Charles Craufurd Fraser

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Charles Craufurd Fraser
Charles Craufurd Fraser, Vanity Fair, 1879-09-06.jpg
"Conspicuous & cool". Caricature by Spy published in Vanity Fair in 1879.
Born 31 August 1829
London, England
Died 7 June 1895 (aged 65)
Sloane Street, London
Buried at Brompton Cemetery
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Lieutenant General
Unit 7th Hussars
11th Hussars
Battles/wars Indian Mutiny
Abyssinian War
Awards Victoria Cross
Order of the Bath
Relations Sir James Fraser (father)
Other work Member of Parliament

Lieutenant General Sir Charles Craufurd Fraser VC KCB (31 August 1829 – 7 June 1895) was a British recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was also a Conservative politician.

Early life[edit]

Fraser was the third son of Sir James Fraser and his wife Charlotte Anne Craufurd. He joined the 7th Hussars (The Queen's Own), British Army as a cornet in 1847, became lieutenant in 1850 and captain in 1854. On 5 January 1858 he became orderly officer for Brigadier Campbell at Munseata near Allahabad and was promoted to major on 20 July 1858.

Victoria Cross[edit]

Fraser was 29 years old, and a major in the 7th Hussars (The Queen's Own) during the Indian Mutiny when the following deed took place on 31 December 1858 at the River Raptee, India for which he was awarded the VC:

For conspicuous and cool gallantry, on the 31st December, 1858, in having volunteered, at great personal risk, and under a sharp fire of musketry, to swim to the rescue of Captain Stisted, and some men of the 7th Hussars, who were in imminent danger of being drowned in the River Raptee, while in pursuit of the rebels. Major Fraser succeeded in this gallant service, although at the time partially disabled, not having recovered from a severe wound received while leading a Squadron in a charge against some fanatics, in the Action of Nawabgunge, on the 13th June, 1858.

[1]

He was also awarded the Royal Humane Society's Medal 1st Class.[2]

Later career[edit]

Funerary monument, Brompton Cemetery, London

Fraser transferred to the 11th Hussars in 1859 and became commanding officer as lieutenant colonel in 1861. He became colonel in 1866 and was commandant at headquarters during the Abyssinian War. He was mentioned in despatches and awarded CB. In 1868 he became colonel of the 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars and was promoted to major-general in 1870. He was aide-de-camp to the Duke of Cambridge lord-lieutenant of Ireland, from 1873 to 1877. In 1880 he became inspector-general of cavalry in Ireland until 1884 and was later in command of the cavalry at Aldershot. He retired with the rank of lieutenant general in 1886.[3][4]

In 1885 Fraser was elected Member of Parliament for Lambeth North. He was knighted in 1891 and held the Lambeth seat until 1892.

Fraser died in Sloane Street London at the age of 65 and was buried in Brompton Cemetery, London, on the east side of the main entrance path from the north entrance.[5]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency Member of Parliament for Lambeth North
18851892
Succeeded by
Francis Moses Coldwells