Charles Davidson (RAF officer)

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Charles Robert Davidson
Born 1896
Scotland
Died 21 May 1936 (aged 39–40)
RAF Digby, Lincolnshire, England
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Royal Air Force
Years of service 1914–1936
Rank Squadron Leader
Unit
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Military Cross

Squadron Leader Charles Robert Davidson MC (1896 – 21 May 1936) was a Scottish World War I flying ace credited with six aerial victories.[1]

Biography[edit]

World War I[edit]

Having served as a cadet in the Officers Training Corps Davidson was commissioned as a temporary second lieutenant in the Highland Light Infantry on 17 October 1914.[2] He was seconded to the Royal Flying Corps in March 1916, initially as an observer, before being appointed a flying officer on 5 June 1917.[3][4]

Davidson was posted to No. 14 Squadron in the Middle East, scoring his first victory with them, by driving down an enemy observation plane out of control at Beit Hanun on 23 September 1917, while flying a Vickers Bullet. He then transferred to No. 111 Squadron when it was founded as the fighter unit for the Middle East, and scored his second win on 4 October in a two-seater Bristol F.2 Fighter, which he also used for four more wins, between 17 and 29 December 1917. For one of these triumphs, fellow ace Frederick John Knowles manned the guns in the rear seat. Davidson's final score was three enemy planes forced to land and then destroyed, and three driven down out of control. He left 111 Squadron on 9 January 1918.[1][5]

Listed as wounded on 7 February 1918,[6] Davidson was promoted to lieutenant on 4 March 1918.[7] In April 1918 his award of the Military Cross was gazetted, the citation reading:

Second Lieutenant (Temporary Lieutenant) Charles Robert Davidson, Highland Light Infantry, and Royal Flying Corps.
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He forced a hostile aeroplane to land, and, descending to a low altitude, despite heavy rifle fire, shot down one of the occupants as he was escaping from the machine. On two later occasions, he forced an enemy machine to land, and drove down another, which was last seen diving into country in which it was impossible to land. Finally, though his ankle was fractured by a bullet during an air combat, he landed without injury either to his observer or his machine.[8]

Post-war career[edit]

On 1 August 1919 Davidson was granted a permanent commission as a lieutenant in the RAF,[9] resigning his Army commission in the Highland Light Infantry the same day.[10] He was promoted to flight lieutenant in the King's New Years Honours, 1 January 1923.[11]

Davidson was posted to No. 20 Squadron, based in India, on 23 November 1923[12] then to the Headquarters of RAF India on 8 July 1927.[13]

He took part in Pinks War in Waziristan.[citation needed]

He returned to the UK and was posted to the RAF Depot, Uxbridge, on 4 December 1928.[14] On 10 June 1929 he was posted to No. 4 Squadron, based at South Farnborough,[15] and on 11 March 1931 was promoted to squadron leader.[16]

Davidson was part of the RAF team that beat the Army in the Inter-Services Golf Championship held at West Hill in Woking in April 1931.[17] On 5 June 1931 he was appointed to serve at the headquarters of RAF Transjordan and Palestine, based in Jerusalem,[18] finally returning to the UK to serve as a flying instructor at No. 2 Flying Training School, based at RAF Digby, from 15 October 1934.[19]

Death[edit]

Davidson was killed at RAF Digby on 21 May 1936 when he crashed in the Mignet HM.14 "Flying Flea" aircraft (registered on 4 February 1936 as G-AEBS[20]) that he had built himself[21] in the air station workshops.[22] The "Flying Flea" was designed as a cheap and simple self-built aircraft for flying enthusiasts, but had a fatal flaw in its design, that could cause the aircraft to go into an uncontrollable dive if the pilot pushed the nose down to prevent a stall. Davidson was the third British pilot to die in a "Flying Flea" crash within a month, and the aircraft was eventually banned in the UK.[23]

Squadron Leader Davidson is buried at the Church of the Holy Cross, Scopwick, Lincolnshire.[24]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b "Charles Robert Davidson". The Aerodrome. 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "No. 28945". The London Gazette. 20 October 1914. p. 8400. 
  3. ^ "No. 30198". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 July 1917. p. 7465. 
  4. ^ "No. 30311". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 September 1917. p. 10002. 
  5. ^ Shores et.al. (1997), p.134.
  6. ^ "The Roll of Honour: Wounded". Flight. X (476): 147. 7 February 1918. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  7. ^ "No. 30559". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 March 1918. p. 2872. 
  8. ^ "No. 30643". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 April 1918. p. 4825. 
  9. ^ "No. 31486". The London Gazette. 1 August 1919. p. 9868. 
  10. ^ "No. 31932". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 June 1920. p. 6325. 
  11. ^ "No. 32782". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1922. p. 15. 
  12. ^ "Royal Air Force: Appointments". Flight. XV (780): 745. 6 December 1923. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  13. ^ "Royal Air Force: Appointments". Flight. XIX (975): 625. 1 September 1927. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  14. ^ "Royal Air Force: Appointments". Flight. XXI (1048): 73. 24 January 1929. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  15. ^ "Royal Air Force: Appointments". Flight. XXI (1068): 493. 13 June 1929. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "No. 33697". The London Gazette. 10 March 1931. p. 1648. 
  17. ^ "R.A.F. Sport". Flight. XXIII (1165): 371. 24 April 1931. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "Royal Air Force: Appointments". Flight. XXIII (1174): 615. 26 June 1931. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  19. ^ "Royal Air Force: Appointments". Flight. XXVI (1349): 1158. 1 November 1934. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  20. ^ "Civil Aircraft Register". Golden Years of Aviation. 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  21. ^ ""Flying Flea" Planes". The Sydney Morning Herald. NSW: National Library of Australia. 23 May 1936. p. 17. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  22. ^ "RAF Digby : Station History (1934-1936)". Royal Air Force and Airfield History in Lincolnshire. 14 January 2012. Archived from the original on 26 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  23. ^ Duval, G.R. "Mignet "Pou de Ciel"" (PDF). Aeromodeller. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  24. ^ Clack, Shelley (4 September 2006). "Scopwick Church Burial Ground, Lincolnshire, England". Cemetery Records Online. Archived from the original on 31 January 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
Bibliography
  • Shores, Christopher F.; Franks, Norman & Guest, Russell (1990). Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915–1920. London, UK: Grub Street. ISBN 978-0-948817-19-9.