Charaxes tiridates

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Charaxes tiridates
Charaxestiridates.jpg
Female, upperside
CharaxestiridatesUns.jpg
Female, underside
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Charaxes
Species: C. tiridates
Binomial name
Charaxes tiridates
(Cramer, 1777)[1]
Synonyms
  • Papilio tiridates Cramer, 1777
  • Papilio marica Fabricius, 1793
  • Charaxes tiridatinus Röber, 1936
  • Charaxes tiridates ab. tristis Schultze, 1914
  • Charaxes angusticaudatus Röber, 1936
  • Charaxes tiridates f. purpurina Rousseau-Decelle, 1938
  • Charaxes lucretius f. alberici Dufrane, 1945
  • Charaxes tiridates ab. conjuncta Storace, 1948
  • Charaxes tiridates ab. subcaerulea Storace, 1948
  • Charaxes hysginus Darge, 1978

Charaxes tiridates, the common blue charaxes, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Senegal, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Gabon, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola and Zambia.[2] The habitat consists of lowland evergreen forests and dense savanna.

The larvae feed on Phialodiscus unijugatus, Hugonia platysepala, Hugonia castaneifolia, Bombax reflexum, Chaetacme aristata, Celtis africana, Celtis durandi, Grewia tricocarpa, Grewia mollis, Afzelia africana, Flacourtia indica, Indigofera macrophylla, Osyris lanceolata, Blighia unijugata, Grewia forbesi, Bombax buonopozense, Albizia, Berlinia, Lonchocarpus, Hibiscus (including Hibiscus calyphyllus), Trema, Cassia, Dalbergia, Macrolobium, Millettia and Pterocarpus species.

Savanna forest mosaic in Ghana
Original illustration in Pieter Cramer and Caspar Stoll's Uitlandsche Kapellen, male
Feeding on fermented plantain in a fruit garden. Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Description[edit]

Male upperside forewings have a black ground colour glossed blue. There is a discal arc of five or so spots and a postdiscal sinous line of eight to ten spots. These spots are light blue and slightly metallic. The margin has pale amorphous lunules. The hindwing has two postdiscal rows of the light blue spots, the second close to the margin which has pale more lineate lunules. There are two short tails.

The female upperside has light brown basal areas, more extensive on the hindwing. There is a discal band of white marks just inside the much darker distal part of the forewing and two apical white spots. On the hindwing the dark area is narrow has seven or so light blue and slightly metallic spots with some white scales. There are pale marginal lunules and one long and one short tail.

The underside wings are variously light brown with black pattern lines and in the female only a white discal band.

A full description is given by Walter Rothschild and Karl Jordan, 1900 Novitates Zoologicae Volume 7:287-524. [1] page 354 for terms see Volume 5:545-601 [2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Charaxes tiridates group.

The supposed clade members are:

For a full list see Eric Vingerhoedt, 2013.[3]

Subspecies[edit]

  • Charaxes tiridates tiridates (eastern Senegal, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, western Nigeria)
  • Charaxes tiridates choveti Turlin, 1998 (Bioko)
  • Charaxes tiridates marginatus Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 (western and south-western Ethiopia)
  • Charaxes tiridates tiridatinus Röber, 1936 (Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, western and southern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, western Kenya, north-western Tanzania, Angola, northern Zambia)

References[edit]

External links[edit]