|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (May 2015)|
|Charles William Brackett|
November 26, 1892|
Saratoga Springs, New York, USA
|Died||March 9, 1969
Beverly Hills, California, USA
|Awards||WGA Award – Best Written Drama
1950 Sunset Boulevard
Charles William Brackett (November 26, 1892 – March 9, 1969) was an American novelist, screenwriter, and film producer, best known for his long collaboration with Billy Wilder.
Life and career
Born on November 26, 1892 in Saratoga Springs, New York, Charles William Brackett was the son of Mary Emma Corliss and New York State Senator, lawyer, and banker Edgar Truman Brackett. Brackett's American roots traced back to the arrival of Richard Brackett in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629, near present-day Springfield, Massachusetts and all descendants of Theodore Brackett. His mother was Mary Emma Corliss, whose uncle, George Henry Corliss, built the Centennial Engine that powered the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia.
Brackett was a 1915 graduate of Williams College, and received his degree from Harvard University. He joined the Allied Expeditionary Force during World War I. He was awarded the French Medal of Honor. He was a frequent contributor to the Saturday Evening Post, Collier's, and Vanity Fair, and a drama critic for The New Yorker from 1925 to 1929.
Brackett married Elizabeth Barrows Fletcher, a descendant of Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower, on June 2, 1919, in Indianapolis, Indiana. They had two daughters, Alexandra Corliss Brackett (1920–1968) and Elizabeth Fletcher Brackett (1922–1997). Elizabeth died on June 7, 1948. In 1953, Brackett married Elizabeth's sister, Lillian Fletcher. There were no children from that marriage.
Brackett wrote five novels: Counsel of the Ungodly (1920), Week-End (1925), That Last Infirmity (1926), American Colony (1929), and Entirely Surrounded (1934).
Brackett was president of the Screen Writers Guild (1938–1939). He was president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences from 1949 through 1955. He won Academy Awards for scripting The Lost Weekend (1945), Sunset Boulevard (1950), and Titanic (1953), and received an Honorary Oscar for Lifetime Achievement in 1959. Brackett either wrote or produced an additional 39 films during his career, including To Each His Own, Ninotchka, The Major and the Minor, The Mating Season (1951), Niagara, The King and I, Ten North Frederick, The Remarkable Mr. Pennypacker, and Blue Denim.
From 1936 until 1950, Brackett worked with Billy Wilder as his collaborator on thirteen movies, including the classics Sunset Blvd. and The Lost Weekend. Wilder was the more profane of the two partners, while Brackett held to his upper-crust upbringing and was known as the "gentleman" of the pair. Their social and cultural backgrounds often clashed, but Brackett acknowledged later in his life that Wilder's baser instincts about human nature were invaluable to their collaboration. By the late 1940s, a schism based on personal, creative, and contractual differences, festering for many years, began to threaten the partnership.
Brackett and Wilder split in 1950, upon the completion of Sunset Boulevard. Brackett then went to work at 20th Century-Fox as a screenwriter and producer. Bracket's diaries covering the years 1932 until the breakup with Wilder were edited by Anthony Slide under the title It's the Pictures That Got Small: Charles Brackett on Billy Wilder and Hollywood's Golden Age (Columbia University Press, 2014).
He died on March 9, 1969.
Select Film Credits
- Tomorrow's Love (1925) – writer, also based on his story "Interlocutory"
- Risky Business (1926) – based on his story "Pearls Before Cecily"
- Pointed Heels (1929) – based on his story
- Secrets of a Secretary (1931) – based on his story
- Little Women (1933) – writer (uncredited)
- Enter Madame! (1935) – writer
- College Scandal (1935) – writer
- Without Regret (1935) – writer
- The Last Outpost (1935) – writer
- Rose of the Rancho (1936) – writer
- The Jungle Princess (1936) – writer (uncredited)
- Woman Trap (1936) – writer
- Piccadilly Jim (1936) – writer
- Live, Love and Learn (1937) – writer
- Bluebeard's Eighth Wife (1938)* – writer
- That Certain Age (1938)* – writer (uncredited)
- What a Life (1939)* – writer
- Ninotchka (1939)* – writer
- Arise, My Love (1940)* – writer
- French Without Tears (1940)* – writer (uncredited)
- Hold Back the Dawn (1941)* – writer
- Ball of Fire (1941)* – writer
- The Major and the Minor (1942)* – writer
- Five Graves to Cairo (1943)* – writer, producer
- The Uninvited (1944) – producer
- The Lost Weekend (1945)* – producer, writer
- To Each His Own (1946) – writer, producer
- A Foreign Affair (1948)* – writer, producer
- The Emperor Waltz (1948)* – writer, producer
- The Bishop's Wife (1948)* – writer (uncredited)
- Miss Tatlock's Millions (1948) – writer, producer
- Sunset Boulevard (1950)* – writer, producer
- Edge of Doom (1950) – writer (uncredited)
- The Mating Season (1951) – writer,producer
- The Model and the Marriage Broker (1951) – writer, producer
- Niagara (1953) – writer, producer
- Titanic (1953) – writer, producer
- Woman's World (1954) – producer
- Garden of Evil (1954) – producer
- The Virgin Queen (1955) – producer
- The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing (1955) – writer, producer
- Teenage Rebel (1956) – writer, producer
- The King and I (1956) – producer
- D-Day the Sixth of June (1956) – producer
- The Wayward Bus (1957) – producer
- The Gift of Love (1958) – producer
- Ten North Frederick (1958) – producer
- The Remarkable Mr. Pennypacker (1959) – producer
- Blue Denim (1959) – producer
- Journey to the Center of the Earth (1959) – writer, producer
- High Time (1960) – producer
- State Fair (1962) – producer
("*" indicates collaboration with Billy Wilder)
- Charles Brackett at the Internet Movie Database
- Charles Brackett papers at the Margaret Herrick Library
- Hopper, H. (1953, Dec 27). Charlie brackett marries sister of his first wife. Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/166556164?accountid=13902
- "Charles Brackett Dies at 77; Made Oscar-Winning Movies. 'Sunset Boulevard,' 'The Lost Weekend' and 'Titanic' among his successes". New York Times. March 10, 1969. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
Charles Brackett was born in Saratoga Springs, NY, and graduated in 1915 from Williams College, where he was editor of the literary monthly and a member of…
|Non-profit organization positions|
|President of Academy of Motion Pictures, Arts and Sciences