Charles Anderson-Pelham, 1st Baron Yarborough
Charles Anderson-Pelham, 1st Baron Yarborough (3 February 1749 – 22 September 1823) was a British politician.
Anderson-Pelham was born in Broughton, Lincolnshire, the son of Francis Anderson and his wife Eleanor (née Carter). Born Charles Anderson he assumed the additional surname of Pelham, which was the maiden name of his paternal grandmother.
He was elected to the House of Commons for Beverley in 1768, a seat he held until 1774, and then represented Lincolnshire until 1794. The latter year he was raised to the peerage as Baron Yarborough, of Yarborough in the County of Lincoln. He was appointed High Sheriff of Lincolnshire for 1771. The same year, he commissioned a marble statue of Mars from John Bacon, which he exhibited in his residence.
Lord Yarborough died in Brocklesby, Lincolnshire on 22 September 1823, aged 74. He had married Sophie, daughter of George Aufrere, in 1770, who died in 1786. He was succeeded in the barony by his son Charles, who was created Earl of Yarborough in 1837.