Charles Cadogan, 2nd Baron Cadogan

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General Charles Cadogan, 2nd Baron Cadogan (1685 – 24 September 1776) was a British peer, soldier and Whig politician.

Cadogan was the younger son of Henry Cadogan and his wife, Bridget, the second daughter of Sir Hardress Waller. He inherited his title in 1726 on the death of his elder brother William Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan, whose titles, other than 1st Baron Cadogan, became extinct.

He married heiress Elizabeth Sloane, daughter of Sir Hans Sloane, Bt. on 25 July 1717 at St. George the Martyr, Queen Square, London. They had one son, Charles Sloane Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan. The marriage transferred the 250-acre (1.0 km2) Sloane estate in suburban Chelsea to the Cadogan family, which has been the basis of the family wealth ever since. Cadogan became Lord of the Manor of Chelsea.

He joined the Army and rose, by 1715, to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the Coldstream Guards and was made Colonel of the 4th Foot in 1719, a rank he held until 1734. He was Colonel of the 6th Dragoons between 1734 and 1742, and made a Brigadier-General in 1735, Major-General in 1739, Lieutenant-General in 1745 and General in 1761.

He was Governor of Sheerness between 1749 and 1752 and Governor of Gravesend and Tilbury Fort between 1752 and 1776.

He was returned as Member of Parliament (Whig) for Reading in 1716 and Member of Parliament (Whig) for Newport, Isle of Wight in 1722.


Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Felix Calvert
Robert Clarges
Member of Parliament for Reading
With: Owen Buckingham
Succeeded by
Anthony Blagrave
Clement Kent
Preceded by
The Earl of March
The Lord Whitworth
Member of Parliament for Newport, Isle of Wight
With: The Lord Whitworth
Succeeded by
Sir William Willys
George Huxley
Military offices
Preceded by
Henry Berkeley
Colonel of the King's Own Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
William Barrell
Preceded by
The Earl of Stair
Colonel of the Black Dragoons
Succeeded by
The Earl of Stair
Preceded by
John Huske
Governor of Sheerness
Succeeded by
Sir John Mordaunt
Preceded by
The Lord De La Warr
Governor of Gravesend and Tilbury
Succeeded by
William Fawcett
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Cadogan
Baron Cadogan
Succeeded by
Charles Sloane Cadogan