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Charanam (meaning foot) in Carnatic music (South Indian classical music) is usually the end section of a composition which is sung after the anupallavi.[1]

There may be multiple charanams in a composition which make up different stanzas, but in compositions that do not have an anupallavi, there often exists a samrashti charanam that combines both the anupallavi and charanam of the composition[1] which directly follows the pallavi.

The charana swaras are grouped in four different ways:

  • 1st - one tala cycle.
  • 2nd - one tala cycle.
  • 3rd - two long tala cycles
  • 4th - four long tala cycles