Charles Craufurd

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Lieutenant-General Sir Charles Gregan Craufurd GCB (1761–1821) was a Scottish soldier.

Craufurd was the second son of Sir Alexander Crauford, 1st Baronet (see Crauford baronets), and the elder brother of Robert Craufurd. Born in Golden Square, London he was educated at Eton.

Charles Craufurd entered the 1st Dragoon Guards as a Cornet on December 15, 1778. Promoted a Lieutenant in 1781, he was raised to the rank of Captain in the 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays) in 1785. He became the equerry and intimate friend of the Duke of York. He studied in Germany for some time, and, with his brother Robert's assistance, translated Tielke's book on the Seven Years' War (The Remarkable Events of the War between Prussia, Austria and Russia from 1756 to 1763). As aide-de-camp he accompanied the duke of York to the French War on the Netherlands in May 1793 attached to the Austrian HQ's Commander-in-Chief. He was at once sent as commissioner to the Austrian headquarters, with which he was present at Neerwinden, Caesar's Camp, Famars, Landrecies, etc.

Promoted to major in May 1793, and lieutenant-colonel in February 1794, he returned to the British Army in the latter year to become Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General. On one occasion distinguished himself at the head of a charge of two squadrons, capturing three guns and taking 1,000 prisoners.(See the Battle of Villers-en-Cauchies) When the British army left the continent Craufurd was again attached to the Austrian Army, and was present at the actions on the Lahn, the combat of Neumarket, and the Amberg. At the last battle a severe wound rendered him incapable of further service, and cut short a promising career. He was invalided out to England. There he did all he could to advance his brother, Robert's career. Promoted Colonel on 26 January 1797, he was already in charge of a brigade-major. On 23 September 1803 he was promoted to Major-General.

On 7 February 1800, he was married Anna Mary, widow of Thomas Pelham-Clinton, 3rd Duke of Newcastle. The 4th Duke was a minor. His brother Robert got married on the same day. Charles Craufurd was already an MP when appointed Colonel of 2nd Dragoon Guards. He was made a Lieutenant-General in 1810. He succeeded his brother Robert as Member of Parliament (MP) for East Retford (1806–1812). He died in 1821, and made GCB on 27 May 1820. Charles Craufurd was a Tory in politics, friend of Lord Londonderry.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Tielke, Johann Gottlieb. Translated from the second edition of the German original of J. G. Tielke, by Captain C. Craufurd, ... and Captain R. Craufurd, ed. An account of some of the most remarkable events of the war between the Prussians, Austrians and Russians, from 1756 to 1763: and a treatise on several branches of the military art, with plans and maps. 
  • Craufurd M.A, Alexander H. General Craufurd and his Light Division with many anecdotes, a paper and letters by Sir John Moore, and also letters from the Right Hon. W Windham, the Duke of Welington, Lord Londonderry, and others. Griffith Farran Okeden & Welsh. 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Crauford
John Jaffray
Member of Parliament for East Retford
1806–1812
With: Thomas Hughan 1806–1807
Sir William Ingilby, Bt 1807–1812
Succeeded by
George Osbaldeston
Charles Marsh
Military offices
Preceded by
The Marquess Townshend
Colonel of the 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays)
1807–1821
Succeeded by
William Loftus