Charles Cheyne, 1st Viscount Newhaven
Charles Cheyne, 1st Viscount Newhaven (23 October 1625 – 30 June 1698) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1660 and 1698.
Cheyne was the son of Francis Cheyne of Chesham Bois and his wife Anne Fleetwood, daughter of Sir William Fleetwood of Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire. He matriculated at Brasenose College, Oxford on 29 January 1640, aged 14 and was of Lincoln's Inn in 1642, (as Cheney). He inherited Cogenho, Northamptonshire in 1644 and purchased the manor of Chelsea and Chelsea Place with the dowry of his wife, Lady Jane Cheyne, 1657. He paid for the house in installments beginning in 1657 with £1,900 and made the final payment for whole estate in 1661 at a total cost of £13,626.
In 1660, Cheyne was elected Member of Parliament for Amersham in the Convention Parliament. He was elected MP for Great Marlow in March 1669 to the Cavalier Parliament and sat until 1679. He was created Viscount Newhaven (in Scotland) on 17 May 1681. In 1690 he was elected MP for Harwich and Newport (Cornwall) and chose to sit for Harwich until 1695. In 1695 he was elected MP for Newport and sat until his death.
Cheyne died at the age of 72 and was buried at Chelsea old church on 13 July 1698 where a monument on the north wall commemorated him and his wife Lady Jane Cheyne who was a considerable benefactress of the building.
Cheyne married Lady Jane Cavendish, daughter of the first Duke of Newcastle and had a son, William Cheyne, who became 2nd Viscount Newhaven, and two daughters, Elizabeth and Catharine. His second wife was Isabella, Countess of Radnor widow of Johh Robartes, 1st Earl of Radnor, and daughter of Sir John Smyth of Bidborough, Kent.
- History of Parliament Online - Cheyne, Charles
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- Henderson, Thomas Finlayson (1887). "Cheyne, Charles". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co.