Charity Island Light
Historic deteriorated Charity Island Light (before the rebuilding)
|Location||Big Charity Island, Michigan|
|Year first constructed||1857|
|Year first lit||1857|
|Tower shape||Frustum of a cone|
|Markings / pattern||White with black lantern|
|Height||45 feet (14 m)|
|Focal height||45 feet (14 m)|
|Original lens||Fourth-order Fresnel lens|
|Range||13 nautical miles (24 km; 15 mi)|
In 1838, the region was the source of lumber being removed from Lower Michigan via the rivers that enter the lower end of Saginaw Bay. The shoals around Charity Island were a major source of problems, posing an obstacle to lumber vessels. It was not until 1856, however, that funds were allocated to establish a light on the island.
The octagonal cast iron lantern displayed a fixed white Fourth Order Fresnel lens light which was constructed in 1857 with a 39-foot (12 m) tower which provided a 13-nautical-mile (24 km; 15 mi) range of visibility. The Lighthouse Board was in the process of constructing a set of lights up and down the coast, and 13 nautical miles was considered adequate both to keep boats off the island and to navigate from one light to the next.
It was originally equipped with a white, Fourth Order Fresnel lens. Fourth order Fresnel lenses were 28 inches (710 mm), with a focal length of 9.8 inches (250 mm), and used 5 ounces (140 g) of oil per hour. Although a lens in that configuration had a range of up to 15 nautical miles (28 km; 17 mi), the Charity Island lens had a range of 13 nautical miles. In 1900, an acetylene lens replaced the 4th order lens. The lights characteristic changed from steady white light to a flashing light, at 10 second intervals. "Charity Island lighthouse was the first on the Great Lakes to receive such a light
The light was fully automated in 1900.
The original lighthouse keeper’s quarters was a wood duplex; attached by a walkway was the tower. In 1907, the tower was extended to 45 feet (14 m) and the dwelling gained a second story. In 1917 the site was the first to be automated with an acetylene lamp.
The Nature Conservancy is said to own the tower.
The Charity Island Preservation Committee of the Arenac County Historical Society is restoring the tower. The original keeper's house was razed, and a new restored private residence has been built in its place and on its foundation. It is being operated as a restaurant and a bed and breakfast. A full list of past keepers of the light is maintained for historical reference.
It is hard to get close enough to this light to see it. In this area, Lake Huron is quite shallow and rocky, and the light is too far out to be seen from shore. Getting a boat near it requires a motor, oars or a long paddle, and considerable care.
However, tours of the island (and dinner cruises) are commercially available on vessels named the Catamaran and the North Star. They include the privately owned and recently rebuilt Charity Island Light Lighthouse keeper's house and a passing view of Gravelly Shoal Light. They are available from Charity Island Transport, Inc. in Au Gres, Michigan, on the mainland, south of Tawas.
- "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
- Pepper, Terry. "Database of Tower Heights". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com.
- Pepper, Terry. "Database of Focal Heights". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com.
- Seeing The Light - Charity Island Lighthouse
- Pepper, Terry. "Database of Original Lenses". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com.
- Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society, Charity Island (Lake Huron/Saginaw Bay) Light ARLHS USA-943
- Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society, World List of Lights (WLOL).
- Charity Island Light, The Michigan Lighthouse Fund
- Lighthouse Central, Photographs, History, Directions and Way points for Charity Island Lighthouse, The Ultimate Guide to East Michigan Lighthouses by Jerry Roach (Publisher: Bugs Publishing LLC - July 2006). ISBN 0-9747977-1-5; ISBN 978-0-9747977-1-7.
- Charity Island Lighthouse, Seeing The Light, Terry Pepper
- Beacons in the Night, Michigan Lighthouse Chronology, Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University
- Bostwick, Violet M., Charity Island Light, Boatnerd.com.
- Detroit News Interactive map on Michigan lighthouses. Cite error: Invalid
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- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Michigan's Eastern Lower Peninsula". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- Biggs, Jerry, Home Begins at Charity, Lighthouse Digest, November, 1995.
- Michigan Lighthouse Conservancy, Charity Island Light.
- National Park Service, Maritime Heritage Project, Inventory of Historic Light Stations - Michigan Lighthouses, Charity Island Light.
- Charity Island Preservation Committee.
- Anderson, Kraig, Lighthouse friends, Charity Island Light.
- Lighthouses as bed and breakfasts.
- Keepers of the Charity Island Light, Great Lakes Lighthouse Research, Phyllis Tag
- Charity Island ferry service.
- Harrison, Tim (editor of Lighthouse Digest and President of the American Lighthouse Foundation), (September, 2009) Ghost Lights of Michigan (Rare historic images and text on Michigan's lost and obscure lighthouse, including bonus chapters on lightships and lighthouse tenders.) East Machias, Maine: Foghorn Publishing, ISBN 978-0-9778293-3-0.
- Charity Island - Visiting the island
- Interactive map of lighthouses in area by LighthousesRus
- Map of Michigan Lighthouses from Michigan.gov
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- Photos of Charity Island Lighthouse (current) and ferry.
- Terry Pepper, Charity Island Lighthouse, Seeing The Light.
- Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard.