Karl, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen

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Karl
Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Adel im Wandel403.jpg
Prince Karl in 1852
Reign 1831–1848
Born (1785-02-20)20 February 1785
Sigmaringen Castle, Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Germany
Died 11 March 1853(1853-03-11) (aged 68)
Bologna, Italy
Spouse Princess Antoinette Murat
Princess Katharina of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst
Issue Princess Karoline
Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern
Princess Amalie
Princess Friederike
House Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Father Anton Aloys, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Mother Princess Amalie Zephyrine of Salm-Kyrburg

Karl, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (20 February 1785 – 11 March 1853) was the reigning Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen from 1831 to 1848.[1]

In 1833, Karl summoned a constitutional assembly (Landtag) and promulgated a constitutional charter as the law in his lands. He founded a hospital for his subjects, and had the Ständehaus built on the modern Leopoldsplatz in Sigmaringen (today owned by the Hohenzollerische Landesbank). Karl also removed the burden of serfdom and various other medieval laws.[2]

During the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states Karl abdicated in favor of his son, Karl Anton, on 27 August 1848.[3]

His marriage as hereditary prince at the imperial court in Paris on 4 February 1808 to Princess Antoinette Murat, a niece of Napoleon I's brother-in-law, the French Marshal Joachim Murat who was then Grand Duke of Berg, constituted a union between extended family members of the previously warring French imperial and Prussian royal dynasties following Napoleonic victories on the European continent.[4] Following the death of his first wife on 19 January 1847, Karl married Princess Katharina (1817–1893) on 14 March 1848, daughter of Karl III Albrecht, last reigning Prince of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, and the widow since 1845 of Count Franz Erwin von Ingelheim, on 14 March 1848.[1]

He died on 11 March 1853 in Bologna,[1] while traveling to Rome.

Children[1][edit]

From his first marriage he had the following children:[5]

  • Karoline von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1810–1885)
∞ 1. 1839 Count Friedrich Franz Anton von Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1790–1847)
∞ 2. 1850 Johann Stäger von Waldburg (1822–1882)
  • Karl Anton (1811–1885), Prince of Hohenzollern, Prussian minister
∞ 1834 Princess Josephine of Baden (1813–1900)
∞ 1835 Prince Eduard von Sachsen-Altenburg (1804–1852)
  • Friederike von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1820–1906)
∞ 1844 Marchese Gioacchino Napoleone Pepoli (1825–1881)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Huberty, Michel; Giraud, Alain; Magdelaine, F. and B. (1989). ’’L'Allemagne Dynastique, Tome V – Hohenzollern-Waldeck’’. France: Laballery. pp. 207, 222–223. ISBN 2-901138-05-5. 
  2. ^ Gustav Schilling: Geschichte des Hauses Hohenzollern, in genealogisch fortlaufenden Biographien aller seiner Regenten von den ältesten bis auf die neuesten Zeiten, nach Urkunden und andern authentischen Quellen, (German) F. Fleischer, 1843, S. 300 ff.[1]
  3. ^ German monarchy.de (German) Retrieved 22 January 2010
  4. ^ Thomson, David (1961). "The Empire and Its Effects". Europe Since Napoleon. New York: Knopf. pp. 44–45. 
  5. ^ Der Stammbaum seit 1800 Archived 2 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine. from Schloss Sigmaringen website (German) Retrieved 22 January 2010
Karl, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Born: 20 February 1785 Died: 11 March 1853
Preceded by
Anton Aloys
Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
1831–1848
Succeeded by
Karl Anton