Charles-François Daubigny

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Charles-François Daubigny
Charles francois daubigny.jpg
Photograph by Nadar
Born(1817-02-15)15 February 1817
Paris, France
Died19 February 1878(1878-02-19) (aged 61)
Paris, France
Known forPainting
MovementBarbizon school

Charles-François Daubigny (/ˈdbɪnji/ DOH-bin-yee,[1] US: /ˌdbnˈj, dˈbnji/ DOH-been-YEE, doh-BEEN-yee,[2][3] French: [ʃaʁl fʁɑ̃swa dobiɲi]; 15 February 1817 – 19 February 1878) was one of the painters of the Barbizon school, and is considered an important precursor of impressionism.

He was also a prolific printmaker, mostly in etching but also as one of the main artists to use the cliché verre technique.


Daubigny was born in Paris, into a family of painters; taught the art by his father, Edmé-François Daubigny [fr], and his uncle, miniaturist Pierre Daubigny (1793-1858).

Initially Daubigny painted in a traditional style, but this changed after 1843 when he settled in Barbizon to work outside in nature. Even more important was his meeting with Camille Corot in 1852 in Optevoz (Isère). On his famous boat Botin, which he had turned into a studio, he painted along the Seine and Oise, often in the region around Auvers. From 1852 onward he came under the influence of Gustave Courbet.

In 1866 Daubigny visited England, eventually returning because of the Franco-Prussian war in 1870. In London he met Claude Monet, and together they left for the Netherlands. Back in Auvers, he met Paul Cézanne, another important Impressionist. It is assumed that these younger painters were influenced by Daubigny.


Charles-François Daubigny – Le printemps – Spring

His most ambitious canvases are Springtime (1857), in the Louvre; Borde de la Cure, Morvan (1864); Villerville sur Mer (1864); Moonlight (1865); Auvers-sur-Oise (1868); and Return of the Flock (1878). He was named by the French government as an Officer of the Legion of Honor.[4]

Daubigny died in Paris. His remains are interred at cimetière du Père-Lachaise (division 24). His followers and pupils included his son Karl [fr] (whose works are occasionally mistaken for those of his father), Achille Oudinot [fr], Hippolyte Camille Delpy, Albert Charpin and Pierre Emmanuel Damoye.

Public collections[edit]

Among the public collections holding works by Charles-François Daubigny are:

In popular culture[edit]

The life of Daubigny was adapted into a graphic novel by Belgian comics writer Bruno de Roover and artist Luc Cromheecke. It appeared under the title De Tuin van Daubigny (The Garden of Daubigny, 2016).[5][6][7]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Daubigny, Charles François". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. n.d. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  2. ^ "Daubigny". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Daubigny". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  4. ^ The Iconographic Encyclopaedia of the Arts and Scien: Sculpture and painting, 1887, page 138
  5. ^ "Bruno de Roover".
  6. ^ "Luc Cromheecke".
  7. ^ "Cromheecke voelt sympathie voelt voor pretentieloosheid van Daubigny". 10 December 2016.


Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]