Charles Chamberland

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Charles Edouard Chamberland
Born(1851-03-12)12 March 1851
Died2 May 1908(1908-05-02) (aged 57)
Known forChamberland filter
Scientific career

Charles Edouard Chamberland (French pronunciation: [ʃaʁl ʃɑ̃bɛʁlɑ̃]; 12 March 1851 – 2 May 1908) was a French microbiologist from Chilly-le-Vignoble in the department of Jura who worked with Louis Pasteur.

Components of a Pasteur-Chamberland filter

In 1884 he developed a type of filtration known today as the Chamberland filter or Chamberland-Pasteur filter, a device that made use of an unglazed porcelain bar.[1] The filter had pores that were smaller than bacteria, thus making it possible to pass a solution containing bacteria through the filter, and having the bacteria completely removed from the solution.[2] Chamberland was also credited for starting a research project that led to the invention of the autoclave device in 1879.


  1. ^ Horzinek MC (1997). "The birth of virology". Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. 71 (1–2): 15–20. doi:10.1023/A:1000197505492. hdl:1874/3461. PMID 9049014. S2CID 28755205.
  2. ^ Hansen, Bert (2015). "The Filter of Life". Distillations. 2 (3): 6–7. Retrieved 26 March 2018.

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