Charlene, Princess of Monaco

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Charlene
Charlene, Princess of Monaco-6.jpg
Princess Charlene at the wedding of Princess Madeleine of Sweden in June 2013
Princess consort of Monaco
Tenure1 July 2011 – Present
BornCharlene Lynette Wittstock
(1978-01-25) 25 January 1978 (age 43)
Bulawayo, Rhodesia
Spouse
(m. 2011)
Issue
FatherMichael Wittstock
MotherLynette Humberstone
OccupationSwimmer
SignatureCharlene's signature
Sports career
Medal record
Women's swimming
Representing  South Africa
Commonwealth Games
Silver medal – second place 2002 Manchester 4 x 100 m medley
All-Africa Games
Gold medal – first place 1999 Johannesburg 100 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 1999 Johannesburg 100 m backstroke
Gold medal – first place 1999 Johannesburg 4 x 100 m medley
Silver medal – second place 1999 Johannesburg 4 x 100 m freestyle

Charlene[1] (née Charlene Lynette Wittstock; French: Charlène;[2][fn 1] born 25 January 1978) is the Princess of Monaco and a former Olympic swimmer. Her husband, Albert II, is the reigning Prince of Monaco and head of the Princely House of Grimaldi.

Charlene was born in Bulawayo, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), the daughter of Michael and Lynette Wittstock; the family relocated to South Africa in 1989. She began her swimming career in 1996 (winning the South African Championship) and represented South Africa at the 2000 Sydney Olympics, with her team finishing fifth in the 4 × 100-metre medley relay. Charlene retired from professional swimming in 2007.

Charlene met Prince Albert at the Mare Nostrum swimming competition in Monte Carlo, Monaco, in 2000.[1] The couple married on 1 July 2011. On 10 December 2014, she gave birth to twins Princess Gabriella and Hereditary Prince Jacques. Princess Charlene's charity work primarily revolves around sport, AIDS, and underprivileged children.[3] Charlene founded the Princess Charlene of Monaco Foundation in 2012 to support her personal humanitarian endeavors.[4]

Early life and family[edit]

Charlene Lynette Wittstock was born on 25 January 1978 in Bulawayo, Rhodesia,[5] to Michael Kenneth Wittstock (b. 1946),[6] a sales manager, and Lynette, née Humberstone (b. 1959), a former competitive diver and swimming coach.[7][8] The Wittstock family is of German origin; Wittstock's great-great-grandparents Martin Gottlieb Wittstock (1840–1915) and his wife Johanne Luise Wittstock (née Schönknecht; 1850–1932) emigrated to South Africa from the Pomeranian village of Zerrenthin in northern Germany in 1861 to escape hardship. In South Africa, the Wittstocks worked as handyworkers and unsuccessfully prospected for diamonds.[9] She was given a certificate in 2014 which verified her Irish ancestry.[10]

Wittstock has two younger brothers: Gareth, a coffeehouse businessman in Monaco,[11] and Sean, a promotions and events businessman in South Africa.[7][12] The family relocated to South Africa in 1989, when Wittstock was 12 years old.[5] She attended Tom Newby Primary school in Benoni, near Johannesburg, from 1988 to 1991.[13]

Swimming career[edit]

Wittstock won three gold medals and a silver medal at the 1999 All-Africa Games in Johannesburg. She represented South Africa at the 1998 and 2002 Commonwealth Games, winning a silver medal in the 4 × 100 m medley relay in the latter competition. She also was a member of the South African women's 4×100 m medley team at the 2000 Summer Olympics, which finished fifth. Wittstock finished sixth at the 2002 FINA Short Course World Championships for the 200 m breaststroke. Throughout her career, Wittstock gave swimming lessons to underprivileged children.[2] She left her Durban-based team (the Seagulls) to join the Tuks Swimming Club at the High Performance Centre of the University of Pretoria.[14] However, she never enrolled in classes. The Club sponsored her by providing her with free access to their pools, free coaching, accommodation, and gymnasium access.

Wittstock decided to leave Pretoria in January 2005, and returned to Durban; she then went to the north coast of KwaZulu-Natal, where she joined a former University of Pretoria swimming coach, Branislav Ivkovic. On 13 April 2007, Wittstock regained her title as South Africa's 50-metre women's backstroke champion when she completed the 50 m backstroke final at the Telkom SA National Aquatic Championships in 30:16 seconds, to finish third behind Australia's Sophie Edington and Brazil's Fabíola Molina. She planned to compete in the 2008 Summer Olympics in China as her swansong, but did not qualify.[15] Previously, Wittstock had been out of competitive swimming for 18 months with a shoulder injury.[15]

Marriage[edit]

Wittstock met Albert II, Prince of Monaco, in 2000 at the Mare Nostrum swimming meet in Monaco.[7][16] They made their public debut as a couple at the opening ceremony of the 2006 Winter Olympics.[5] She accompanied him to the weddings of the Crown Princess of Sweden in 2010 and of the Duke of Cambridge in 2011.

The Prince and Princess at the "Cinema Against AIDS" Gala with Karl Lagerfeld (right) in 2011

Wittstock has been Honorary President of Ladies Lunch Monte Carlo since 2009, and associated with the Nelson Mandela Foundation since 2010.[3] On 23 June 2010, the palace announced their engagement.[17][18][19][20] Her engagement ring featured a pear-shaped three-carat diamond at the center and surrounding diamond brilliants. The ring was reported to be created by Parisian jeweller Repossi. Wittstock, who was raised a Protestant, converted to Roman Catholicism, despite it not being a requirement in the Constitution of Monaco.[21][22] The future princess was also instructed in French and the Monégasque dialect, and became familiar with European court protocol.[23]

The wedding was originally scheduled for 8 and 9 July 2011, but was moved forward to prevent a conflict with the International Olympic Committee (IOC) meeting in Durban on 5–9 July, which they both attended. The couple had invited members of the IOC, including president Jacques Rogge, to their wedding.[24]

The couple was married in a civil ceremony on 1 July 2011 in the Throne Room of the Prince's Palace.[5] Wittstock was reported to be in tears during the wedding.[25] The religious ceremony took place in the courtyard of the palace on 2 July, and was presided over by Archbishop Bernard Barsi.[5] The couple honeymooned in Mozambique.

Princess of Monaco[edit]

The Princess wearing white on an official state visit to the Vatican in 2016

On 30 May 2014, the palace announced Charlene's pregnancy. It was confirmed on 9 October 2014 that the couple was expecting twins by the end of the year.[26][27] On 10 December 2014, her twins were born at The Princess Grace Hospital Centre.[28] Princess Gabriella was born first, followed by Hereditary Prince Jacques, who is heir apparent to the throne.[29]

Charlene's advisor is Corinna zu Sayn-Wittgenstein. Since 2009, she has been honorary president of Ladies Lunch Monte-Carlo.[2] Since 2010, Princess Charlene has been associated with the Nelson Mandela Foundation.[30] In May 2011, she became a global ambassador for the Special Olympics, promoting 'respect and inclusion' for people with intellectual disabilities worldwide.[31] She has stated that the movement is close to her heart as a former athlete, and values its role in "using the power of sport to change lives".[31] In July 2011, she became a co-patron of Giving Organisations Trust, a group of South African charities that work with AIDS, underprivileged children, and environmentalism.[2] Princess Charlene is a trustee of the Princess Grace Foundation-USA, and attends their annual awards ceremony.[32]

Charlene regularly participates in fundraising events for amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research. She is currently the honorary president of Monaco Against Autism. In 2012, she became the patron of AS Rugby Monaco and also the honorary president of Monaco Liver Disorder and the MONAA association.[2][30] In October 2012, she accompanied the Prince on a visit to Warsaw, Poland. In 2014, Charlene was the recipient of the "Champion of Children" Award for her commitment to children's rights, presented by the Colleagues, a social services institution.[33] In 2016, she become the patron of the South African Red Cross Society on its 68th anniversary. In September 2016, Charlene attended World First Aid Day in Geneva as an ambassador for the event.[2]

The Princess created the Princess Charlene of Monaco Foundation in December 2012, with a mission to put an end to drowning using childhood awareness and preventative measures.[2] In September 2014, she formerly presented her foundation at the 10th Annual Clinton Global Initiative Meeting in New York City. In November 2015, Charlene partnered with the Pontifical Council and attended the 20th Annual Conference for Healthcare Workers at the Vatican, where she spoke about efforts against the global drowning epidemic.[30] In June 2020, the Foundation made masks for residents of Monaco amidst COVID-19 pandemic.[34] In October 2020, Charlene undertook a trip to Tbilisi, Georgia, on behalf of the Foundation. She visited the Olympic Village and sports facilities in conjunction with government officials, and later donated a travel bus to the Tbilisi Rugby Club Team. She also took meetings with Paralympic athletes and visited the Ai la foundation, a rehabilitation centre for children with hearing loss. She attended lunch with Salome Zourabichvili, the President of Georgia, at the Ceremonial Palace of Georgia, discussing diplomatic and philanthropic matters.[35]

Health[edit]

In May 2021, while on a trip to raise awareness about the issue of rhinoceros poaching in Southern Africa, Charlene caught an infection that affected her nose, throat, and ears. She had had a sinus lift and bone grafting procedure earlier in the spring.[36] The condition led to problems with equalizing pressure and prevented her from flying above 20,000 feet.[37] She missed a prescheduled appearance at the 2021 Monaco Grand Prix, as she was unable to travel back to Monaco.[38] After multiple procedures, Princess Charlene was medically advised to remain in South Africa, away from her family.[39] Subsequently, she missed the tenth anniversary commemorations of her marriage in June, which Charlene stated was "extremely difficult" and saddened her.[39] In August 2021, she underwent a four-hour surgery that required general anesthetic.[36] In September 2021, she was hospitalised again because of a "medical emergency" pertaining to ENT complications.[40][41] On 8 October 2021, it was announced that she had undergone a final procedure.[42] She returned to Monaco on 8 November 2021.[43]

On 16 November 2021, the royal authorities announced that Charlene would be resting and that she had cancelled all her activities, including those of Monaco's national celebrations owing to ill-health, especially "deep fatigue."[44] It was reported that she would spend her recovery period in a location outside Monaco.[45]

Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

Since her marriage, Charlene has been styled as Her Serene Highness Princess Charlene of Monaco.[3]

Honours[edit]

National honours[edit]

Foreign honours[edit]

Coat of Arms of Charlene, Princess of Monaco.svg
Royal Monogram of Princess Charlene of Monaco.svg
Princess Charlene's coat of arms Charlene's royal monogram

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Since her marriage, her name has been Gallicised by adding a grave accent to her name in French documents.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Palais Princier de Monaco. "Prince's Palace of Monaco". Palais.mc. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "H.S.H. PRINCESS CHARLENE". Palais Princier de Monaco. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "H.S.H. PRINCESS CHARLENE". Palais Princier de Monaco. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  4. ^ "H.S.H. PRINCESS CHARLENE". Princess Charlene of Monaco Foundation.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Monaco's Prince Albert weds South African Charlene Wittstock". BBC News. 1 July 2011. Archived from the original on 30 June 2011.
  6. ^ Palais Princier de Monaco. "Palais Princier de Monaco". Archived from the original on 4 July 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  7. ^ a b c "Biographical details for Ms. Charlene Wittstock". Princely Wedding Monaco 2011. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  8. ^ "After William and Kate's wedding, preparations for royal wedding of Prince Albert of Monaco begin". International Business Times. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  9. ^ "Charlenes Wurzeln Vorfahren kommen aus Zerrenthin". n-tv (in German). 19 June 2011. Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  10. ^ "Princess Charlene of Monaco's Irish ancestry revealed". Independent.ie. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  11. ^ "Qui est Gareth Wittstock, le parrain de la princesse Gabriella ?". Paris Match (in French). 10 May 2015. Archived from the original on 27 July 2017. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Meet Aiva-Grace, Princess Charlene's adorable new niece". You.co.za. 2 June 2016. Archived from the original on 26 October 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  13. ^ "Charlene Wittstock remembered at former primary school". Times LIVE. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  14. ^ "Deals of the Day | VuvuPlaza". Archived from the original on 3 July 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  15. ^ a b "Apple of Prince Albert's eye makes a splash". Iol.co.za. 15 April 2007. Archived from the original on 14 February 2009. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  16. ^ "Monaco's Prince Albert to marry Charlene Wittstock". Gmanews.tv. Associated Press. 23 June 2010. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  17. ^ "Fit for a princess: Prince Albert and Charlene guests of honour at Grace Kelly exhibit". Hellomagazine.com. 16 April 2010. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
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  20. ^ "Prince Albert of Monaco engaged to Charlene Wittstock". BBC News. 23 June 2010. Archived from the original on 27 June 2010. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  21. ^ "Marriage Princier 2011 Website, Frequently Asked Questions". Mariageprinciermonaco2011.mc. Archived from the original on 23 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  22. ^ "Why Princess Charlene of Monaco Converted to Catholicism and How She Finds 'Spiritual Balance' in Church". Archived from the original on 7 June 2017.
  23. ^ "Crown jewels: The fabulous rings which sealed the love of Europe's royal couples". HELLO! magazine. UK. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013.
  24. ^ "Prince Albert and Charlene change wedding date". Hello!. 2 August 2010. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  25. ^ "Honeymoon Over for Monaco's Royal Couple?". ABC News. Australia. 8 July 2011. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018.
  26. ^ "Monaco confirms: Princess Charlene is pregnant with twins". Royalista.com. 9 October 2014. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  27. ^ "Monaco's Prince Albert II and Princess Charlene expecting baby". BBC News Europe. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  28. ^ "La princesse Charlène est sur le point d'accoucher à Monaco". Monacomatin.mc. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  29. ^ Eun Kyung Kim (10 December 2014). "Monaco's Princess Charlene, Prince Albert, welcome twins!". TODAY.com. Archived from the original on 10 October 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  30. ^ a b c "Biography of H.S.H. Princess Charlene of Monaco". Princess Charlene of Monaco Foundation.
  31. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  32. ^ "BOARD OF TRUSTEES". Princess Grace Foundation-USA. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  33. ^ "Champion of Children Award". Princess Charlene of Monaco Foundation. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  34. ^ Cartledge, Amy (2 June 2020). "Monaco, Liechtenstein and Andorra: how Europe's Principalities have battled COVID-19". Monaco Tribune. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  35. ^ "Princess Charlene in Tbilisi". Princess Charlene of Monaco Foundation. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  36. ^ a b Mikelbank, Peter (13 August 2021). "Princess Charlene Undergoes Latest Surgery in South Africa as Albert and the Twins Ready for a Reunion". People. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  37. ^ Mikelbank, Peter (26 October 2021). "Princess Charlene Will Return to Monaco Within Weeks, Says Husband Prince Albert: 'We All Miss Her'". People. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  38. ^ McKnight, Jenni (21 May 2021). "Princess Charlene unable to return home to Monaco after South Africa trip – details". Hello!. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  39. ^ a b "Princess Charlene undergoing 'multiple procedures' for infection she contracted in Africa". NZ Herald. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
  40. ^ Nolasco, Stephanie (7 September 2021). "Princess Charlene of Monaco hospitalised in medical emergency". news.com.au. Retrieved 8 October 2021 – via Fox News.
  41. ^ Mikelbank, Peter; VanHoose, Benjamin (3 September 2021). "Princess Charlene's Condition Is 'Reassuring' After Brief Hospitalization, Says Palace". People. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  42. ^ Mikelbank, Peter (8 October 2021). "Princess Charlene Visits Hospital for 'Final Procedure' Before She Can Return to Monaco". People. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  43. ^ Mikelbank, Peter (8 November 2021). "Princess Charlene Returns to Monaco After Six-Month Separation from Prince Albert and Their Twins". People. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  44. ^ Hummel, Tassilo (16 November 2021). "Monaco's Princess Charlene avoids public duties, palace cites ill health". Reuters. Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  45. ^ Stacey, Danielle (18 November 2021). "Princess Charlene is not staying in Monaco - Prince Albert reveals". Hello!. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  46. ^ "N° 8096 du VENDREDI 23 NOVEMBRE 2012 * Ordonnance Souveraine n° 4.038 du 17 novembre 2012 portant élévation dans l'Ordr". www.legimonaco.mc. Archived from the original on 13 January 2013.
  47. ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). S-media-cache-ako.pinimg.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  48. ^ "Princess Charlene Wore Wrap Dress during Monaco's National Day Celebrations" (JPG). D.ibtimes.co.uk. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  49. ^ "Photographic image of Princess Caroline of Monaco and family" (JPG). Hellomagazine.com. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  50. ^ "Le couple princier est arrivé en Pologne | Actualités". Nice-Matin. 18 October 2012. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  51. ^ "Internetowy System Aktów Prawnych". Isap.sejm.gov.pl. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  52. ^ "Onorificenze - Dettaglio del conferimento". Quirinale.it. 20 February 2014. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  53. ^ "Prince's Palace of Monaco". Palais.mc. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2016.

External links[edit]

Monegasque royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Grace Kelly
Princess consort of Monaco
2011 – present
Incumbent