|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2009)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Nearest city||Kosli, Bhiwani|
|Sex ratio||54:46 ♂/♀|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Dadri (Vidhan Sabha constituency)|
Charkhi Dadri tehsil
Charkhi Dadri is a tehsil with 184 villages and . It is located in southern Haryana 110 kilometres (68 mi) from the national capital Delhi. Folklore claims that the name "Dadri" is derived from a lake called Dadar. According to another anecdote, the place had a lake which was full of dadur (Sanskrit: frog) from which it took its current name. It is said that one day Dada Bilhan Singh, a descendant of Prithviraj Chauhan, came to this area and saw a cow and lion drinking water side by side. Intrigued by the sight, he went to a nearby cottage where a Mahatma named Swami Dayal lived. Bilhan Singh asked for the Mahatma's blessings and advice and was told that if he made the place his home, his family would be blessed and would rule over it in the future. In the past, Dadri was also a district or pargana and a state or riyasat.
Charkhi Dadri is the main market for all nearby villages and has its own food and grain markets and one FCI godown. People of many gotras live in Charkhi Dadri, the major ones being Bansal, Phogat, Sheoran, JatRana and Sangwan. Despite being just a tehsil, Charkhi Dadri has given many seasoned politicians and statesman to the state. Master Hukum Singh late Ex Chief Minister, Choudhary Hargain Singh Gochwal, Chandravati, Ramesh Joshi, Late Ram kishan Gupta - Ex-MP and educationalist are a few prominent names which made their mark on national map of politics and social works.
As of the 2001 India census, Charkhi Dadri had a population of 44,892. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Charkhi Dadri has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with male literacy of 76% and female literacy of 62%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. The progress made by the town in the field of education is mainly due to efforts of Late Shri Ram Kishan Gupta (was also an ex-MP), who founded 'the Dadri Education Society'. Under the ambit of this trust fall 3 schools & 7 colleges. The major part of the ethnographic spectrum of the population is constituted by Jat people who have come from various neighbouring villages as well as many of them are descendants of the Rajput founders of the city. Another major chuk is descendant of Maratha warriors who after the defeat of Panipat battle, decided to settle in the nearby places. Another major community belongs to Bania (caste) and Brahmin who lives majorly in the concentrated pockets of old city called Chotti Bazari and places around Anaj mandi. Nevertheless, the city is a perfect melange with people from other diverse castes and communities as well. There are some locally famous places in the city which include Shyamesar Johar (pond) and Dayal Temple to name a few.
1996 aircraft collision
Charkhi Dadri came to media attention in when, on November 12, 1996, a Kazakhstan Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 struck a Saudia Boeing 747 in the skies above the village, causing both jets to crash into the fields below. The collision resulted in the deaths of all 349 people on board both aircraft—the deadliest mid-air collision on record and the deadliest aviation disaster in India, as well as the third-deadliest aviation disaster of all time.
Cement plant - Cement Corporation of India
Cement Corporation Of India (CCI) established one of its cement plants in Haryana. The plant was commissioned in 1982 with an installed capacity of 174,000 tonnes per annum. The process used in the plant was a semi-dry one and the plant is sprawled across 198 acres (0.80 km2). The plant functioned for almost 15 years before production was stopped in 1996 due to various issues and the plant remains closed till date.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Accident Database: Accident Synopsis 11121996". Airdisaster.com. 1996-11-12. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
- "Ten Worst Airplane Crashes in History - BootsnAll Toolkit". Toolkit.bootsnall.com. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
- "Charkhi-Dadri Cement Factory". Cement Corporation of India.