Charles John (Charley) Chenery (1 January 1850 – 17 April 1928) was a footballer who played for England in the first international match against Scotland. He also played cricket for Surrey and Northants.
Chenery was born in Lambourn, Berkshire, the son of George Chenery and Sophia Atkins. He was educated at the Marlborough Royal Free Grammar School, although the family also spent three or four years in Australia in the early 1860s. After leaving school he joined the original Crystal Palace club and was selected for the "England" side that played an unofficial international match against a Scottish side in February 1872. He was retained for the first official international match which took place on 30 November 1872 at West of Scotland Cricket Club's ground at Hamilton Crescent in Partick, Scotland. The match finished in a 0-0 draw, with Chenery playing as one of seven or eight forwards.
He and Harwood Greenhalgh were the only two players who were recalled for the return match at the Kennington Oval, London on 8 March 1873, which resulted in a 4-2 victory for England, with Chenery, playing at inside right, scoring the fourth goal. Chenery's Crystal Palace team-mate Alexander Morten played in goal for England.
He made his third and final England appearance (again against Scotland) in a 2-1 defeat on 7 March 1874 and was the only player to appear in each of England's first three internationals. He also played occasionally for the Wanderers and, although not appearing in any of their five FA Cup Final teams in the 1870s, he did serve as their secretary in 1871.