Charles Deering Estate

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Charles Deering Estate
Deering Estates - Richmond Cottage.JPG
The Richmond Cottage as it looks today.
Charles Deering Estate is located in Miami
Charles Deering Estate
Charles Deering Estate is located in Florida
Charles Deering Estate
Charles Deering Estate is located in the United States
Charles Deering Estate
LocationPalmetto Bay, Florida, USA
Coordinates25°36′56.217″N 80°18′23.3388″W / 25.61561583°N 80.306483000°W / 25.61561583; -80.306483000Coordinates: 25°36′56.217″N 80°18′23.3388″W / 25.61561583°N 80.306483000°W / 25.61561583; -80.306483000
Websitedeeringestate.org
NRHP reference No.86000325
Added to NRHP11 March 1986[1]

Charles Deering Estate (also known as Deering Estate at Cutler) was the Florida home of Charles Deering until 1927 when he died at the estate.[2]

Description[edit]

Deering lived on the 444 acres (1.80 km2)[3] property for five years, from 1922 to 1927. The property consists of a three-story wooden house built in 1900, known as the Richmond Cottage,[4] and a three-story stone mansion. Other buildings were also built on the property to serve as auxiliary buildings to the estate. Charles Deering Estate is located in the Cutler neighborhood of Palmetto Bay, Florida.

The grounds include what is thought to be the largest virgin coastal tropical hardwood hammock in the continental United States. The estate was acquired by the state of Florida in 1985.

The estate is owned by the State of Florida and is managed by the Miami-Dade County Parks, Recreation and Open Spaces Department. [5]

After the death of Charles Deering in 1927 the property was maintained by his family. In 1982 after his daughter died the property became available for sale. In 1984 the estate was purchased by Finley Matheson which fought to get it turned into a state park. In 1985 the State of Florida purchased the land for $22.5 million dollars.

The Deering Estate is a national landmark listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[6] It became part of the National Register of Historic places in 1986 by meeting the requirements in all categories. It is also part of the Organization of Biological Field Stations[7] through its collaboration with Florida International University School of Environment, Arts and Society. By being part of the organization they receive assistance in order to improve their effectiveness in supporting critical  research, education and outreach programs.

For more than 30 years, researchers have studied the unique ecological, geological and archaeological features of the property. The Deering Estate is situated in the only portion of the Everglades Restoration Project within an urban setting and which is easily accessed by the public. In August 2019, the Deering Estate Foundation was granted $200,000 for capital improvements.[8] This will expand the cultural and ecological field station and research site. The funds will provide renovations for a 10,700 square-foot field study research center. The research facility will provide temporary living quarters for up to 14 researchers, a archival library and a field staff office for the Deering Estate and Deering Estate Foundation.  

The house and grounds were featured several times in the 1980s TV series Miami Vice,[9] and the estate was the starting location for The Amazing Race All-Stars in 2007.[10]

History[edit]

The Richmond Cottage[edit]

The Richmond Cottage a year after it was purchased by Charles Deering in 1916.

In 1900 the wooden house was built and soon after S.H. Richmond's wife, Edith, opened the house as an Inn called the Richmond Cottage.[11] Guests who stayed at the Richmond Cottage, according to the 1900 register of the Inn, include Henry Morrison Flagler and James Ingrahm. The Richmond Cottage was named the most southern hostelry in the continental United States by The Miami Metropolis in 1901.[12] The 1904 City Directory describes Cutler as, "A few houses, with two good stores, those of Tweedell Brothers, and Brown and Moody, each of whom has built up a thriving business with the surrounding country. Cutler has daily mail and three wharves from which boats take freight and passengers to and from Miami. There is one good hotel, the Richmond Cottage which overlooks the bay."[11]

Charles Deering bought the Richmond Cottage in 1916 over the next several years he added different structures to the estate, including a carriage house, pump house and power house. He also enclosed his estate with a limestone and concrete wall and built the boat turning basin in Biscayne Bay. In 1922 he completed his three-story Mediterranean Stone House[13] and moved to Cutler in 1922.[14]

Stone House[edit]

Stone House was designed by Phineas Paist and was completed in 1922. It has 18 inch poured concrete walls, oolitic limestone, coffered ceilings and copper clad and brass doors. After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, Charles Deering was nervous of what fire could do. He decided to build his Stone House without a stove. There was a kitchen that housed refrigeration cabinets and storage but the cooking was done in the Richmond Cottage. It was his trepidation of fire that had him asking the architect/designer for the 18 inch concrete walls and brass doors. He also added an elevator to the house which was very forward thinking for 1922.[15] The large wine cellar that is located on the first floor was not discovered until after Hurricane Andrew. It was very well hidden behind built-in cabinetry. Hurricane Andrew flooded the first floor and damaged much of it. It was during the clean up process that it was discovered. He intended the house to be used as a showcase for his art collection and books.

Charles Deering[edit]

Portrait of Charles Deering, c. 1914 by Ramon Casas i Carbó

Charles Deering was born on July 31, 1852 in Paris, Maine.[2] He was the son of William Deering, founder of Deering Harvester Company, and brother of millionaire industrialist James Deering. Deering is remembered as an American businessman and philanthropist.

In 1873 Deering graduated from the United States Naval Academy and served as an officer in the Navy until 1881. Deering then became secretary of his father's company, which merged with McCormick Harvesting Machine Company and became International Harvester in 1902. After the merger, Deering became the chairman of the board for International Harvester.[2] Charles Deering died at the age of 75 at his estate at Cutler, at 11:30 P.M. on February 5, 1927.[2][14] After Charles' death, the estate was left to his wife and children.[14]

Cutler Burial Mound[edit]

The Cutler Burial Mound is a prehistoric mound on the Charles Deering Estate. It is one of the few surviving prehistoric mounds in Miami-Dade County. The mound is about 38 feet by 20 feet at the base, and about five feet high. Artifacts from the mound are from the Glades II and III periods. The mound has been disturbed repeatedly. Henry Perrine, Jr, son of Henry Perrine, removed several skulls from the mound in the 1860s while searching for Black Caesar's treasure. Ralph Munroe dug in the mound in the 1890s. In the 20th century, neighborhood children dug in the mound and removed bones and artifacts. Some of those bones have been returned and reburied in the mound. The mound is believed to contain 12 to 18 burials of Native Americans. The mound is accessible via a boardwalk.[16][17]

Cutler Fossil Site[edit]

In 1979 a sinkhole on the Deering Estate was found to contain bones of Pleistocene animals associated with bones and artifacts of early humans. The site was eventually acquired by Miami-Dade County, and is now part of the Charles Deering Estate Park.[18]

Hurricane Andrew[edit]

Buildings on the Deering Estate with still-water marks from storm surge measured at 16.5 feet (5.0 m)

On August 24, 1992, Hurricane Andrew struck South Florida as a Category 5 hurricane, the third-strongest tropical cyclone to make landfall in the United States, with winds of 165 mph (270 km/h). Andrew "destroyed 25,524 homes and damaged 101,241 others."[19]

Hurricane Andrew ravaged and damaged the property of Deering Estate. The water front property was devastated by waves that reached as high as the second floor of the buildings. Water rose more than 16 feet (4.9 m) from sea level[20] and caused major flooding on the property.[21] The Richmond Cottage was taken off its foundation and splintered by the hurricane. It took seven years and $7.2 million to restore the location. Deering Estate at Cutler reopened to the public in 1999 and officially opened in 2000.[21][22]

The Deering Estate Foundation[edit]

The Deering Estate Foundation, Inc., organized in 1989 and strives, "to raise public awareness, outreach, understanding and the enjoyment of the Deering Estate at Cutler and to raise funds to support education, research, exhibits and collections, natural conservation and historical restoration and preservation."[23] The offices of the foundation are located on the third floor of the Richmond Cottage. Is a community based charitable 501(c) Florida Corporation and the philanthropic partners of the Deering Estate.[24]

The Deering Estate Foundation - Board of Directors[25]
Executive Committee Position Directors Trustees
David McDonald President Laura Beaton-Aguilera Richard Cohen
Becky Roper Matkov Vice President Beth Brockway-Serrate Ronald Esserman
Vicki Simmons-Hinz Treasurer C. Michael Cornely Lynn French
Liede DeValdivielso Secretary Tom Cromer James W. Harris
Buff March-Bye dec. Immediate Past President Dr. Lyle Culver Sallye Jude
David A. Marley Jr. Peter A. England Philip F. Ludovici
Walter Flores Heather Bell O'Brien
Dr. Evelyn Gaiser Edward Rosasco
Eric T. Haas Audrey Ross
Col. Brodes Hartley, Jr. Scott A. Silver
Barry E. Johnson David M. Turner
Leonor M. Lagomasino Karleton B. Wulf
Paul Neidhart Mary Young
Patrick H. F. Roberts
Christine Stiphany
Jo Ann Szaro
Howard J. Tendrich
Jocelyn Tennille
Jamie L. Thomas
Andrew S. Yagoda
Daniel Yglesias

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System – Charles Deering Estate (#86000325)". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 9 July 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d "Newspaper: Charles Deering Dies At Home Near Cutler. " The Herald [Miami] 06 Feb. 1927. Print.
  3. ^ DeeringEstate.org - About Us Archived January 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Last checked on 2010-07-27.
  4. ^ Miamidade.gov - Deering Archived July 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Last checked on 2010-07-27.
  5. ^ "History". Deering Estate.
  6. ^ "National Register of Historic Places". National Register of Historic Places.
  7. ^ "Organization of Biological Field Stations". Organization of Biological Field Stations.
  8. ^ "State of Florida granted $200,000". Miami Dade.
  9. ^ ntlworld.com - The Afternoon Plane Loc2 Archived October 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Last checked on 2010-07-27.
  10. ^ Waymarking.com - The Amazing Race 11, Last checked on 2010-07-27.
  11. ^ a b Metropoliton Dade County Historic Preservation Board. "The Richmond Era" The Charles Deering Estate Historict S.W. 167 Street and Old Cutler Road: Designation Report. Miami: Metro-Dade, 1985. 4. Print. This publication can be found at The Main Library.[1] Address: 101 W FLAGLER ST MIAMI, FL 33130 Phone: 305-375-2665
  12. ^ Google News Archive, "A Trip From Miami to the Homestead Lands." The Miami Metropolis 19 Apr. 1901. Print.
  13. ^ "Stone House". Deering Estate.
  14. ^ a b c Metropoliton Dade County Historic Preservation Board. "The Deering Estate" The Charles Deering Estate Historict S.W. 167 Street and Old Cutler Road: Designation Report. Miami: Metro-Dade, 1985. 5,6. Print. This publication can be found at The Main Library.[2] Archived 2002-06-11 at the Wayback Machine Address: 101 W FLAGLER ST MIAMI, FL 33130 Phone: 305-375-2665
  15. ^ "The Deering Estate".
  16. ^ Carr: 96, 117, 149
  17. ^ Cohen, Howard (November 30, 2012). "Deering Estate replaces boardwalk over Cutler Burial Mound". The Miami Herald. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
  18. ^ Carr: 29, 45
  19. ^ "Preliminary Report Hurricane Andrew 16–28 August 1992". NOAA.gov. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
  20. ^ "NOAA Photo Library" (Web). National Weather Service. Retrieved 12 August 2010. Still-water marks from storm surge measured at 16.5 feet.
  21. ^ a b "Hurricane Andrew". Deering Estate at Cutler. Archived from the original on 31 August 2010. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
  22. ^ Pettit, Mary. "Estate at Cutler". Social Affairs Magazine. Archived from the original (Web) on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
  23. ^ "DeeringEstate.org - About The Foundation". Archived from the original on 2010-07-30. Retrieved 2010-08-08.
  24. ^ "The Deering Estate Foundation".
  25. ^ "Board of Directors - Deering Estate". Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  • Carr, Robert S. (2012). Digging Miami. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida. pp. 29, 45. ISBN 978-0-8130-4206-0.
  • Florida, DK Eyewitness Travel Guides, 2004, pg. 90

External links[edit]