Charkhi Dadri

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This article is about the town and district of Haryana. For Town in Uttar Pradesh, see Dadri.
Charkhi Dadri
City/District
Charkhi Dadri is located in Haryana
Charkhi Dadri
Charkhi Dadri
Charkhi Dadri is located in India
Charkhi Dadri
Charkhi Dadri
Location in Haryana, India
Coordinates: 28°35′N 76°16′E / 28.59°N 76.27°E / 28.59; 76.27Coordinates: 28°35′N 76°16′E / 28.59°N 76.27°E / 28.59; 76.27
Country  India
State Haryana
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Haryanvi language
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 127306
Telephone code 01250
ISO 3166 code IN-HR
Vehicle registration HR 19
Nearest city Kosli, Bhiwani
Sex ratio 54:46 /
Literacy 70%
Vidhan Sabha constituency Dadri (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
Climate Dry (Köppen)
Website haryana.gov.in

Charkhi Dadri is a city and headquarter of its namesake 22nd district in the state of Haryana, India, about 105 km from Delhi.[1] The town/district was made by joining the villages of Charkhi and Dadri after urban development. Charkhi Dadri is on NH 148 B between Narnaul to Bathinda) segment passing through the city. In 1996, a Saudia 747 and Kazakhstani Ilyushin collided above this place. No one survived.

Charkhi Dadri[edit]

Charkhi Dadri is a district located in southern Haryana 110 kilometres (68 mi) from the national capital of New Delhi. Folklore claims that the name "Dadri" is derived from a lake called Dadar. According to another anecdote, the place had a lake which was full of dadur (Sanskrit: frog) from which it took its current name. It is said that one day Dada Bilhan Singh, a descendant of Prithviraj Chauhan, came to this area and saw a cow and lion drinking water side by side. Intrigued by the sight, he went to a nearby cottage where a Mahatma named Swami Dayal lived. Bilhan Singh asked for the Mahatma's blessings and advice and was told that if he made the place his home, his family would be blessed and would rule over it in the future. In the past, Dadri was also a district or pargana and a state or riyasat.

Charkhi Dadri is the main market for all nearby villages and has its own food and grain markets and one FCI godown. People of many gotras live in Charkhi Dadri, the major ones being Bansal, Goyal, Janghu, Jangra, Lor, Phogat, Prajapati, Rana, Saini, Sangwan, Sheoran. Charkhi Dadri has given many seasoned politicians and statesman to the state. Chandrawati, Ganpat Rai - Ex-MLA, Hargain Singh Gochwal, Hukam Singh (master) - late Ex Chief Minister, Kripa Ram Phogat (late) - head of first labor union of Delhi Transport corporation, Ram Kishan Gupta (late) - Ex-MP and educationalist, are a few prominent names which made their mark on national map of politics and social Works. It has many shopping institutions such as main market and hira chowk. Various motor vehicle showroom like bajaj, chevrolet, hero, honda, mahindra and tvs are present here. It makes Charkhi Dadri a big market for shopping.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 India census,[2] Charkhi Dadri had a population of 44,892. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Charkhi Dadri has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with male literacy of 76% and female literacy of 62%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The major part of the ethnographic spectrum of the population is constituted by Jat people who have come from various neighbouring villages as well as many of them are descendants of the Rajput founders of the city. Another major chunk is descendant of Maratha warriors who after the defeat in the Third Battle Of Panipat, decided to settle in the nearby places. Another major community belongs to Bania (caste), Punjabi who live in clusters in the areas of Subhash Chowk, Kath Mandi, Pahwa Chowk and Ladhan Paana, are also found in great numbers. Saini live in majority in Saini Pura, Jhajjar Ghati, Bir Bhairvi earlier known as "Gwadiwala Johar founded by late Nathu Ram Saini under the Peepal tree, age of peepal tree is more than 100 years and now alive and Brahmin who lives majorly in the concentrated pockets of old city called Chotti Bazari and places around Anaj mandi. Nevertheless, the city is a perfect melange with people from other diverse castes and communities as well.

There are some locally places in the city which include Shyamesar Johar (pond) and Dayal Temple to name a few.

1996 Mid-air Collision[edit]

Charkhi Dadri came to media attention when, on November 12, 1996, a Kazakhstan Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 struck a Saudia Boeing 747 in the skies above the village, causing both jets to crash into the fields below. The collision resulted in the deaths of all 349 people on board both aircraft—the deadliest mid-air collision on record and the deadliest aviation disaster in India,[3] as well as the third-deadliest aviation disaster of all time.[4]

Cement plant - Cement Corporation of India[edit]

Cement Corporation Of India (CCI) established one of its cement plants in Haryana. The plant was commissioned in 1982 with an installed capacity of 174,000 tonnes per annum. The process used in the plant was a semi-dry one and the plant is sprawled across 198 acres (0.80 km2). The plant functioned for almost 15 years before production was stopped in 1996 due to various issues and the plant remains closed till date.[5]

Educational Institutions[edit]

Late Ram Kishan Gupta, then a former parliamentarian [6] founded the Dadri Education Society.[7] There are several educational institutions including Murari Lal Rasiwasiya Ayurvedic College(MLRAC) ,KAIM (Kedarnath Aggarwal Institute of Management, JVMGRR Institute of Computer Applications are in Charkhi Dadri. There are many schools offering education like Apeejay School, DRK Adarsh Vidya Mandir, RED School, Vaish Girls Sr. Sec. School.school.

Places to see[edit]

Charkhi Dadri is a small but busy town with a good market. Both branded and non-branded goods are available for shopping. There are many temples worth seeing in Charkhi Dadri like Rest House temple, Hanuman Temple Keekar Vasni, Rangeela Hanuman Mandir, Baala Waala Johar, Kapoori Pahadi (Shiv Temple) and Shri Guru Nanak Satsang Sabha (Subhash Chowk). Compter Point Near City Police Station, R.K. Traders, Near State bank of Patiala Charkhi Dadri is connected by Road and Rail to Delhi.

Notable People[edit]

  • Geeta Phogat (Wrestler)[8]
  • Shri Umed Singh (Deputy Director, NHB)[9]
  • Satyawrat Janghu (President, Reformist Mission)[10]
  • Jatin Dua Owner of Computer Point City Complex , Near City Police Station Charkhi Dadri 9416960085[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Charkhi Dadri is state's 22nd district". http://www.tribuneindia.com. The Tribune Trust. Retrieved 20 November 2016.  External link in |website= (help)
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ "Accident Database: Accident Synopsis 11121996". Airdisaster.com. 1996-11-12. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  4. ^ "Ten Worst Airplane Crashes in History - BootsnAll Toolkit". Toolkit.bootsnall.com. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  5. ^ "Charkhi-Dadri Cement Factory". Cement Corporation of India. 
  6. ^ . Tribune http://www.tribuneindia.com/2004/20040106/haryana.htm#8. Retrieved 30 December 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-16. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  8. ^ "Dangal in Real Life: How Geeta Phogat Won the 2010 CWG Gold". News18. 26 December 2016. 
  9. ^ "List of NHB Officers". 
  10. ^ "Reformist Mission (India)". www.reformistmission.com. 
  11. ^ "Jatin Dua". www.facebook.com/jdua3.