Charles-Étienne Gudin de La Sablonnière

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Charles-Étienne Gudin de La Sablonnière
Général César Charles Etienne Gudin.jpg
General Gudin de la Sablonnière
Born (1768-02-13)13 February 1768
Montargis, France
Died 22 August 1812(1812-08-22) (aged 44)
Smolensk, Russia
Allegiance  France
Years of service 1782-1812
Rank General of Division
Commands held Infantry
Battles/wars French Revolutionary Wars,
Napoleonic Wars
Awards Count of the Empire
Other work Governor of the castle of Fontainebleau

Charles-Étienne César Gudin de La Sablonnière (13 February 1768 - 22 August 1812) was a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars.[1]

Biography[edit]

Gudin was born at Montargis.

An aristocrat by birth, Gudin was admitted to the military school of Brienne and in 1782 entered the King's Guard. A lieutenant, he embarked for Santo-Domingo in 1791 and spent a year there, before returning to France in July 1792. He was appointed to several positions as a general staff officer in the Armies of the North, then of the Rhine-and-Moselle. He became a brigadier general at the beginning of 1799 and was given a command during the Swiss campaign. The following year he took part in the battles of Stein, Stockach, Mösskirch, Memmingen, Hocstädt and Neuburg. Promoted to general of division for his valor on the battlefield, on 11 July 1800 he took Füssen.[1]

Gudin's name is inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe (7th from the top on the left).

General Gudin de La Sablonière was given the command of the 3rd Division in the Grande Armée and fought in the wars of the Third Coalition and Fourth Coalition between 1805 and 1807. His 3rd Division of the III Corps was the first major formation into action at the battle of Auerstädt and it bore the main brunt of the fighting. It suffered 40 percent casualties one of whom was Gudin who was seriously wounded.[2] He participated in forcing the town of Custrin to capitulate and then playing an important part at the battles of Pultusk and Eylau. A count of the First French Empire in 1808, he was named governor of the castle of Fontainebleau the following year. He then took part in several battles of the War of the Fifth Coalition: Thann, Landshut, Eckmühl, the taking of Ratisbon. He was wounded at the great battle of Wagram. In 1812 he was given the command of a division of the second Grande Armée.[1] He was struck by a cannonball during the battle of Valutino, fought against Russian troops near Smolensk in Russia, and died on the battlefield.[3]

Family[edit]

Gudin married Jeanne Caroline Christine Creutzer the sister of Brigadier-General Charles Auguste Creutzer (1780–1832).[4]

Recognition[edit]

His name appears on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.[1][3]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]