Charles Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers
|Charles II Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers|
Portrait of Charles of Gonzaga-Nevers from Matthäus Merian's Theatrum Europaeum
|Noble family||House of Gonzaga|
|Father||Charles I, Duke of Mantua|
|Mother||Catherine of Lorraine (also known as Catherine of Mayenne)|
|Born||22 October 1609|
|Died||30 August 1631
In 1621, he succeeded his uncle Henry of Lorraine as Duke of Mayenne.
In 1627 he married his cousin Maria Gonzaga, inheritor to the Duchy of Mantua and the Marquisate of Montferrat. However, Cesare II Gonzaga, Duke of Guastalla and emperor Ferdinand II did not accept this succession line, leading to the War of Mantuan Succession (1628–1631).
Charles was never the proper Duke of Mantua since he died at Cavriana six years before his father. When the latter died in 1637, Charles's eight-year-old son, Charles II, became Duke of Mantua, his widow Maria acting as regent. His daughter Eleonora became Holy Roman Empress.
In December 1627 he married his cousin Maria Gonzaga, the marriage being arranged by Vincenzo II Gonzaga.
Charles and Maria had three children:
- Charles II (1629–1665), Duke of Mantua.
- Eleonora (1630–1686), who married in 1651 Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor.
|Ancestors of Charles Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers|
Henry of Lorraine
|Duc de Mayenne