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|• Spoken||Haryanavi, Hindi, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-HR|
HR 19HR 84 (Commercial)
|Nearest city||Kosli, BhiwaniRohatak|
|Sex ratio||54:46 ♂/♀|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Dadri (Vidhan Sabha constituency)|
Charkhi Dadri is a city and headquarters of Charkhi Dadri district in the state of Haryana, India, about 90 km from Delhi. The town was made by joining the villages of Charkhi and Dadri after urban development. Charkhi Dadri is on NH 148 B between Narnaul to Bathinda and NH 348B between Meerut to Pilani segment passing through the city.
Charkhi Dadri is a town located in southern Haryana 110 kilometres (68 mi) from the national capital of New Delhi. Folklore claims that the name "Dadri" is derived from a lake called Dadar. According to another anecdote, the place had a lake which was full of dadur (Sanskrit: frog) from which it took its current name. It is said that one day Dada Bilhan Singh, a descendant of Prithviraj Chauhan, came to this area and saw a cow and lion drinking water side by side. Intrigued by the sight, he went to a nearby cottage where a Mahatma named Swami Dayal lived. Bilhan Singh asked for the Mahatma's blessings and advice and was told that if he made the place his home, his family would be blessed and would rule over it in the future. In the past, Dadri was also a district or pargana and a state or riyasat.
Charkhi Dadri is the main market for all nearby villages and has its own food and grain markets and one FCI godown.
Charkhi Dadri has given many seasoned politicians and statesean to the state. Chandrawati, Ganpat Rai - Ex-MLA, Hargain Singh Gochwal, Hukam Singh (master) - late Ex Chief Minister, Kripa Ram Phogat (late) - head of first labor union of Delhi Transport corporation, Ram Kishan Gupta (late) - Ex-MP and educationalist, are a few prominent people who made their mark on national map of politics and social Works.
It has many shopping institutions such as main market and hira chowk. Various motor vehicle showroom like Bajaj, Chevrolet, Hero, Honda, Mahindra and tvs are present here. It makes Charkhi Dadri a big market for shopping.
As of the 2001 India census, Charkhi Dadri had a population of 44,892. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Charkhi Dadri has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with male literacy of 76% and female literacy of 62%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The major part of the ethnographic spectrum of the population is constituted by Jat people who have come from various neighbouring villages as well as many of them are descendants of the Rajput founders of the city. Another major chunk is descendant of Maratha warriors who after the defeat in the Third Battle Of Panipat, decided to settle in the nearby places. Another major community belongs to Bania (caste), Punjabi who live in clusters in the areas of Subhash Chowk, Kath Mandi, Pahwa Chowk and Ladhan Paana, are also found in great numbers. Saini live in majority in Saini Pura, Jhajjar Ghati, Bir Bhairvi earlier known as "Gwadiwala Johar founded by late Nathu Ram Saini under the Peepal tree, age of peepal tree is more than 100 years and now alive and Brahmin who lives majorly in the concentrated pockets of old city called Chotti Bazari and places around Anaj mandi. Nevertheless, the city is a perfect melange with people from other diverse castes and communities as well."
There are some historic places in the city which include Shyamesar Johar (pond) and Dayal Temple to name a few.
During Raj times, Ch. Dadri was a princely state with an area of 575sq miles and revenue of Rs 103000 annually. In 1857 war, the Nawab of Dadri, Bahadur Jung Khan who had given token allegiance to Emperor ˞BahadurShah Zafar, surrendered to British and tried by military court martial in Delhi on 27 Nov. 1857. He was removed to Lahore. Dadri was awarded to Raja Sarup Singh of Jind for his services to EIC in the 1857 war. In 1864, some fifty villages revolted against his descendant Raja Raghbir Singh in May 1864 but the rebellion was crushed. Three principal villages which took part in the rebellion, Charkhi, Mankinas and Jhanjhu, were burned down.
1996 mid-air collision
Charkhi Dadri came to media attention when, on November 12, 1996, a Kazakhstan Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 struck a Saudia Boeing 747 in the sky above the village, causing both jets to crash into the fields below. The collision resulted in the deaths of all 349 people on board both aircraft. It was the deadliest mid-air collision on record, the deadliest aviation disaster that left no survivors, the deadliest aviation disaster in India, as well as the third-deadliest aviation disaster of all time.
Cement Corporation Of India (CCI) established one of its cement plants in Haryana. The plant was commissioned in 1982 with an installed capacity of 174,000 tonnes per annum. The process used in the plant was a semi-dry one. The plant is sprawled across 198 acres (0.80 km2). It functioned for almost 15 years before production was stopped in 1996 due to various issues. It remains closed.
Late Ram Kishan Gupta, then a former parliamentarian founded the Dadri Education Society. There are several educational institutions, including Murari Lal Rasiwasiya Ayurvedic College (MLRAC), KAIM (Kedarnath Aggarwal Institute of Management), and JVMGRR Institute of Computer Applications, in Charkhi Dadri. There are also Apeejay School, DRK Adarsh Vidya Mandir, RED School, and Vaish Girls Senior Secondary School.
Places to see
Charkhi Dadri is the newly formed district of Haryana.It was created in 2016 as the 22nd district of Haryana.Charkhi Dadri is a small but busy town with a good market. Both branded and non-branded goods are available for shopping.There are many temples worth seeing in Charkhi Dadri like Rest House temple, Hanuman Temple Keekar Vasni, Rangeela Hanuman Mandir, Baala Waala Johar, Devi Dhana and Shri Guru Nanak Satsang Sabha (Subhash Chowk).
Ranila, the village is at distance of 22km from Charkhi Dadri, having a world famous 1008 Aadinath Jain temple which is not only a beautiful site to visit, but a peaceful as well. Tourist visits here and feel the peace and difference. While travelling from Charkhi Dadri to Bhiwani by train, first stoppage is Fatehgarh Haryana.
- Geeta Phogat - wrestler
- Master Hukam Singh Former CM of Haryana
- Babita Kumari Phogat- wrestler
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