Eugène de Mazenod
Charles-Joseph-Eugene de Mazenod
|Bishop of Marseille|
St. Eugène de Mazenod
|Appointed||2 October 1837|
|Term ended||21 May 1861|
|Predecessor||Fortuné-Charles de Mazenod|
|Ordination||21 December 1811|
|Consecration||14 October 1832
by Carlo Odescalchi, S.J.
1 August 1782|
|Died||21 May 1861
|Coat of arms|
|Feast day||21 May|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholicism|
|Beatified||19 October 1975
by Pope Paul VI
|Canonized||3 December 1995
by Pope John Paul II
|Shrines||Shrine of Notre Dame de la Garde, Marseille, France|
|Ordination history of Eugène de Mazenod|
|Date of ordination||21 December 1811|
|Principal consecrator||Carlo Odescalchi, S.J.|
|Co-consecrator||Chiarissimo Falconieri Mellini|
|Date of consecration||14 October 1832|
|Joseph Hippolyte Guibert, O.M.I.||11 March 1842|
|Marie-Jean-François Allard, O.M.I.||13 July 1851|
|Alexander-Antonine Taché, O.M.I.||23 November 1851|
|Jean-Etienne Sémeria, O.M.I.||17 August 1856|
|Jacques Jeancard, O.M.I.||28 October 1858|
|Vital-Justin Grandin, O.M.I.||30 November 1859|
Saint Eugène de Mazenod (1 August 1782 - 21 May 1861) born Charles-Joseph-Eugène de Mazenod, more commonly known as Eugène de Mazenod, was a French Catholic clergyman, beatified on 19 October 1975 by Pope Paul VI, and canonized on 3 December 1995 by Pope John Paul II.
Eugene de Mazenod was born in on 1 August 1782 and baptized the following day in the Église de la Madeleine in Aix-en-Provence. His father, Charles Antoine de Mazenod, was one of the Presidents of the Court of Finances, and his mother was Marie Rose Joannis. Eugene began his schooling at the College Bourbon, but this was interrupted by the events of the French Revolution. With the approach of the French revolutionary forces, the family was forced to flee to Italy.
Eugene became a boarder at the College of Nobles in Turin ([Piemont]]), but a move to Venice meant the end to formal schooling. With their money running out, Eugene's father was forced to seek various employments, none of which were successful. His mother and sister returned to France - eventually seeking a divorce so as to be able to regain their property that had been seized. Eugene was fortunate to be welcomed by the Zinelli family in Venice. One of their sons, the priest Bartolo Zinelli, took special care of Eugene and saw to his education in the well-provided family library where the young adolescent spent many hours each day. Don Bartolo was a major influence in the human, academic and spiritual development of Eugene.
Once again the French army chased the émigrés from Venice, forcing Eugene and his father and two uncles to seek refuge in Naples for less than a year, and finally to flee to Palermo in Sicily. Here Eugene was invited to become part of the household of the Duke and Duchess of Cannizaro as a companion to their two sons. Being part of the high society of Sicily became the opportunity for Eugene to rediscover his noble origins and to live a lavish style of life. He took to himself the title of 'Comte' ("Count") de Mazenod, did all the courtly things, and dreamed of a bright future.
At the age of twenty, Eugene returned to France intent on marrying a young rich heiress. During the adoration of the Holy Cross on Good Friday in 1807, Eugene had a spiritual experience. In 1808, he entered the Saint-Sulpice Seminary in Paris and was ordained a priest at Amiens (Picardy), on 21 December 1811.
As a member of the Seminary of Saint-Sulpice in Paris, notwithstanding personal risk, Eugene committed himself to serve and assist Pope Pius VII, who at this time was a prisoner of emperor Napoleon I at Fontainebleau. Contact with impoverished youth and prisoners of war inspired him to devote himself to work with forgotten people. He turned down a prestigious diocesan position in favor of reaching out to the poor. Overwhelmed by the demands of this ministry, he soon realized that he needed to gather a group of priests to work with him.
From 1837 to 1861, he was the bishop of Marseille, in Provence (south-eastern France). During his episcopacy, he commissioned Notre-Dame de la Garde, an ornate Neo-Byzantine basilica on the south side of the old port of Marseille. He inspired local priest Joseph-Marie Timon-David to found the Congregation of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Marseille in 1852.
He has three colleges in Australia named in his behalf: St. Eugene Catholic College in Burgerary, Queensland, Mazenod College in Perth, Western Australia, and Mazenod College in Victoria, Australia.
There is even a community council in Lesotho (southern Africa) named after Eugène de Mazenod, in the east of the capital Maseru, with a population of over 30,0000. There Mazenod High School was also found. The local church is also named after St. Eugène de Mazenod.
- "Eugene de Mazenod (1782-1861)", Vatican News Service
- "St. Eugene de Mazenod", Oblate Communications
- "Charles Joseph Eugene de Mazenod". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eugène de Mazenod.|
- Biography in the Catholic Encyclopedia
- "Eugene de Mazenod (1782-1861) - biography". Vatican Basilica. 3 December 1995. Retrieved 2007-03-09.
- Biography of Eugene de Mazenod at OMI Lacombe
- Biography of St. Eugene de Mazenod from American Catholic.org
- Biography of St. Eugene de Mazenod from the Oblate Missions Website of National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows website of The Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate