siberia, near the Chara River. The Kodar Mountains are in the background.

The Chara (Russian: Ча́ра) is a left tributary of the Olyokma in Eastern Siberia, Russia. It is 851 kilometres (529 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 87,600 square kilometres (33,800 sq mi).[1]

Together with the Olyokma, river Chara gives its name to the Olyokma-Chara Plateau (Олёкмо-Чарское плоскогорье), located to the east of its eastern bank.[2]

History[edit]

The region is famous for a peculiar mountain where charoite has been mined for decades. This intensely purple mineral, named after the river, is only found here and was discovered in the 1940s when a rail tunnel was constructed. Part of the Russian governmental debt was paid in charoite and slabs of this now expensive ornamental material were stored in basements of houses of the Hungarian capital city, Budapest.

Course[edit]

The Chara begins as an outflow of Bolshoye Leprindo lake in the Kodar Mountains, Stanovoy Highlands in northern Zabaykalsky Krai. It flows through the Chara Basin between the Kodar and Kalar Mountains, passing the Chara Sands, a 37 square kilometres (14 sq mi) area of active sand dunes. It joins the left bank of the Olyokma not far form its mouth in the Lena. The Chara has 103 tributaries over 10 km (6.2 mi) in length. The most important are the Apsat and the Zhuya from the left and the Tokko from the right. The Sen River flows into the left bank of the Chara from the northern end of lake Nichatka.[3]

Basin of the Olyokma

See also[edit]

References[edit]