Charles, Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried

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Charles, Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried
Born (1649-07-19)19 July 1649
Rheinfels Castle
Died 3 March 1711(1711-03-03) (aged 61)
Bad Schwalbach
Noble family House of Hesse
Spouse(s) Sophie Magdalene of Salm-Reifferscheid
Alexandrine Juliane of Leiningen-Dagsburg
Father Ernest, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels
Mother Maria Eleonore of Solms-Lich

Charles of Hesse-Wanfried (born: 19 July 1649 at Rheinfels Castle; died: 3 March 1711 in Schwalbach), was a Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried. He was the second son of Landgrave Ernest of Hesse-Rheinfels and Maria Eleonore of Solms-Lich.


After an inheritance dispute about the "Rotenburg Quarter", Charles received Hesse-Eschwege in 1667. He moved to Wanfried and founded the Catholic line of Hesse-Wanfried. He used the castle in Wanfried as his residence, because the castle in Eschwege had been pledged to Brunswick-Bevern, also in 1667.


Charles's first wife was Sophie Magdalene, a daughter of Count Eric Adolph of Salm-Reifferscheid and his wife Magdalene. Sophie Magdalene died in 1675 during a trip to Venice. Charles then married Alexandrine Juliane, a daughter of Count Emich XIII of Leiningen and the widow of Landgrave George III of Hesse-Itter-Vöhl. She died on 19 April 1703 and was buried in the family vault in the Hülfensberg in Wanfried.

Death and heir[edit]

Charles died in 1711 and was succeeded as Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried by his son William II. After William's death in 1731, he was succeeded by his half-brother Christian, who died childless in 1755, thereby ending the Hessen-Wanfried line.


From his marriage to Sophie Magdalene:

  • Charles Ernest Adolph (born: 8 October 1669, died: December 1669)
  • Anna Maria Eleonora (born: 13 October 1670; died: January 1671)
  • William II "the Younger" (born: 25 August 1671 in Langenschwalbach; died: 1 April 1731 in Paris, and buried there), Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried-Rheinfels
  • Frederick (born: 17 May 1673; died: 25 October 1692), a canon at Cologne, died during a visit to the Bishop of Győr in Hungary
  • Philip (born: June 1674; died: 28 August 1694)

From his marriage to Alexandrine Juliane:

  • Charlotte Amalie (born: 8 March 8, 1679 at Wanfried, died: 8 February 1722 in Paris), married on 26 September 1694 in Cologne with Francis II Rákóczi (born: 27 March 1676; died: April 8, 1735), Prince of Transylvania
  • Ernest (born: 20 April 1680 in Wanfried, died: June 24, 1680 ibid), buried in the Hülfensberg
  • Sophia Leopoldine (born: 17 July 1681, died: 18 April 1724 in Wetzlar). Her daughter Maria Franziska of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein married Sophia's brother Christian.
  • Charles Alexander (born: 6 November 1683 in Wanfried, died: February 1684 in Boppard)
  • Maria Anna Johanna (born: 8 January 1685 in Wanfried, died: 11 June 1764 in Erfurt)
  • Maria Therese Josepha Elisabeth (born: 5 April 1687, died: 9 September 1689)
  • Christine Franziska Polyxene (born: 23 May 1688, died: 17 July 1728), married on 28 February 1712 with Dominic Marquard, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort
  • Christian (born: 17 July 1689 in Wanfried, died: 21 October 1755 in Eschwege), the last Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried-Eschwege and Hesse-Rheinfels
  • Juliana Elizabeth Anna Louise (born: 20 October 1690 in Wanfried; died: 13 July 1724), married on 6 January 1718 in Wanfried with Count Christian Otto of Limburg-Styrum (born: 25 March 1694; died: 24 February 1749)
  • Maria (born: 31 August 1693)
  • Eleanor Bernhardine (born: 21 February 1695; died: 14 August 1768 in Frankfurt), married in June 1717 with Count Herman Frederick of Bentheim-Bentheim


  • Chronik der Stadt Wanfried, Reinhold Strauß, 1908
  • Eckhart G. Franz, Das Haus Hessen, Stuttgart, 2005, ISBN 3-17-018919-0
Charles, Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried
Born: 19 July 1649 Died: 3 March 1711
Preceded by
as Landgrave of
Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried
Succeeded by
William II
as Landgrave of