Charles Churchill (British Army officer, born 1656)
A painting of Charles Churchill by the circle of Godfrey Kneller
|Born||2 February 1656|
|Died||29 December 1714(aged 58)|
|Commands held||3rd Regiment of Foot|
Centre / Allied Army
|Relations||Winston Churchill (Father)|
Elizabeth Drake (Mother)
|Other work||Lieutenant of the Tower of London|
Governor of Guernsey
Member of Parliament
General Charles Churchill (2 February 1656 – 29 December 1714) was an English politician and army officer who served during the War of the Spanish Succession. He was a younger brother of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. His career was closely connected with his brother's and along with Marlborough's Irish Chief of Staff William Cadogan was one of his closest advisors.
Churchill was the son of Winston Churchill (1620-1688) and Elizabeth Drake. Charles was a page and later a gentlemen in the household of Prince George of Denmark and became Lieutenant of the Tower of London in 1702.
Charles Churchill joined the English Army as an ensign in the 3rd Regiment of Foot in 1674 and later received the colonelcy of that unit. He fought in numerous wars and battles, including Sedgemoor during Monmouth's Rebellion. He served under his brother when he captured Cork from its Jacobite Irish Army garrison in 1690. He then served on the continent at the Steenkerque and Landen. Churchill was promoted to brigadier-general in 1690 and to major-general in 1694.
He became a lieutenant-general in 1702, at the same time receiving the colonelcy of the Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards, and finally was made a full general in 1707. During the March to the Danube he oversaw the artillery and infantry contingents. At Blenheim, serving under his elder brother John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, he commanded the center of the allied line. At the battle of Ramillies, again serving under his brother, he ordered four brigades of foot to attack the village.
He was the father of Lieutenant-General Charles Churchill, by his mistress Elizabeth Odd, and the grandfather of Charles Churchill (of Chalfont) by his son's mistress, the actress Anne Oldfield. His grandson married Lady Maria Walpole, illegitimate daughter of Robert Walpole, and had issue including Mary Churchill (2nd wife of the Earl Cadogan and ancestor of later earls). 
- Courtney, William Prideaux (1887). Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co. . In
- Snell, Elizabeth Churchill. "Churchill, Charles (1656–1714)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5396. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)