Charles Brigham

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Portrait of Charles Brigham
Fairhaven Town Hall, Fairhaven, Massachusetts, 1892

Charles Brigham (June 21, 1841 – July 1925) was an American architect based in Boston, Massachusetts.


Brigham was born, raised, and educated in Watertown, Massachusetts schools and graduated at age 15 in 1856 in the first class of Watertown High School. He had no formal education in architecture.[1]

He apprenticed to the Boston architect Gridley J.F. Bryant. Brigham served as a sergeant in the Union Army during the American Civil War, then began work for John Hubbard Sturgis. His 1866 partnership with Sturgis lasted 20 years, and resulted in the original building for the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Brigham subsequently designed the 1898 annex to the Massachusetts State House in Boston, the 1906 The First Church of Christ, Scientist in Boston, and many residential buildings especially in the Boston Back Bay and Newport Rhode Island.

Brigham's work reflects the eclecticism and historicism prevalent in the last quarter of the 19th century, initiating fusion of the complex eclectic references of the English Queen Anne revival with American colonial design. The resulting coastal New England houses of the 1880s by Brigham and other Boston architects defined the shingle style in one of the most original and distinguished epochs of American architectural history, from which other notable architects, such as Henry Hobson Richardson, emerged. He also designed the Watertown town seal.


With John Hubbard Sturgis[edit]

In solo practice[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Bio: Charles Brigham", David J. Russo website
  2. ^ 86 Marlborough Street,
  3. ^ "A Guide to the Massachusetts State House". Mass.Gov. Retrieved 8 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Albert C. Burrage Home 1205 W. Crescent Avenue 1901", The Redlands Area Historical Society, Inc. Heritage Award – 2010
  5. ^ "St. Francis of Assisi Catholic Church 856 Washington St. Braintree, Mass.", David J. Russo website

Further reading[edit]