2012 Chardon High School shooting

Coordinates: 41°35′28″N 81°12′1″W / 41.59111°N 81.20028°W / 41.59111; -81.20028
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2012 Chardon High School shooting
Part of mass shootings in the United States and school shootings in the United States
2012 Chardon High School shooting is located in Ohio
2012 Chardon High School shooting
Location of Chardon, Ohio
LocationChardon, Ohio, U.S.
Coordinates41°35′28″N 81°12′1″W / 41.59111°N 81.20028°W / 41.59111; -81.20028
DateFebruary 27, 2012 (2012-02-27)
c. 7:30 a.m. (EST)
TargetChardon High School
Attack type
School shooting, murder
WeaponsRuger MK III .22 caliber semi-automatic handgun[1][2]
Injured3 (2 by gunfire, 1 by graze)
PerpetratorT.J. Lane[3][4]
MotiveInconclusive, personal rivalry appeared to account for part

On the morning of February 27, 2012, six students were shot at Chardon High School in Chardon, Ohio, resulting in the deaths of three of them. Witnesses said that the shooter had a personal rivalry with one of his victims. Two other wounded students were also hospitalized, one of whom sustained several serious injuries that have resulted in permanent paralysis. The fifth student suffered a minor injury, and the sixth a superficial wound.

By the evening of February 27, authorities confirmed that the suspect was Thomas M. "T. J." Lane III,[5] a 17-year-old male juvenile and former student of Chardon, who was a sophomore at Lake Academy Alternative School and used a bus in common with several victims. Lane used a .22 caliber handgun. Lane was soon arrested by police near his car parked outside the school. Lane was ultimately indicted on three counts of aggravated murder, two counts of aggravated attempted murder, and one count of felonious assault. Because of his age, he was detained as a juvenile pending a decision by the prosecution and court as to whether he would be tried as an adult.

Following a competency hearing, in May 2012, a judge determined that Lane was competent to stand trial.[6] Later that month the decision was made to charge Lane as an adult.[7] He pleaded guilty and received three consecutive life sentences without parole on March 19, 2013.

In February 2014 the families of the three deceased students and Nick Walczak filed a wrongful death suit in Lake County against the Chardon School District and Lake Academy Alternative School. The Lake County judge dismissed the District and Lake Academy as parties, retaining only five former and current employees of the Chardon School District and high school as defendants. The families appealed to the Ohio Supreme Court, which declined to hear the case in July 2016. It was returned to the Lake County Common Pleas court.

In addition, attorneys representing the estates of the three deceased students filed federal and state wrongful death suits against the family of T.J. Lane, which was settled in May 2014, including settlement of suits against his father, maternal grandfather, and paternal uncle (and their associated insurance companies). The Lane family agreed to pay nearly 2.7 million dollars.[8]

On September 11, 2014, Lane, along with two older inmates, escaped from Allen Correctional Institution in Lima, Ohio. He was captured the following day, and the three men were transferred to a maximum security prison.


1. Daniel Parmertor, 16 (deceased)[9]
2. Russell King, Jr., 17 (deceased)[10][11]
3. Demetrius Hewlin, 16 (deceased)[12][13][14]
4. Nate Mueller, 16 (minor injury to ear)[9][15]
5. Nick Walczak, 17 (shot multiple times in his neck, arm, and back; a bullet also lodged in his cheek; resulted in permanent paralysis)[9][16][17]
6. Joy Rickers, 18 (injured; released from hospital after approximately 24 hours)[9][18]

The incident[edit]

Chardon High School was open in the morning before classes, and many students typically gathered in the cafeteria, some to get breakfast. Others waited there for a bus to classes at the related Auburn Career Center, a vocational school offering computer and other classes, and Lake Academy, a regional school for at-risk students referred for help with academic or behavioral issues.

According to reports, a boy stood up in the cafeteria and began shooting at approximately 7:30 a.m. (EST), causing chaos.[19][20]

The surveillance video showed a shooter, later identified as Thomas "T. J." Lane, shooting four male students at one table with a handgun; he wounded another. Fleeing the school, Lane shot a female student;[21] he was chased out of the school by teacher Joseph Ricci and football coach Frank Hall.[22] Lane was soon arrested by police outside the school near his car parked on Woodin Road.[19]

Five students were hospitalized; three died of their injuries within two days.[11][23] The severely injured Daniel Parmertor, Russell King, and Demetrius Hewlin were flown by helicopter to MetroHealth Medical Center in Cleveland, Ohio, approximately 31 miles by road. Joy Rickers and Nick Walczak were taken to local Hillcrest Hospital.[20] A sixth student, Nate Mueller, was superficially injured by a bullet grazing his right ear and did not need hospital treatment.[24]


At noon on February 27, 2012, Chardon Police Chief Tim McKenna announced in a news conference that one of the victims had died.[25] A spokeswoman for Cleveland's MetroHealth Medical Center identified him as 16-year-old Daniel Parmertor,[9] a high school junior. His family issued a statement requesting that their privacy be respected.[26] Parmertor had been in the cafeteria to wait for a bus to the Auburn Career Center vocational school in nearby Concord Township, where he studied computer science.[20] He intended to work with computers.[27]

At 12:42 a.m. the next day, Russell King, Jr., 17, was pronounced brain dead at MetroHealth Medical Center.[10][28] King, a junior, studied alternative energy technologies. He was enrolled at both Chardon High School and at the Auburn Career Center, and was also waiting for the bus.[11] King's family released a statement thanking the public for support and offering sympathy to the families of other victims. They said that King's organs would be donated, as he had wished.[29]

On February 28, 2012, Demetrius Hewlin, 16, the third student transferred to MetroHealth, was reported to have died.[9] His family expressed their sorrow in a statement to the press.[12] Friends of Hewlin said that he liked to work out and wanted to be on the football team.[14] Hewlin's mother, Phyllis Ferguson, in an interview with ABC News, said of her son, "He wasn't a morning person and he was late for school. But that one day he wasn't late. We were running a little late, but we weren't late enough. But it's okay. It's in God's hands. Let His will be done." When questioned about what she would say to the assailant, she said that she would forgive him, because most school shooters did not know what they were doing.[30] She said that her son's organs would be donated, and that she had learned one recipient was a child who was within days of death without a transplant.[31]

Other victims[edit]

Seventeen-year-old Nick Walczak was shot several times, in the arm, neck, cheek, and back. He was taken to Hillcrest Hospital. Joy Rickers, 18, was released from Hillcrest Hospital on February 28.[29] Nate Mueller, who was not hospitalized, was nicked in his right ear by a bullet.[9] Mueller and Walczak, students at Auburn Career Center, were waiting in the cafeteria with King and Parmertor for the bus to their school.[27]

Teacher actions[edit]

After the shooting, students praised two teachers, Frank Hall and Joseph Ricci, as heroes. Students expressed thanks to them for their "courageous actions" on Twitter.[32] Hall was said to have charged at the shooter, who was aiming his gun at him.[32] A student said that Hall frequently spoke of his caring for the students, which was shown by his actions.[33]

Teacher Joe Ricci had just started his math class when he heard shots and ordered his students to "lock down". Hearing moaning outside the classroom, Ricci put on a bulletproof vest,[34][35][36] opened the door, and dragged wounded student Nick Walczak into the classroom, where he administered first aid.[37] Walczak's family credits Ricci with saving their son's life.[31] A student described these teachers as "two of the greatest leaders in our school."[33]


Thomas Michael "T. J." Lane III (born September 19, 1994) was identified as the suspect by authorities late on February 27.[3][24][33][38] Because he was a juvenile, authorities were reluctant to release his name, however CBS News had reported in the afternoon that law enforcement officials had surrounded a house belonging to Thomas M. Lane, Jr., the suspect's father.[24]

In their investigation, police also searched the home of Lane's maternal grandparents, Jack Nolan and his wife, in Chardon Township. Lane did not live there but frequently visited on weekends.[39][40] The residence, along with other properties owned by the Lane family, was searched extensively on the day of the shooting. A nearby forest, which neighbors said the Lane children used for target practice, was also combed.[40]

At the time of the shooting, Lane was taking classes as a sophomore at Lake Academy, an alternative school in nearby Willoughby. The school, which is also known as the Lake County Educational Service Center, served 55 students in February 2012. They were referred there from public schools in the region because of academic or behavioral needs.[41][42] Students who complete their educations at Lake Academy graduate with their classmates at the sending schools.[2]

According to student witnesses, Lane had a personal rivalry with King, one of his victims. Witness Nate Mueller said that King had recently started dating Lane's former girlfriend. Other student witnesses said that Lane appeared to aim specifically at King that morning, indicating that he was the first to be shot of the students at his table.[43] The students said that King had previously threatened to beat Lane up, and that Lane had taken up weightlifting in the previous year to prepare to fight King.[44]

Four of the five victims at King's table were students at the Auburn Career Center, a vocational school. Lane and the Auburn students regularly took the same bus from Chardon to their other schools; Lake Academy was the farthest from the home school of Chardon.[27] Lane had known some of the victims from middle school.[2]

There were rumors that a warning about the shooting had been posted on Twitter but this was not verified.[3] News agencies published excerpts from the Facebook profile of a boy named "T. J. Lane". The profile did not give a location, but several of the user's friends were listed as being from Chardon.[3] One entry in particular, dated December 30, 2011, caught attention: the last line read: "Die, all of you."[45] According to a comment posted by Lane on January 20, 2012, he wrote that text as a class assignment.[3][45]

Reactions of friends[edit]

A friend of Lane described him as "just a very normal teenage boy".[46] She told CNN that she was in "complete shock" from the incident. She said that Lane often seemed sad, but appeared to be completely normal.[46] Another friend said that Lane was regularly teased at school, which made Lane "put a wall around himself" and refuse to divulge personal information.[46] A third student told reporters that Lane had come from "a really broken-down home". He was said to be a quiet person who could be nice to others if he felt comfortable with them.[3]

Students at Lake Academy denied that he had been bullied. They described him as friendly and nice, but not very talkative.[2][41]


After Lane's arrest, law enforcement determined that the gun used in the shooting had been purchased legally by his uncle. Lane stole the .22-caliber handgun from him.[47] The press reported that it was a Ruger MK III Target .22 caliber semi-automatic handgun.[1] Reports were that the shooter dropped the gun as he fled from the scene, but it was found on the ground along with a knife near the shooter on Woodin Road when he was arrested. (Reference is photo evidence and statements on ID Impact of Murder) [47][48]

Suspect's prior offenses[edit]

On February 29, 2012, Timothy J. Grendell, the juvenile court judge presiding over Lane's case, allowed the release of the suspect's juvenile records to the press. These are generally kept sealed. According to these, Lane was arrested twice in December 2009. The first time, Lane restrained his uncle while his cousin hit him. In the second case, Lane hit another boy in the face.[49] To the second charge, Lane pleaded guilty to a count of disorderly conduct.[50]

Community reaction[edit]

In the wake of the event, school district officials closed all Chardon schools on February 28.[51] The School Department provided counseling and scheduled a gradual return to school for the students, teachers and staff, with school resuming in full on Friday, March 2, 2012.[52] On the night of February 27, several vigils were held, including one at Assembly of God Church.[53] A suggestion by a student on Facebook,[54] resulted in tens of thousands of residents wearing red, one of Chardon High School's school colors, on February 28 in support of the school.[55] The United Way set up The Chardon Healing Fund to help those traumatized by the shooting. Donations of $150,000 had already been made when the new fund was announced on February 28.[55]

In the evening of the day following the attack, thousands of people attended a vigil at St. Mary's Catholic Church in Chardon, where a funeral mass was scheduled for victim Daniel Parmertor, to take place the following weekend.[38] As on February 28, people in attendance wore red. Chardon High School Principal Andy Fetchik spoke to rally the student body and encourage them to help each other during the healing process,[38] while Kasich encouraged Chardon residents to support those who had lost loved ones.[38]

Political response[edit]

On the morning of the shooting, Ohio Governor John Kasich issued a statement praising the Chardon Police and Geauga County Sheriff's office for their handling of the incident and pledging support to the community.[56] The following day, Kasich ordered that the flag at the Ohio Statehouse, as well as all flags in Geauga County, be flown at half-staff in honor of the victims.[57]

The following day, President Barack Obama telephoned the school principal, expressing his condolences for the student victims, and saying that both he and First Lady Michelle Obama were praying for the high school community.[58]

Students return to school[edit]

On March 2, 2012, the students returned to school. A student from West Geauga High School, her mother, and a neighbor organized a "Line Up At Chardon" event via Facebook to welcome students back to Chardon High School. They had a sign saying "I'll Stand By You" (referring to the song by The Pretenders). More than 100 youths and children from surrounding school districts, including West Geauga, came to show support. Students of Chardon High School and their parents were given a "walk through" of the school. The senior class officers organised a procession for solidarity from Chardon Square to the school that morning.[59][60]

Classes resumed the next day. The cafeteria, the crime scene, had been repainted and reorganized. The table where most of the victims had been sitting was covered with flowers and stuffed animals.[61]


On March 2, 2012, Fred Phelps, Jr. was reported to announce that the Westboro Baptist Church (WBC) was planning to "street-preach" about the Ohio shooting at the funeral of Parmertor.[62] Chardon resident Alex Pavlick organized a response via Facebook for people to form a barricade around St. Mary's Church, to protect Parmertor's family and funeral on March 3.[62] By the day of the funeral, a human barricade consisting of thousands had readied, but the WBC protestors did not come.[63]

Three days later Demetrius Hewlin's funeral was held at St. Mary's. Members of four motorcycle clubs, including the Patriot Guard Riders, participated as part of the honor guard.[64] The Patriot Guard had formed to provide a protective barrier for families of fallen soldiers at funerals that have been protested by the Westboro Baptist Church.[65]

Hearings and trial[edit]

On February 28, 2012, at 3:50 p.m. (EST), a detention hearing was held for the suspect at Geauga County Juvenile Court in Chardon. According to the LA Times, in the United States teenage suspects under the age of 18 are considered juveniles and treated as such, unless and until prosecutors decide to charge them as adults. Thus, they are held in juvenile rather than adult facilities during detention until trial.[66]

Judge Tim Grendell began the proceeding by asking the media not to take photographs of the defendant until the court determined whether or not he would be tried as an adult.[12] At the prosecutor's request, the judge directed that the attorneys refrain from speaking to the media regarding the proceeding.[67] He outlined conditions under which the media could participate, including not taking any facial photographs of the defendant or his family. After hearing the prosecutor's argument for continuing the detention and receiving no objection, the judge ruled that detention, at the Portage-Geauga Juvenile Detention Center in Ravenna, Ohio, should continue for 15 days.[68] The issues of arraignment and possible transfer to adult court were put off to future dates. The judge stated that the prosecution had until March 1, 2012, to file charges.[67]

After the hearing, prosecutor Dave Joyce indicated that he would attempt to try Lane as an adult and file three counts of aggravated murder, among other charges, for the incident.[68] At the hearing, the prosecutor said that Lane admitted to shooting 10 rounds of ammunition during the incident. Lane told police that he did not know the victims and that they were selected randomly.[67][68] But student witnesses attested to Lane knowing the victims from school.[68]

Outside defense attorneys observing the hearing raised concerns related to whether Lane's attorney was protecting his client's rights.[4] First, a concern was raised that Lane's attorney agreed with the judge that the gag order would not go into effect until after the press conference that prosecutor Joyce held following the hearing. This exception to the order gave the prosecution the opportunity to announce the defendant's confession publicly, thus influencing the jury pool.[4] A second concern regarded prosecutor Joyce's statement at the conference that Lane "is someone who's not well."[4] Ian Friedman, a criminal attorney and past president of the Ohio Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, said that such things are generally said by defense attorneys. Another attorney said that, in this case, he would have filed a motion to ensure that the juvenile's mental health would be evaluated before the case was brought to the adult court. As of March 1, 2012, Lane's defense had filed no motions.[4] On March 1, 2012, prosecutors formally charged Lane with three counts of aggravated murder, two counts of aggravated attempted murder, and one count of felonious assault.[69][70] Lane did not enter a plea when he was arraigned on March 6.

Two additional defense attorneys were assigned to the case in March.[71] The judge postponed the decision as to whether to try Lane as an adult until after a mental competency evaluation was completed.[72] On April 9, Lane again appeared before Judge Grendell, who set the date for a competency hearing for May 2. He also scheduled a hearing for May 12 to determine whether the defendant would be tried as an adult.[73]

The competency evaluation could have been requested by either the prosecution or the defense. One observing attorney said the judge might have made the decision himself. According to Ohio law, "a child may be found competent only if able to grasp the seriousness of the charges, if able to understand the court proceedings, if able to aid in the defense and if able to understand potential consequences. The law says a child with a mental illness or an intellectual or developmental disability may not be found competent."[72]

Competency hearing[edit]

The competency hearing was held on May 2, 2012. Testimony was given by psychiatrist Phillip Resnick, who testified that Lane was mentally ill. He said the defendant was suffering from psychosis that caused hallucinations and loss of contact with reality, but it "does not interfere with Lane's ability to understand the charges against him."[6] Judge Grendell determined at this hearing that Lane was competent to stand trial.[6]

In June, the prosecutor determined to try Lane as an adult. He was indicted on the six charges that were filed earlier in March: three counts of aggravated murder, two counts of attempted murder, and one count of felonious assault. On June 8, he pleaded not guilty to those charges. His bail was set at US$1 million, and he was scheduled to be transferred from the juvenile detention center to county jail (for adults) on June 18.[74] However, on June 20, a motion was filed with the Geauga County Court of Common Pleas stating that if someone were to pay a US$120 fee, Lane could remain in the Portage-Geauga County Juvenile Detention Center.[75]

Guilty plea[edit]

On February 26, 2013, Lane pleaded guilty to the charges for which he had been indicted.[76][77] On March 19, 2013, he was sentenced to three consecutive life sentences without parole.[78][79]

After entering the courtroom for the sentencing hearing, Lane removed his dress shirt to reveal a white T-shirt which had the word "KILLER" handwritten across the front.[78] He smiled and smirked throughout the hearing.[78][80] After being sentenced, Lane said to the victims' families and the courtroom, "This hand that pulled the trigger that killed your sons now masturbates to the memory. Fuck all of you," while giving the middle finger to attendees.[79][76][81]

Wrongful death suits, 2014[edit]

The families of the three deceased students filed wrongful death suits against T. J. Lane's family: his parents Thomas and Sarah, maternal grandparents Jack Nolan and his wife, and paternal uncle Daniel Lane (he replaced original defendant John Bruening in the suit). The last part was finally settled in May 2014. A federal lawsuit was settled in 2013 with members of the Lane family and Liberty Mutual Insurance. Earlier in 2014, Nolan and his insurer, Nationwide Property & Casualty, Inc., settled. The final settlement brought the total to nearly $2.7 million, given that each of the three families received $890,000 (with each family paying 40% of their settlement to their respective attorneys). Judge Timothy Grendell of the Geauga County Probate/Juvenile Court, who handled the estates of the three deceased students, chose to make the settlement terms public because of the high interest in the case and to warn families of consequences if "youth are allowed access to firearms."[8]

On the second anniversary of the shooting, February 27, 2014, the families of the three deceased students, plus that of Nick Walczak as plaintiff, filed a wrongful death suit against the Chardon School District and Lake Academy Alternative School in Lake County Common Pleas court. Ruling that only Lane was responsible for the harm to these victims, Judge Joe Gibson dismissed the school districts and individual employees as parties to the suit, but retained five defendants who were current or former employees of the Chardon School District: "Schools Superintendent Joseph Bergant, Manager of Operations Dana Stearns, High School Principal Andy Fetchik, and Drew Trimble and Michael Sedlak, who were both assistant principals at the high school."[5] The plaintiffs had argued that more could have been done to prevent the shooting. Gibson's decision was upheld on appeal by the 11th Ohio District Court of Appeals. The defendants appealed to the state supreme court, which in July 2016 declined to hear the case. It was returned to the lower court for resolution, with Judge John P. O’Donnell presiding.[5]

2014 escape from prison[edit]

At 7:38 p.m on September 11, 2014, Lane escaped from Allen Correctional Institution in Lima, Ohio, along with two older inmates. They used a makeshift ladder to scale a fence during recreation hours.[82] 33-year-old Lindsey Bruce was quickly captured afterward. Lane and the other inmate, identified as 45-year-old Clifford Opperud of Carlisle, Ohio, who was serving a 12-year sentence for aggravated robbery, aggravated burglary, and kidnapping, remained at large.[83] Police conducted searches at a wooded area and a residential neighborhood near the prison.[84]

At 1:20 a.m. the following day, Lane was captured near the woods, and Opperud was apprehended about three hours later.[85]

Chardon High School was closed that same day, and counselors were made available to students and staff. Later in the day, Lane, Opperud, and Bruce were transferred to the Ohio State Penitentiary, a supermax prison in Youngstown, Ohio.[86] In the Youngstown prison, Lane was restricted to his cell for 23 hours a day, with one hour of recreation daily.[87] As of March 2016, Lane was transferred to the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility, a maximum-security prison in Lucasville.[88] He is currently held at the Warren Correctional Institution in Lebanon, Ohio.[89]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Horton, John (March 7, 2012). "T.J. Lane, accused Chardon High School gunman, appears in Geauga County Juvenile Court". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland Live. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d Caniglia, John (March 6, 2012). "T.J. Lane, accused in Ohio school shooting, described as quiet, smart, no outcast". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland Live LLC. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Jones, Melanie (February 27, 2012). "Is T.J. Lane the Chardon High School Shooter? Facebook Rant, Twitter Photos Leaked Online". International Business Times. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e Drissell, Rachel (March 2, 2012). "Accused Chardon High School shooter T.J. Lane's legal case is far from normal, experts say". cleveland.com. Cleveland Live LLC. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  5. ^ a b c Read, Tracey (July 27, 2016). "Supreme Court won't review wrongful death case in Chardon High School shooting". Archived from the original on November 28, 2019. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Kaufman, Tina (May 2, 2012). "Judge rules TJ Lane competent to stand trial in Chardon shooting". Scripps TV Station Group. Archived from the original on February 25, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  7. ^ Caniglia, John (May 24, 2012). "T.J. Lane to be tried as adult in Chardon High School shootings". The Plain Dealer. The Plain Dealer. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  8. ^ a b Rutti, Ron (January 12, 2019). "T.J. Lane family settles wrongful death lawsuits in Chardon shootings for almost $2.7 million". Cleveland Plain Dealer. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g "Chardon High School shooting: Victims identified". WKYC.com. Retrieved February 28, 2012.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ a b "Second student dies in shooting rampage at Ohio high school, authorities say". FoxNews.com. February 28, 2012.
  11. ^ a b c "Chardon shooting victim Russell King described as 'very social kid'". Cleveland Live LLC. February 28, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  12. ^ a b c "Chardon High School Shootings: 3rd Student is Dead". Fox8 Cleveland. February 28, 2012.
  13. ^ Farkas, Karen (February 28, 2012). "Demetrius Hewlin of Chardon dies after shooting at Ohio high school". The Plain Dealer.
  14. ^ a b Donaldson, Stan (February 28, 2012). "Chardon shooting victim Demetrius Hewlin liked to work out at the gym". Cleveland Live LLC. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  15. ^ O'Donnell, Patrick (February 27, 2012). "Chardon High School student describes shooter's silent rampage". Cleveland.com; The Plain Dealer. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
  16. ^ Townsend, Angela (March 5, 2012). "Nick Walczak, survivor of Ohio school shooting, begins rehab at MetroHealth". Cleveland.com The Plain Dealer. Cleveland. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
  17. ^ Ng, Christina (March 1, 2012). "Ohio School Shooting Survivor Has Bullets in Cheek and Neck". ABCNews.go.com. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
  18. ^ Dabrowski, Jessica (February 28, 2012). "Shooting Survivor Released from Hillcrest Hospital". fox8.com. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
  19. ^ a b Horton, John (February 27, 2012). "5 students hurt in shooting at Chardon High School; suspect in custody". Cleveland Live LLC. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  20. ^ a b c "Official: 5 hurt, 3 Dead in Ohio high school shooting". MSNBC.com. Archived from the original on February 27, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  21. ^ Johnston, Laura. "Chardon High School emergency plan prepared community for shooting tragedy". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  22. ^ Bell, Melissa (February 27, 2012). "Chardon, Ohio students recount teachers' bravery on Twitter". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  23. ^ "Reported Shooting at Chardon High School". New Vision Television. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  24. ^ a b c Crimesider Staff. "Report: Student confirms ID of Chardon HS shooter as T.J. Lane". CBS News. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  25. ^ Achladis, Ted (February 27, 2012). "CHARDON HIGH SCHOOL SHOOTING: 1 Student Dead, 4 Others Injured". Fox News. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  26. ^ "1 dead in Ohio school shooting; Suspect detained". CBS News. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  27. ^ a b c Krouse, Peter (February 28, 2012). "Chardon student Danny Parmertor killed in shooting liked snowboarding and wanted to work with computers". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland Live LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
  28. ^ "Chardon High School Shooting: Second Student Dies as Alleged Gunman Is Identified". ABC News. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  29. ^ a b "Chardon High School shootings: 3 dead, 1 released". WKYC-TV. February 28, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.[permanent dead link]
  30. ^ Moye, David. "T.J. Lane, Ohio School Shooting Suspect, Forgiven By Slain Child's Mother". HuffingtonPost.com. The Huffington Post. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
  31. ^ a b Ng, Christine. "Ohio School Shooting Survivor Has Bullets in Cheek and Neck". abcnews.com. ABC News Network. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  32. ^ a b DeLuca, Matthew (February 27, 2012). "Chardon School Shooting's Hero Teachers". The Daily Beast. The Newsweek/Daily Beast Company LLC. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  33. ^ a b c Jones, Melanie (February 28, 2012). "Who is T.J. Lane? 5 Things to Know About Chardon High School Shooting Suspect". International Business Times. The International Business Times Inc. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  34. ^ Severance, Cristin. "Chardon student calls teacher a hero". Scripps TV Station Group. Archived from the original on March 1, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  35. ^ Katrandjian, Olivia. "Ohio's Hero Football Coach Says 'I Wish I Could've Done More'". ABC News. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  36. ^ "Ohio coach who chased school shooter deflects 'hero' label". CNN Justice. Cable News Network. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
  37. ^ Wolf, Buck (February 28, 2012). "Ohio School Shooting: Russell King Jr., Student At Chardon High School, Declared Brain Dead". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  38. ^ a b c d Dissell, Rachel (February 29, 2012). "Ohio Gov. John Kasich encourages thousands at Chardon vigil to comfort, support grieving families". Cleveland Live LLC. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  39. ^ Baker, Brandon C. (February 28, 2012). "Neighbors, Friends Describe the T.J. Lane They Knew". The News-Herald. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  40. ^ a b Taylor, Lorrie (February 27, 2012). "Chardon School Shooting: Investigators Look for 'Anything, Everything'". WJW-TV. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  41. ^ a b Glasier, David. "Lake Academy staff speak about quality education and students, not about suspected Chardon High shooter". The News-Herald. Archived from the original on June 9, 2012. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
  42. ^ "One student killed, four injured in shooting at Ohio high school". FoxNews.com. February 28, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  43. ^ Sheehan, Thomas (February 27, 2012). "Ohio School Shooting: 5 Students Shot, 1 Dies At Chardon High School, Suspect In Custody". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  44. ^ Lieberman, Dan. "Ohio School Shooter Allegedly Killed Ex-Girlfriend's New Boyfriend, Students Tell ABC News". abcnews.com. ABC News Network. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  45. ^ a b "'Die, All Of You' T.J. Lane, Alleged Gunmen In High School Shooting, Writes Chilling Letter (DETAILS)", GlobalGrind. Retrieved on February 27, 2012.
  46. ^ a b c Pearson, Michael (February 28, 2012). "One dead, four hurt in Ohio high school shooting". CNN. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  47. ^ a b CNN Wire Staff (February 29, 2012). "Prosecutor: Suspect admitted to shootings at school". CNN.com. Retrieved February 28, 2012. {{cite news}}: |author= has generic name (help)
  48. ^ Nicas, Jack (February 29, 2012). "Third Teen Dead in School Attack". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  49. ^ Glasier, David. "T.J. Lane's history in focus: Records indicate Chardon shooting suspect has troubled past". The News-Herald. Journal Register. Archived from the original on May 12, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
  50. ^ "Judge makes accused Chardon shooter T. J. Lane's delinquency records available to media". The News-Herald. February 29, 2012. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
  51. ^ "Ohio shooting: One dead at Chardon High School". BBC News. February 27, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  52. ^ "Chardon Local Schools Alert/Information – 2/29/12". Chardon Local Schools. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  53. ^ Steer, Jen. "Vigil offers prayers, comfort after deadly Chardon High School shooting". Scripps TV Station Group. Archived from the original on March 1, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  54. ^ Waterhouse, Mike. "Thousands join Facebook-started effort to wear red in support of Chardon High School after shooting". Scripps TV Station Group. Archived from the original on March 1, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  55. ^ a b Steer, Jen. "United Way creates Chardon Healing Fund, TJ Lane likely to face aggravated murder charges". Scripps TV Station Group. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  56. ^ "BREAKING: Five students shot at Chardon High School, student suspect in custody". WOIO.com. Archived from the original on June 26, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  57. ^ "Ohio Gov. John Kasich orders Statehouse, Geauga flags at half-staff for Chardon shooting victim". Scripps TV Station Group. Archived from the original on March 1, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  58. ^ Koff, Stephen. "President Obama calls Chardon High principal, expresses condolences". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland Live LLC. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  59. ^ Horton, John (February 29, 2012). "Chardon High School students to walk together back to school this morning". Cleveland.com; The Plain Dealer. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
  60. ^ "Chardon students march in solidarity back to high school". Action News. WorldNow and WOIO. Archived from the original on June 26, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
  61. ^ "Ohio high schoolers head back to class after fatal shooting". CNN Justice. Cable News Network. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
  62. ^ a b Waterhouse, Mike. "Chardon supporters to create human barricade against Westboro funeral protesters". newsnet5.com. Scripps TV Station Group. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  63. ^ Byrne, Kristin. "Thousands form human barricade outside Chardon church to protect Parmertor family from protestors". newsnet5.com. Scripps TV Station Group. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  64. ^ "Funeral today for Demetrius Hewlin, Ohio school shooting victim". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland Live LLC. March 6, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
  65. ^ Allen, Erin Gibson (January 3, 2008). "Patriot Guard honors fallen soldiers at funerals". post-gazette.com. PG Publishing Co., Inc. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
  66. ^ Stanburn, Samatha. "Chardon school shootings: Third student dies". Global Post. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  67. ^ a b c Begos, Kevin. "Prosecutor: School shooter chose random victims". Fox News. Archived from the original on January 25, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  68. ^ a b c d Farkas, Karen (February 29, 2012). "T.J. Lane, Ohio school shooting suspect, chose victims at random, prosecutor says". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland Live LLC.
  69. ^ Peralta, Eyder (March 1, 2012). "Suspect In Ohio School Shooting Charged With Three Counts Of Murder". npr.org. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  70. ^ "Ohio teen TJ Lane charged with 3 juvenile counts of aggravated murder in school shootings". CBS News. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
  71. ^ "Ohio teen TJ Lane in court over shooting deaths". CBS News. CBS Interactive, Inc. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  72. ^ a b "Competency exam for Ohio school shooting suspect". fresnobee.com. Associated Press. Retrieved April 11, 2012.[permanent dead link]
  73. ^ McLaughlin, Michael (April 9, 2012). "T.J. Lane To Undergo Competency Test Before Ohio School Shooting Trial". The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  74. ^ Muscal, Michael (June 8, 2012). "Ohio school shooting suspect pleads not guilty in 3 deaths". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  75. ^ "Attorney: Someone's paying for Chardon shooting suspect to stay at juvenile facility". Newsnet5.com. June 20, 2012. Archived from the original on September 24, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  76. ^ a b Caniglia, John (March 19, 2013). "T.J. Lane sentenced to life in prison in Chardon High School shootings". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland Live LLC. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
  77. ^ Read, Tracey (February 27, 2013). "Chardon High School Shooter T.J. Lane Pleads Guilty". The News-Herald. Retrieved March 2, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  78. ^ a b c "T.J. Lane wears 'Killer' T-shirt at sentencing for murder of 3 Chardon students". The Plain Dealer. March 19, 2013.
  79. ^ a b Ng, Shelley (March 19, 2013). "'F--- all of you!': Ohio teen psycho T.J. Lane gives the finger and smirks as he is sentenced to life for shooting rampage that left three Chardon High School students dead". New York Daily News.
  80. ^ Ng, Christina (March 20, 2013). "How Ohio School Killer TJ Lane Snuck 'Killer' T-Shirt Past Authorities". ABC News.
  81. ^ "TJ Lane, Ohio high school shooter, sentenced to life in prison without parole". CBS News. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
  82. ^ "CAPTURED | Chardon shooter T.J. Lane in custody". WKYC.com. September 12, 2014. Archived from the original on September 12, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
  83. ^ "Inmate escapes from NorthWest Corrections Center". The Blade (Toledo, Ohio). Retrieved November 15, 2020.
  84. ^ Seewer, John (September 12, 2014). "Convicted killer in Ohio school shootings escapes". AP News. Retrieved November 15, 2020.
  85. ^ "BREAKING: TJ Lane captured". 19ActionNews.com. WorldNow and WOIO. September 12, 2014. Archived from the original on September 12, 2014. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
  86. ^ Ferrise, Adam. "T.J. Lane and other two inmates who escaped transferred to Youngstown maximum security prison". Cleveland.com. Northeast Ohio Media Group. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
  87. ^ Caniglia, John (September 15, 2014). "From pot to Pokémon: Prison records describe T.J. Lane's time behind bars before escape". Cleveland.com; The Plain Dealer. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
  88. ^ "Offender Search Detail: Thomas M. Lane III". DRC.Ohio.gov. Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction. Archived from the original on February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  89. ^ "Offender Details". appgateway.drc.ohio.gov. Retrieved November 12, 2021.

External links[edit]