Charles County, Maryland

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Charles County, Maryland
County
Charles County
Flag of Charles County, Maryland
Flag
Seal of Charles County, Maryland
Seal
Map of Maryland highlighting Charles County
Location in the U.S. state of Maryland
Map of the United States highlighting Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
Founded April 13, 1658
Named for Charles Calvert
Seat La Plata
Largest community Waldorf
Area
 • Total 643 sq mi (1,665 km2)
 • Land 458 sq mi (1,186 km2)
 • Water 185 sq mi (479 km2), 29%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 156,118
 • Density 243/sq mi (94/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.charlescountymd.gov

Charles County is a county located in the southern central portion of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 146,551.[1] The county seat is La Plata.[2] The county was named for Charles Calvert (1637–1715), third Baron Baltimore.

Charles County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Southern Maryland region.

History[edit]

Charles County was created in 1658 by an Order in Council. There was also an earlier Charles County from 1650 to 1653, sometimes referred to in historic documents as Old Charles County.[3][4][5]

In April 1865, John Wilkes Booth made his escape through Charles County after shooting President Abraham Lincoln. He was on his way to Virginia.

On April 28, 2002, a tornado cut through the County and destroyed much of downtown La Plata.

The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.[6] Among which, are the distinguished Green Park and the historical Pleasant Hill, home of the Green and Spalding Families.

Hunters Brooke Arson[edit]

On December 4, 2004, an arson took place in the development of Hunters Brooke which is located a few miles southeast of Indian Head. It later became the largest residential arson[7] in the history of the state of Maryland.[8][9][10]

Law and government[edit]

Charles County vote
by party in presidential elections[11][12]
Year Republican Democratic
2016 32.7% 25,614 63.0% 49,341
2012 33.5% 25,178 64.8% 48,774
2008 36.7% 25,732 62.2% 43,635
2004 48.8% 28,442 50.4% 29,354
2000 48.8% 21,768 49.1% 21,873
1996 48.7% 17,432 44.4% 15,890
1992 45.0% 17,293 37.7% 14,498
1988 63.6% 20,828 36.1% 11,823
1984 61.0% 16,132 38.8% 10,264
1980 53.6% 11,807 40.4% 8,887
1976 45.0% 7,792 55.0% 9,525
1972 67.3% 9,665 31.4% 4,502
1968 38.5% 4,645 35.2% 4,247
1964 34.5% 3,455 65.5% 6,546
1960 45.4% 4,560 54.6% 5,482
1956 56.4% 5,088 43.6% 3,931
1952 56.1% 4,334 43.2% 3,338
1948 57.7% 2,703 40.1% 1,878
1944 59.5% 2,755 40.5% 1,875
1940 49.7% 2,716 49.3% 2,692
1936 49.6% 2,623 49.1% 2,597
1932 42.3% 1,851 56.6% 2,473
1928 69.6% 8,644 30.0% 3,731
1924 56.6% 2,215 38.1% 1,491
1920 60.5% 2,585 38.5% 1,642

Owing to the considerable voting power if its large number of freedmen following the Civil War,[13] and later its growth as a suburban area, Charles County was for a long time solidly Republican. The only Democrat to carry Charles County up to 1956 was Franklin Roosevelt in 1932, although later opponents Alf Landon and Wendell Willkie defeated Roosevelt in the following two elections by two combined margins totalling just fifty votes. Since the turn of the millennium, Charles County has become reliably Democratic, although not as overwhelmingly so as other parts of Maryland’s Washington, D.C. suburbs.[14]

Board of Commissioners[edit]

Charles County is governed by county commissioners, the traditional form of county government in Maryland. There are five commissioners. As of 2015, they are:

Position Name Affiliation District
  President Peter F. Murphy Democratic At-Large
  Vice-President Ken Robinson Democratic District 1
  Commissioner Amanda M. Stewart, M.Ed. Democratic District 3
  Commissioner Debra M. Davis, Esq. Democratic District 2
  Commissioner Bobby Rucci Democratic District 4

Charles County is entirely located within the 5th Congressional District, which also includes Calvert, St. Mary’s, and parts of Anne Arundel and Prince George’s counties. The current representative is Democratic House Minority Whip Steny H. Hoyer.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 643 square miles (1,670 km2), of which 458 square miles (1,190 km2) is land and 185 square miles (480 km2) (29%) is water.[16]

In its western wing, along the southernmost bend in Maryland Route 224, Charles County contains a rare instance where the traveler is due north, east, south, and west of the same state—Virginia.[17]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 20,613
1800 19,172 −7.0%
1810 20,245 5.6%
1820 16,500 −18.5%
1830 17,769 7.7%
1840 16,023 −9.8%
1850 16,162 0.9%
1860 16,517 2.2%
1870 15,738 −4.7%
1880 18,548 17.9%
1890 15,191 −18.1%
1900 17,662 16.3%
1910 16,386 −7.2%
1920 17,705 8.0%
1930 16,166 −8.7%
1940 17,612 8.9%
1950 23,415 32.9%
1960 32,572 39.1%
1970 47,678 46.4%
1980 72,751 52.6%
1990 101,154 39.0%
2000 120,546 19.2%
2010 146,551 21.6%
Est. 2016 157,705 [18] 7.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
1790-1960[20] 1900-1990[21]
1990-2000[22] 2010-2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[23] of 2000, there were 120,546 people, 41,668 households, and 32,292 families residing in the county. The population density was 262 people per square mile (101/km²). There were 43,903 housing units at an average density of 95 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.51% White, 26.06% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 1.82% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, and 2.08% from two or more races. 2.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 11.6% were of German, 10.8% Irish, 10.2% English, 9.3% American and 5.3% Italian ancestry.

There were 41,668 households out of which 41.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 14.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.50% were non-families. 17.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 33.20% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 7.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $62,199, and the median income for a family was $67,602 (these figures had risen to $80,573 and $89,358 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $43,371 versus $34,231 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,285. About 3.70% of families and 5.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2010 the county population's racial makeup was 48.38% Non-Hispanic whites, 40.96% blacks, 0.65% Native Americans, 2.98% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islanders, 0.17% Non-Hispanics of some other race, 3.20% Non-Hispanics reporting more than one race and 4.27% Hispanic.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 146,551 people, 51,214 households, and 38,614 families residing in the county.[24] The population density was 320.2 inhabitants per square mile (123.6/km2). There were 54,963 housing units at an average density of 120.1 per square mile (46.4/km2).[25] The racial makeup of the county was 50.3% white, 41.0% black or African American, 3.0% Asian, 0.7% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.3% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.3% of the population.[24] In terms of ancestry, 12.6% were German, 10.8% were Irish, 8.7% were English, 6.3% were American, and 5.1% were Italian.[26]

Of the 51,214 households, 41.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.6% were non-families, and 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.24. The median age was 37.4 years.[24]

The median income for a household in the county was $88,825 and the median income for a family was $98,560. Males had a median income of $62,210 versus $52,477 for females. The per capita income for the county was $35,780. About 3.7% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.[27]

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the County's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[28] the top employers by number of employees in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees Percentage of Total County Employment
1 Charles County Board of Education 3,430 4.35%
2 Indian Head Naval Surface Warfare Center 3,404 4.49%
3 Charles County Government 1,638 2.16%
4 Civista Medical Center 850 1.12%
5 College of Southern Maryland 819 1.08%
6 Wal-Mart/Sam's Club 592 0.78%
7 The Facchina Group of Companies 550 0.73%
8 Safeway 475 0.63%
9 Target 400 0.53%
10 McDonald's 396 0.52%
11 Southern Maryland Electric Cooperative 386 0.51%
12 Genesis Health Care 312 0.41%
13 Bloomin' Brands (formerly OSI Restaurant Partners) 300 0.40%
14 Charles County Nursing Home 255 0.34%
15 Darden Restaurants 253 0.33%
16 Macy's 250 0.33%

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Sports[edit]

Club League Venue Established Championships
Southern Maryland Blue Crabs ALPB, Baseball Regency Furniture Stadium 2008 0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "The Counties of Maryland". 630. The Archives of Maryland Online: 122–124. Retrieved November 16, 2007. 
  4. ^ Maryland Geological Survey (1911). "Prince George's County". The Johns Hopkins Press: 21–22. Retrieved November 16, 2007. 
  5. ^ Maryland Geological Survey (1906). "Maryland Geological Survey: General Reports". The Johns Hopkins Press: 474–477. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  6. ^ National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  7. ^ United States Attorney for the District of Maryland (March 1, 2006). "Violent Crime Program 2005 Annual Report" (PDF). United States Department of Justice. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  8. ^ Courson, Paul; Joanthan Wild (December 21, 2004). "Two more arrested in Maryland fires". Washington, Dc: CNN. p. 1. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  9. ^ Witte, Brian (January 3, 2005). "Maryland Hunts for Motives Behind State's Largest Residential Arson". Insurance Journal. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  10. ^ Hancock, David (December 18, 2004). "3 More Charged In Maryland Arson". LA PLATA, Md: CBS NEWS. p. 1. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  11. ^ "Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  12. ^ Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; pp. 206-210 ISBN 0405077114
  13. ^ Levine, Mark V.; ‘Standing Political Decisions and Critical Realignment: The Pattern of Maryland Politics, 1872-1948’; The Journal of Politics, volume 38, no. 2 (May, 1976), pp. 292-325
  14. ^ "JOSH KURTZ: FORGET PRINCE GEORGE’S – CHECK OUT KING CHARLES FOR POLITICAL INTRIGUE". Center Maryland. 2 June 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2016. 
  15. ^ "Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV". U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  16. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 13, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  17. ^ This oddity of political geography happens in other places in Maryland.
  18. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  19. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  23. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  24. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-22. 
  25. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-22. 
  26. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-22. 
  27. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-22. 
  28. ^ "Charles County, Maryland Comprehensive Annual Financial Report For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2013" (PDF). archive.org / charlescountymd.gov. Charles County Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 12, 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  29. ^ [1]
  30. ^ "Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896". Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 
  31. ^ "Blac Chyna - Before She Was Famous - Michael McCrudden". Michael McCrudden. 2016-05-11. Retrieved 2017-02-13. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°29′N 77°01′W / 38.48°N 77.01°W / 38.48; -77.01