|This article needs to be updated. (September 2013)|
Charenton was known for its humanitarian treatment of patients, especially under its director the Abbé de Coulmier in the early 19th century.
The noted Belgian-born musicologist and composer Jérôme-Joseph de Momigny also died at the Charenton asylum, in 1842. The caricaturist André Gill died there in 1885. The mathematician André Bloch spent the last three decades of his life there, and mathematician Joseph-Émile Barbier also stayed there before being found and brought back into academia by Bertrand.
Today, the psychiatric hospital is known as the Esquirol Hospital (l'Hôpital Esquirol), after Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol who directed the institution in the 19th century. The architect of the 1845 structure was Émile Gilbert.
- Marat/Sade, a play by Peter Weiss set at Charenton and featuring Coulmier and de Sade.
- Quills, a film set at Charenton and featuring Coulmier and de Sade.