Chariton County, Missouri
Chariton County Courthouse in Keytesville
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
|Founded||November 16, 1820|
|Named for||Chariton River|
|• Total||767 sq mi (1,990 km2)|
|• Land||751 sq mi (1,950 km2)|
|• Water||16 sq mi (40 km2) 2.0%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||10/sq mi (3.9/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Chariton County is a county located in the north-central portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,831. Its county seat is Keytesville. The county was organized November 16, 1820, from part of Howard County and is named for the Chariton River.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Education
- 5 Politics
- 6 Communities
- 7 Notable people
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Chariton County was settled primarily from the states of the Upper South, especially Kentucky and Tennessee. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and they quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Chariton was one of several counties settled mostly by southerners to the north and south of the Missouri River. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie and Chariton County was at its heart. It was heavily pro-Confederate during the American Civil War.
- Linn County (north)
- Macon County (northeast)
- Randolph County (east)
- Howard County (southeast)
- Saline County (southwest)
- Carroll County (west)
- Livingston County (northwest)
National protected area
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,438 people, 3,469 households, and 2,345 families residing in the county. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 4,250 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.99% White, 3.19% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 0.41% from two or more races. Approximately 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.8% were of German, 25.5% American, 9.7% English and 7.8% Irish ancestry.
There were 3,469 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 22.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,285, and the median income for a family was $39,176. Males had a median income of $25,263 versus $19,068 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,515. About 8.80% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.40% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over.
- Brunswick R-II School District – Brunswick
- Brunswick Elementary School (PK-06)
- Brunswick High School (07-12)
- Keytesville R-III School District – Keytesville
- Keytesville Elementary School (PK-06)
- Keytesville High School (07-12)
- Northwestern R-I School District – Mendon
- Northwestern Elementary School (PK-06)
- Northwestern High School (07-12)
- Salisbury R-IV School District – Salisbury
- Salisbury Elementary School (K-06)
- Salisbury High School (07-12)
The Democratic Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Chariton County. Democrats hold all but two of the elected positions in the county.
|Chariton County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Assessor||Darrin E. Gladbach||Democratic|
|Circuit Clerk||Eric Stallo||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Susan Littleton||Democratic|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Cliff Thornburg||Democratic|
|Public Administrator||Regina Emmerich||Democratic|
|2016||59.61% 2,364||38.40% 1,523||1.99% 79|
|2012||46.59% 1,770||50.99% 1,937||2.42% 92|
|2008||46.54% 1,951||51.67% 2,166||1.79% 75|
|2004||54.32% 2,350||44.87% 1,941||0.81% 35|
|2000||48.47% 1,998||50.39% 2,077||1.14% 47|
|1996||33.31% 1,326||65.16% 2,594||1.53% 61|
Chariton County is split between two districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, with both electing Republicans.
|Republican||Joe Don McGaugh||2,507||100.00%|
|Republican||Joe Don McGaugh||1,420||100.00%||+45.73|
|Republican||Joe Don McHaugh||1,562||54.27%|
|Democratic||David M. Blackwell||894||22.95||-2.32|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||72||1.85%||-2.27|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||96||4.12%||+2.25|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||70||1.87%|
Missouri presidential preference primary (2008)
- Former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 786, than any candidate from either party in Chariton County during the 2008 presidential primary. She also received more votes than the total number of votes cast in the entire Republican primary in Chariton County.
|Chariton County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||244 (34.41%)|
|Mike Huckabee||260 (36.67%)|
|Mitt Romney||167 (23.55%)|
|Ron Paul||28 (3.95%)|
|Chariton County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Clinton||786 (61.60%)|
|Barack Obama||402 (31.50%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||64 (5.02%)|
- Jane Hadley Barkley—former 2nd Lady of the U.S., wife of Alben Barkley. (Keytesville)
- Walt Disney—Film producer, animator, business leader. (Marceline)
- John Donaldson -- Negro league baseball pitcher. Known for pitching a large number of no-hitters. (Glasgow)
- J. William Fulbright—Longtime U.S. Senator and namesake of the Fulbright Scholarship. (Sumner)
- Cal Hubbard, -- Pro Football Hall of Fame member and former Major League Baseball umpire. (Keytesville)
- Vern Kennedy—Former Major League Baseball pitcher. (Mendon)
- Darold Knowles—Former MLB relief pitcher. First pitcher to ever appear in all seven games of a World Series. The baseball field at Brunswick R-II school is named in his honor. (Brunswick)
- Wayne E. Meyer—U.S. Navy admiral, "Father of the Aegis weapons system". (Brunswick)
- W. James Morgan—Union Army officer, responsible for the Burning of Platte City during the American Civil War. (Brunswick)
- Floyd B. Parks -- U.S. Marine aviator who earned the Navy Cross posthumously for his actions leading Marine fighter squadron VMF-221 during the Battle of Midway. (Salisbury)
- Sterling Price, - 11th Governor of Missouri. Confederate General in the Civil War (Keytesville)
- Sol Smith Russell—Comic stage actor of the late 19th century. Russell Opera House in Brunswick is named for him. (Brunswick)
- Wilbur Sweatman -- Ragtime and Dixieland jazz composer and performer. (Brunswick)
- Maxwell D. Taylor - U.S. Army general and diplomat. (Keytesville)
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "The Story of Little Dixie, Missouri" Archived 2012-07-17 at the Wayback Machine, Missouri Division - Sons of Confederate Veterans, accessed 3 June 2008
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Brunswick Area Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Dulany Memorial Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Keytesville Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-24.
- History of Howard and Chariton Counties, Missouri (1883) full text
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Chariton County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books