Portrait of Charles Brigham
Charles Brigham (June 21, 1841 – July 1925) was an American architect based in Boston, Massachusetts.
Brigham was born, raised, and educated in
Watertown, Massachusetts schools and graduated at age 15 in 1856 in the first class of Watertown High School. He had no formal education in architecture. [1 ]
He apprenticed to the Boston architect Gridley J.F. Bryant. Brigham served as a
sergeant in the Union Army during the American Civil War, then began work for John Hubbard Sturgis. His 1866 partnership with Sturgis lasted 20 years, and resulted in the original building for the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Brigham subsequently designed the 1898 annex to the
Massachusetts State House in Boston, the 1906 The First Church of Christ, Scientist in Boston, and many residential buildings especially in the Boston Back Bay and Newport Rhode Island.
Brigham's work reflects the eclecticism and historicism prevalent in the last quarter of the 19th century, initiating fusion of the complex eclectic references of the English
Queen Anne revival with American colonial design. The resulting coastal New England houses of the 1880s by Brigham and other Boston architects defined the shingle style in one of the most original and distinguished epochs of American architectural history, from which other notable architects, such as Henry Hobson Richardson, emerged. He also designed the Watertown town seal.
With John Hubbard Sturgis [ edit ]
In solo practice [ edit ]
Trinity Episcopal Church (Melrose, Massachusetts), 1886
Stoughton (MBTA station), Stoughton, Massachusetts, 1888 Unitarian Building, First Parish of Watertown, Massachusetts, 1889
Fairhaven Town Hall, Fairhaven, Massachusetts, 1892
Millicent Library, Fairhaven, Massachusetts, 1893 Annex to the
Massachusetts State House in Boston, 1895 [3 ] New Bedford Institution for Savings,
New Bedford, Massachusetts, 1897 Albert C. Burrage House,
Back Bay, Boston, 1899 Albert C. Burrage House, 1205 West Crescent Avenue,
Redlands, California, 1899/1900 [4 ] Madison Public Library, now the
Museum of Early Trades and Crafts, Madison, New Jersey, 1900
Unitarian Memorial Church, Fairhaven, Massachusetts, 1901
Fairhaven High School and Academy, Fairhaven, Massachusetts, 1905 Messiah Home for Children,
The Bronx, New York City, 1905–1908
Coddington School, Quincy, Massachusetts, 1909
Old Watertown High School, Watertown, Massachusetts, 1913 St. Mark the Evangelist Church,
Dorchester, Massachusetts [1 ] St. Francis of Assisi Church,
Braintree, Massachusetts [5 ]
References [ edit ]
Further reading [ edit ]