Charaxes protoclea

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Flame-bordered emperor
Charaxes protoclea protoclea.jpg
Charaxes protoclea protoclea male
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Charaxes
Species: C. protoclea
Binomial name
Charaxes protoclea
Feisthamel, 1850
Synonyms
  • Charaxes aeson Herrich-Schaeffer, 1858
  • Philognoma azota Hewitson, 1877
  • Charaxes calliclea Grose-Smith, 1889
  • Charaxes nyasana Butler, 1895
  • Charaxes protoclea var. aequidistans Gaede, 1916
  • Charaxes protoclea catenaria f. parcepicta Rousseau-Decelle, 1934
  • Charaxes protoclea catenaria f. bifida Rousseau-Decelle, 1934
  • Charaxes protoclea catenaria f. kafakumbana Rousseau-Decelle, 1934
  • Charaxes protoclea catenaria f. mutschatschana Rousseau-Decelle, 1934
  • Charaxes protoclea ab. maculata Strand, 1910
  • Charaxes protoclea ab. ablutus Schultze, 1914
  • Charaxes protoclea ab. nigropunctata Neustetter, 1916
  • Charaxes protoclea var. marginepunctata Holland, 1920
  • Charaxes protoclea f. sinuosa Rousseau-Decelle, 1934
  • Charaxes protoclea protoclea f. jeromei Birket-Smith, 1960

Charaxes protoclea, the flame-bordered emperor or flame-bordered charaxes, is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. It is found Subsaharan Africa.[1]

The wingspan is 65–70 mm in males and 75–95 mm in females. Has two broods from October to November and from February to June.[2]

Larvae feed on Afzelia quanzensis, Brachystegia spiciformis, and Julbernardia globiflora.[1][2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Charaxes cynthia group

The group members are

Charaxes protoclea and Charaxes subornatus

Subspecies[edit]

Listed alphabetically.[1]

  • C. p. azota (Hewitson, 1877) (Kenya, Tanzania, north-eastern Zambia, Malawi, eastern Zimbabwe, southern Mozambique, South Africa: KwaZulu-Natal)
  • C. p. catenaria Rousseau-Decelle, 1934 (Democratic Republic of the Congo, western Tanzania, Zambia)
  • C. p. cedrici Canu, 1989 (Bioko)
  • C. p. nothodes Jordan, 1911 (Democratic Republic of the Congo, western Uganda, north-western Tanzania)
  • C. p. protoclea Feisthamel, 1850 (Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, western Nigeria)
  • C. p. protonothodes van Someren, 1971 (Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Congo, north-western Angola, north-western Democratic Republic of the Congo)

Subspecies gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Charaxes Ochsenheimer, 1816" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  2. ^ a b Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7. 
  • Victor Gurney Logan Van Someren, 1971 Revisional notes on African Charaxes (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Part VII. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology)181-226.[1]

External links[edit]