Charles Buxton

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Charles Buxton (18 November 1822 – 10 August 1871) was an English brewer, philanthropist, writer and member of Parliament.

Personal life and architectural legacy[edit]

Buxton was born on 18 November 1822 in Cromer, Norfolk,[1] the third son of Sir Thomas Buxton, 1st Baronet, a notable brewer, MP and social reformer, and followed in his father's footsteps, becoming a partner in the brewery of Truman, Hanbury, Buxton, & Co in Brick Lane, Spitalfields, London, and then an MP. He served as Liberal MP for Newport, Isle of Wight (1857–1859), Maidstone (1859–1865) and East Surrey (1865–1871). His son Sydney Buxton was also an MP and governor of South Africa.

On 7 February 1850, he married Emily Mary Holland, the eldest daughter of physician Henry Holland (physician to Queen Victoria and later president of the Royal Institution).

Around 1850, he commissioned construction of a small detached, but ornate, house, Foxholm (Grade II-listed architecturally) on Redhill Road, then in Wisley but now in Cobham, for the Chaplain to Queen Victoria.[2][3] He was commissioned lieutenant in the Tower Hamlets Rifle Volunteers (No. 3) on 4 May 1860.[4]

In 1860 he had his own house, Foxwarren Park, built on the neighbouring estate between a golf course and the Site of Special Scientific Interest which is Ockham and Wisley Commons. It is a Grade II* listed building. The building is stark Neo-Gothic: polychrome brickwork, red with blue diapering, and terracotta dressings, renewed plain-tiled roofs with crow-stepped gables.[5]

He died on 10 August 1871.[6] His probate was sworn in 1871 in a broad bracket of "under £250,000 (equivalent to about £24,800,000 in 2021)".[7]

His younger son was first and last Earl Buxton: Sydney Buxton, 1st Earl Buxton.

Anti-slavery parliamentary campaigners' memorial fountain[edit]

Following his father's death, Buxton commissioned architect Samuel Sanders Teulon to design the Buxton Memorial Fountain to commemorate his father's role, with others, in the abolition of slavery. The fountain was initially erected in Parliament Square but was later moved to its current position in Victoria Tower Gardens, Westminster. It carries the dedication:

Erected in 1865 by Charles Buxton MP in commemoration of the emancipation of slaves 1834 and in memory of his father, Sir T Fowell Buxton, and those associated with him: Wilberforce, Clarkson, Macaulay, Brougham, Dr Lushington and others.

Published works[edit]

He produced Memoirs of Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, Baronet, with Selections from his Correspondence, first published in 1848. He later wrote a history, Slavery and Freedom in the British West Indies, published in 1860.


  1. ^ General Register Office: Society of Friends' Registers, Notes and Certificates of Births, Marriages and Burials. Records of the General Register Office, Government Social Survey Department, and Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, RG 6. The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, England.
  2. ^ Foxholm, Cobham, Surrey: sales brochure, "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Foxholm, Grade II Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1030094)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  4. ^ "No. 22383". The London Gazette. 8 May 1860. p. 1746.
  5. ^ Foxwarren Park Grade II* Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1189110)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  6. ^ Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition Wilmington, Delaware Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003 volume 1, page 622.
  7. ^ Calendar of Probates and Administrations

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Newport
With: Charles Edward Mangles
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Maidstone
With: William Lee
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for East Surrey
With: Peter John Locke King
Succeeded by