Charaxes druceanus

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Silver-barred emperor
Charaxes druceanus.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Charaxes
Species: C. druceanus
Binomial name
Charaxes druceanus
Butler, 1869
Synonyms
  • Charaxes cinadon Hewitson, 1870
  • Charaxes druceanus var. obscura Rebel, 1914
  • Charaxes druceanus kivuanus Jordan, 1925
  • Charaxes druceanus cryanae Le Cerf, 1932
  • Charaxes druceanus obscura f. nyungwe Turlin, 1980
  • Charaxes alicea Stoneham, 1931
  • Charaxes druceanus proximans f. lugari van Someren, 1939

Charaxes druceanus, the silver-barred emperor or silver-barred charaxes, is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. It is found throughout Africa.[1]

The wingspan is 55–70 mm in males and 65–85 mm in females. Its flight period is year-round.[2] The larvae feed on various Syzygium species (including Syzygium cordatum and Syzygium guineense), Bersama abyssinica,[1][2] Eugenia species, and Schefflera goetzenii.

Habitat[edit]

Coastal belt and forest edges up to more than 5,000 m.

Subspecies[edit]

Listed alphabetically:[1]

  • C. d. brazza Turlin, 1987 (Congo: Kinkala, Bela)
  • C. d. druceanus Butler, 1869 (South Africa: KwaZulu-Natal))
  • C. d. entabeni van Someren, 1963 (South Africa: Limpopo Province to the Zoutpansberg)
  • C. d. katamayu Plantrou, 1982 (Kenya: south to the area east of the Rift Valley)
  • C. d. obscura Rebel, 1914 (western Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, western Rwanda, western Burundi)
  • C. d. moerens Jordan, 1936 (South Africa: Limpopo Province and Mpumalanga, Swaziland)
  • C. d. praestans Turlin, 1989 (north-eastern Tanzania)
  • C. d. proximans Joicey & Talbot, 1922 (Democratic Republic of the Congo, eastern Angola, eastern Rwanda, eastern Burundi, southern and western Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, north-western Zimbabwe)
  • C. d. septentrionalis Lathy, 1926 (eastern Uganda, western Kenya, northern Tanzania)
  • C. d. solitaria Henning & Henning, 1992 (South Africa: north-east and north-west slopes of the Blouberg)
  • C. d. stevensoni van Someren, 1963 (western Mozambique, eastern Zimbabwe)
  • C. d. teita van Someren, 1939 (south-eastern Kenya, Tanzania: north to the Arusha-Moshi district)
  • C. d. vivianae Plantrou, 1982 (Sudan: south to the Imatong Mountains)
  • C. d. williamsi Plantrou, 1982 (Kenya: south-east to Mount Kasigau)

Taxonomy[edit]

The Charaxes jasius group consists of:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Charaxes Ochsenheimer, 1816" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  2. ^ a b Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7. 
  • Victor Gurney Logan Van Someren, 1963 Revisional notes on African Charaxes (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Part I. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 195-242. [1]
  • Van Someren, 1969 Revisional notes on African Charaxes (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Part V. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology)75-166.[2] Additional notes

External links[edit]