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|• Spoken||Haryanavi, Hindi, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-HR|
|Vehicle registration||HR 19 HR 84 (Commercial)|
|Nearest city||Kosli, Bhiwani,. Rohtak|
|Sex ratio||54:46 ♂/♀|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Dadri (Vidhan Sabha constituency)|
Charkhi Dadri is a city and headquarters of Charkhi Dadri district in the state of Haryana, India, about 90 km from Delhi. The town was made by joining the villages of Charkhi and Dadri after urban development. Charkhi Dadri, located in southern Haryana 110 kilometres (68 mi) from the national capital of New Delhi, is on NH 148B between Narnaul to Bathinda and NH 348B between Meerut to Pilani segment passing through the city.
"Dadri" is derived from a lake called Dadar which was full of dadur (Sanskrit: frog) from which it took its current name. To distinguish Dadri from other similarly named places in the area, sometimes Dadri's name was appended to the nearby village of Charkhi. After India became independent, in recognition of contribution of people of Charki village during the first war of independence in 1857 against the Britih colonial rule and Praja Mandala movement against the oppressive rule of the Jind State, the government officially named the town as Charkhi-Dadri.
When Ramkrishna Dalmia, the founder of Dalmia Group, established a cement factory at Dadri during the rule of Jind State, the town was renamed as "Dalmia Dadri" on request of Sir Ganga Ram Kaul who was then Chief Minister of Jind State, which was renamed to "Charkhi Dadri" when Jind State was merged with Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) in 1948.
According to the oral tradition, he saw a cow and lion drinking water side by side at dadur lake. Intrigued by the sight, he went to a nearby cottage where a Mahatma named Swami Dayal lived. Bilhan Singh sought Mahatma's blessings and was told that if he made the place his home, his family would be blessed and would rule over it in the future.
During the medieval times, Dadri was also a pargana (district) and riyasat (state). Mughal emperors Akbar and Farrukhsiyar both issued firmans (housed in Red Fort Archaeological Museum and "Rao Harnarian Singh Dhan Collection of Charkhi Dadri" respectively) to grant land to zamindars as "madad-i-mash" (subsistence allowance). In 1780 CE, mughal emperor Shah Alam II bestwowed the title of Rao of some Brahmins of the town.
British colonial era
In 1806, British raj gave Charkhi Dadri to Nawab of Jhajjhar, the ruler of a princely state who stayed in power till 1857. Charkhi Dadri tract had an area of 575sq miles and revenue of Rs 10,3000 annually. In 1857 war, the Nawab of Dadri, Bahadur Jung Khan who had given token allegiance to Emperor ˞BahadurShah Zafar, surrendered to British and tried by military court martial in Delhi on 27 Nov. 1857. He was removed to Lahore. Dadri was awarded to Raja Sarup Singh of Jind for his services to EIC in the 1857 war. In May 1864, some fifty villages revolted against his descendant Raja Raghbir Singh but the rebellion was crushed. Three principal villages which took part in the rebellion, Charkhi, Mankinas and Jhanjhu, were burned down. Notable Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian scholars lived here as evident by the collection of Sanskrit and Persianl manuscripts by Rao Uttam Singh, a teacher to the King of Jind State.
1996 mid-air collision
Charkhi Dadri came to media attention when, on November 12, 1996, a Kazakhstan Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 struck a Saudia Boeing 747 in the sky above the village, causing both jets to crash into the fields below. The collision resulted in the deaths of all 349 people on board both aircraft. It was the deadliest mid-air collision on record, the deadliest aviation disaster that left no survivors, the deadliest aviation disaster in India, as well as the third-deadliest aviation disaster of all time (Not including 9/11).
Formation of district
There are some historic places in the city which include Shyamesar Lake and Dayal Temple to name a few.
- Baba Shami Dayal Samadhi and temple:
Most ancient monument in the town is he Samadhi of Baba Shami Dayal, who is Jathera (als called Dhok) of Phogat gotra of Jats, holds an annual fair on 8th day of Bhado month of hindu Vikram Samvat calender.
- Shyamesar lake:
In 1687 CE during Aurangzeb rule, Lala Sita Ram built the Shyamesar lake at the cost of Rs. 100,000. Lala was also mentioned as the treasurer of mughal emperor Muhammad Shah (r. 1719-48) in the "1904 Phulkian States Gazetteer".
- Charkhi Dadri Fort:
In first half of 19th century the Nawab of Jhajjar built a fort here which is currently coccupied by various government offices. In the second half of 19th centrusy the Jind State built the "Dorothy villa" which is currently being used as the "PWD Rest House".
As of the 2001 India census, Charkhi Dadri had a population of 44,892. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Charkhi Dadri has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with male literacy of 76% and female literacy of 62%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The major part of the ethnographic spectrum of the population is constituted by Jat people who have come from various neighbouring villages as well as many of them are descendants of the Rajput founders of the city. Another major chunk is descendant of Maratha warriors who after the defeat in the Third Battle Of Panipat, decided to settle in the nearby places. Another major community belongs to Bania (caste), Punjabi who live in clusters in the areas of Subhash Chowk, Kath Mandi, Pahwa Chowk and Ladhan Paana, are also found in great numbers. Saini live in majority in Saini Pura, Jhajjar Ghati, Bir Bhairvi earlier known as "Gwadiwala Johar founded by late Nathu Ram Saini under the Peepal tree, age of peepal tree is more than 100 years and now alive and Brahmin who lives majorly in the concentrated pockets of old city called Chotti Bazari and places around Anaj mandi. Nevertheless, the city is a perfect melange with people from other diverse castes and communities as well."
Charkhi Dadri is the main market for all nearby villages and has its own food and grain markets and one FCI godown. It has many shopping institutions such as main market and hira chowk. Various motor vehicle showroom like Bajaj, Chevrolet, Hero, Honda, Mahindra and tvs are present here. It makes Charkhi Dadri a big market for shopping.
Cement Corporation Of India (CCI) established one of its cement plants in Haryana. The plant was commissioned in 1982 with an installed capacity of 174,000 tonnes per annum. The process used in the plant was a semi-dry one. The plant is sprawled across 198 acres (0.80 km2). It functioned for almost 15 years before production was stopped in 1996 due to various issues. It remains closed.
Chandrawati, Ganpat Rai - Ex-MLA, Hargain Singh Gochwal, Hukam Singh (master) - late Ex Chief Minister, Kripa Ram Phogat (late) - head of first labor union of Delhi Transport corporation, Ram Kishan Gupta (late) - Ex-MP and educationalist, are a few prominent politicians.
Late Ram Kishan Gupta, then a former parliamentarian founded the Dadri Education Society. There are several educational institutions, including Murari Lal Rasiwasiya Ayurvedic College (MLRAC), KAIM (Kedarnath Aggarwal Institute of Management), and JVMGRR Institute of Computer Applications, in Charkhi Dadri. There are also Apeejay School, DRK Adarsh Vidya Mandir, RED School, and Vaish Girls Senior Secondary School.
Places to see
Charkhi Dadri is the newly formed district of Haryana.It was created in 2016 as the 22nd district of Haryana.Charkhi Dadri is a small but busy town with a good market. Both branded and non-branded goods are available for shopping.There are many temples worth seeing in Charkhi Dadri like Rest House temple, Hanuman Temple Keekar Vasni, Rangeela Hanuman Mandir, Baala Waala Johar, Devi Dhana and Shri Guru Nanak Satsang Sabha (Subhash Chowk).
Ranila, the village is at distance of 22km from Charkhi Dadri, having a world famous 1008 Aadinath Jain temple which is not only a beautiful site to visit, but a peaceful as well. Tourist visits here and feel the peace and difference. While travelling from Charkhi Dadri to Bhiwani by train, first stoppage is Fatehgarh Haryana.
- Geeta Phogat - wrestler
- Master Hukam Singh Former CM of Haryana
- Babita Kumari Phogat- wrestler
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