Charles Alfred Stothard
Charles Alfred Stothard (5 July 1786 – 28 May 1821) was an English antiquarian draughtsman, with a special interest in monumental effigies.
Stothard was born in London, the son of the painter, Thomas Stothard. He was educated at a school run by a Mr Dearne, and then became a private pupil of the Rev Robert Burnside. He studied at the Royal Academy from 1807, and began his first historical picture, the Death of Richard II in Pomfret Castle three years later. His depiction of the king was based closely on the effigy on his tomb in Westminster Abbey.
He soon abandoned the historical painting for a project which he hoped would be more remunerative, The Monumental Effigies of Great Britain. He published the first part in 1811; an accompanying advertisement explained that its purpose was to supply historical painters with accurate details of costume up to the reign of Henry VIII, to illustrate history and biography, and to provide accurate information on dress for productions of the plays of Shakespeare. During 1815 he travelled Britain making drawings for Daniel Lysons' Magna Britannica. In that year he was appointed historical draughtsman to the Society of Antiquaries, who sent him to Bayeux to make coloured drawings of the tapestry for publication in the series Vetusta Monumenta. He made three visits to Northern France in 1816–19 for this project. On the first of these he also discovered the location of the monuments of the Plantagenets, which had been moved when the chapel at the abbey of Fontevraud in which they were housed was demolished during the French Revolution, and made accurate drawings of them. He was made a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1819.
He made copies of the medieval paintings discovered in the chamber of the House of Lords, and prepared a paper discussing their date. He visited the Netherlands in September 1820, and early the next year prepared the eleventh part of the Monumental Effigies, finished a large plate of the effigies from Fontevraud and began a work on seals.
In February 1818, he married Anna Eliza Bray, who accompanied him when they traveled to France that year. She retained many of his drawings after his death and left them to the British Museum after her own death, in 1883. They had one child, a daughter, who only survived her father by a year.
Death and burial
In May 1821 he went to Devon to make drawings for Daniel Lysons' history of the county. He died on the 28 May, falling from a ladder while tracing a portrait from one of the windows in the church at Bere Ferrers. His grave is at Bere Ferrers. A later antiquarian, W. H. Hamilton Rogers, who also made studies of the Ferrers family in the same church, wrote 70 years later:
- A gifted student in the pursuit we also at humbler distance love, made pilgrimage here, and was engaged in making a drawing of its interesting painted story, when death suddenly stayed the work of the artist, snapping the very pencil in his fingers, and instantly translated him, from picturing the earthly image of the Founder of these courts below, into his immortal presence in the great temple above... His cunning fingers are mouldering in the dust below, and moss and decay are stealthily obliterating his record outside, but the fidelity and truth of his works remain bright and undimmmed, forming his best and most enduring monument.
Stothard's principal publication was The Monumental Effigies of Great Britain; selected from our cathedrals and churches for the purpose of bringing together, and preserving correct representations of the best historical illustrations extant, from the Norman Conquest to the reign of Henry the Eighth, a folio volume containing many etched plates. He began to issue it in parts in 1811, but it remained unfinished at his death. His widow, Anna Eliza, brought it to completion, with the assistance of four different etchers (who produced the remaining plates from Stothard's original drawings), and her brother, Alfred John Kempe (who provided additional text, based in part on Stothard's own notes). The complete volume finally appeared in 1832, although it contains two title pages, one dated 1817 and the other 1832, which has sometimes caused bibliographical confusion. The focus of the published work is firmly on effigies, but Phillip Lindley has shown that this was a consequence of Stothard's premature death, and that his intention was to record more of their monumental and architectural contexts.
A second edition of Monumental Effigies, in two folio volumes and with further additional text by John Hewitt, was published in 1876. A facsimile edition of the first edition, at a slightly reduced size, was issued by Ken Trotman Publishing in 2011.
Anna Eliza also published her Memoirs of Stothard, incorporating many journal entries, letters, and other original documents, in 1823: this did much to mould and enhance his posthumous reputation.
- "Charles Alfred Stothard". The Georgian Era: Memoirs of the Most Eminent Persons who have Flourished in Great Britain from the Accession of George the First to the Demise of George the Fourth. 4. London: Vizetelly, Branston and Co. 1834. pp. 143–8.
- Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1911.
- Knowles 1998.
- Rogers, W.H. Hamilton (1890). The Strife of the Roses and Days of the Tudors in the West. Exeter: J. G. Commin. p. 33.
- Lindley 2012.
- Lindley 2014.
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- Bray, A.E. (1823). Memoirs, including original journals, letters, papers, and antiquarian tracts of the late Charles Alfred Stothard, FSA. London.
- Kempe, J. A., ed. (1884). Autobiography of Anna Eliza Bray. London.
- Carlyle, E.I.; Graham-Vernon, Deborah (reviser) (2004). "Stothard, Charles Alfred (1786–1821)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/26602. (subscription required)
- Knowles, Richard (1998). "French excursions: Charles Alfred Stothard and the monumental effigies of France". Church Monuments. 13: 45–69.
- Lindley, Phillip (2012). "The artistic practice, protracted publication and posthumous completion of Charles Alfred Stothard's Monumental Effigies of Great Britain". Antiquaries Journal. 92: 385–426. doi:10.1017/s0003581512000649.
- Lindley, Phillip (2014). "Intention or accident? Charles Alfred Stothard's Monumental Effigies of Great Britain". In Fugelso, Karl. Ethics and Medievalism. Studies in Medievalism. 23. Cambridge: D S Brewer. pp. 205–42. ISBN 978-1-84384-376-4.